Syphilis - punishment of Venus

June 15, 2008

  • Syphilis - punishment of Venus
  • Steps
  • Symptoms
  • Prevention

 Syphilis Infection occurs through direct contact with a sick person. The main route of transmission is sexual, the disease belongs to a group of sexually transmitted diseases. Syphilis is largely a measure of the sexual culture of human behavior, the treatment requires a specific course of therapy for both sexual partners is mandatory.


Potential routes of human infection with syphilis

Syphilis is transmitted not only during sexual relations between people. The causative agent of the disease is the spirochete Schaudinn-Hoffman or pale treponema. She has the ability to be stored for a long time in a humid environment, so the physiological secrets of the body perfectly suited for this. Pathogen die only when dry. Despite a long stay in secretions Treponema Discharges in women when there is cause for concern  Discharges in women when there is cause for concern
 And its pathogenic properties are not changed, so the person is a potential source of infection for the relatives.

History knows of syphilis cases where infection occurs during the autopsy pathologist. This can be attributed to occupational exposure to humans, since there is a close connection with professional activities. Currently, such cases are rare, which undoubtedly belongs to the performance of the health system as a whole. Transmission in close communication is possible at the household level. Household syphilis in modern conditions is often not detected because the level of the general culture of the population and the sexual culture in particular has become much higher in comparison with previous years. The presence of this pathway of infection, too, it should be remembered, when a differential diagnosis of various infectious diseases.

During sexual activity add up the most optimal conditions for the penetration of pale treponem and development of clinical disease. This is due to the fact that the mucous membranes of the genitals, skin after affinity microcracks abrasions. After penetration of the pathogen through the skin or mucous spirochetes multiply rapidly, spreading further throughout the body. In this context, the sexual route is recognized by all experts as the main route of infection.


How would you characterize the disease

The general course of syphilis is varied clinical forms. Ongoing therapeutic interventions produce different results in different patients, which leads to different outcomes. In some patients achieved a positive therapeutic effect even when it had a therapeutically little chance. In contrast, the situation can be observed when properly selected and time prescribed treatment is ineffective. The determining factor is the state of the overall reactivity of the organism, as well as a manifestation of the pathogenic properties of the pathogen.

The causative agent of syphilis leads to the development of the disease through a short time interval. A sick man at first feels quite healthy, nothing changes in his overall health. The incubation period of syphilis on average three weeks, it can rarely be less or more time-consuming. Sometimes, this period becomes longer if the patient during the incubation simultaneously receives the antibacterial agents that have a spectrum of activity against the causative agent of syphilis, showing treponemotsidnoe action. Syphilis incubation period in such a situation is not only longer, perverted the very course of the disease.

Not in all cases, how syphilis occurs, one can observe compliance with the general ideas about the manifestations of the disease. There asymptomatic syphilis, which is characterized by the following features:

  • the absence of clinical symptoms
  • the absence of serological manifestations of a blood test

Despite the lack of obvious signs of the disease, the infected person is a source of infection for healthy people, with perhaps the birth of children with congenital syphilis Congenital syphilis - infection of the fetus in utero from sick mother If a woman suffers asymptomatic variant of the disease.


Stages of development of pathological changes

In order to carry out the treatment of patients with syphilis to the same standards, it was proposed to classify disease based on the stages of its development. Classification of syphilis is designed on the principle of first contact of the patient, that is the stage at which the patient first sought medical help. To understand how syphilis is manifested, it is important to know the stage of the disease, since each stage has its own idiosyncrasies.

The disease syphilis begins with the appearance of the primary focus. This is the focus of a chancre, which is characterized by the presence of the start of the primary period of the disease. Antibodies to syphilis in the early stages are not produced, so serological tests are negative. For this reason, the primary period of syphilis also called seronegative. Serological tests are positive, as with the appearance of the chancre extends from three to four weeks.

Syphilis chancre is accompanied by common symptoms that may indicate the presence of the pathogen in the body. These symptoms include the following report:

  • temperature reaction in the form of a low grade fever
  • feeling of uneasiness
  • pain (bone pain, headache). Maximum intensity of pain is noted at night
  • hyperadenosis

Lymph nodes in syphilis is a kind of barrier to the spread of the pathogen through the body. Directly in the lymph node pathogen is killed, but more resistant species can penetrate this barrier. Swollen lymph nodes in syphilis is a reflection of the inflammatory process associated with the circulation of spirochetes in the body.

The first increase nodes located in the groin area, if the primary site of disease is located in the genital area. During the physical examination of the patient should pay attention to the fact that the lymph nodes are painless, elastic different density. Their mobility is not compromised, as with the surrounding tissue and with each other, they are not soldered. Inspect all visible lymph nodes Lymph nodes - what keeps our immune system  Lymph nodes - what keeps our immune system
 Are each individually.

The first stage of syphilis lasts an average of forty-five days. If during this time the disease has not been identified or held inadequate therapy, it will have internal organ involvement. The causative agent penetrates into blood and affects the major organs, primarily skeletal and nervous systems. This is the stage of secondary fresh syphilis, which can be characterized by the presence of various rashes on the skin and mucous membranes. The second stage of syphilis occurs with periods of relapse when symptoms come back again after a short period of time. Each subsequent relapse is scarce clinical manifestations, with the elements on the skin and mucous membranes are larger and have a tendency to group together, creating unique shapes (figures may resemble ovals, arcs or garlands).

Syphilis Stage 2 can last up to six years or more, naturally gives way to the tertiary period of the disease. All displays can be described by the term destructive. Ulcers in syphilis at this stage leave severe scarring after healing, so on the basis of the availability of these sites a person can recognize the former syphilis many years ago. The spots in syphilis in the Tertiary period have a characteristic brown color with signs of atrophy, which creates the impression of a mosaic. For people around the sick person is less dangerous as tertiary syphilis Tertiary syphilis - the final stage of the disease  Tertiary syphilis - the final stage of the disease
   differs slightly contagious.