- Human papilloma virus - when the body fails
- How do you get
How do you get
Human papilloma virus - a virus that is in the blood of most people. But the disease it causes is only with a decrease in immunity. Dispatched by the human papilloma virus as the household (via personal care) and sexually. Very often the person infected with the virus at birth, and the disease may or may not ever occur, or occur in the period of the weakening of the body. In violation of the immunity the virus is introduced into the surface layer of the skin or mucous membranes, and changes the function of the epithelial cells, this is the reason for the formation of benign tumors. Sometimes these tumors are transformed into malignant.
Currently, there are more than 60 types of human papilloma virus, each of them is different skin lesions: papillomavirus and genital warts on the mucous membranes, the warts on the skin.
Factors contributing to the development of the disease
Factors contributing to the activation of the human papilloma virus and the emergence of the disease include:
- early onset of active sexual life;
- a large number of sexual partners;
- smoking, alcohol and drugs;
- physical and mental overload;
- viral diseases (influenza, herpes, hepatitis
Hepatitis - the scourge of our time
- violation of normal vaginal microflora
The microflora of the vagina: purity
- taking medications that suppress the immune system (for example, in the treatment of cancer).
How is HPV infection
Different types of human papillomavirus can cause skin and mucous membranes of various neoplasms.
Thus, the skin can appear papilloma - benign tumors light brown size - 0 2 - 10 mm, round shape, sit on the leg (sometimes wide basis). Papilloma tend to spread. Usually papilloma located on the face and neck, under the armpits, in the groin. Transmitted diseases through everyday.
The warts are also caused by the human papilloma virus, but another type. This dense growths with a rough surface and sharp edges with very different colors. Warts are simple (mostly), plantar and flat (very rare). You can become infected through everyday.
On mucous membranes (genitals, anus, mouth, throat) HPV can cause genital warts - growths the size of 2-6 mm. Top of genital warts wider base, hilly, sitting on a thin stalk. They grow very quickly, in a matter of hours. Genital warts, located on the cervix in women and penis in men are precancerous diseases.
Based on what can be diagnosed
Warts, papillomas and warts have a rather distinctive appearance, why, then, for some confirmation of the diagnosis? The fact that there are types of human papillomavirus that cause pre-cancerous disease, that's something they need to identify and first. To do this, hold special examination under a microscope - reveal the nature of tissue cells, whether their transformation into malignant. In the blood reveal the presence of human papillomavirus DNA (PCR method, it can be set at the same time and the type of virus) and antibodies to it (immunological research).
Treatment of human papillomavirus infection
At the moment no such drug, which would be able to act directly on the human papilloma virus, however eliminate the virus from the body can not be achieved. The problem of treatment - eliminate manifestations of the disease and reduce the amount of virus in the body.
First of all, prescribers that increase the body's defenses: vitamins, immunomodulators
Immunomodulators: a contract with the protective forces of the body
(affecting some parts of immunity), etc. With increasing immunity
Immunity - types and characteristics in children in adults
the amount of virus in the body decreases.
Needless neoplasm (wart, papilloma, genital warts, etc.) are removed one way or another. This is usually done with a scalpel or, or exposure to electric current (electrocautery), cold (cryotherapy), laser beams or radio-wave exposure. The most modern methods - laser and radio wave exposure method. Treatment is carried out under local anesthesia.
Furthermore, currently there are cytotoxic drugs (e.g., podophyllin) which, when applied topically (lubrication) are able to inhibit the development of abnormal cells of the skin or mucous membranes.
Prevention of diseases caused by the human papilloma virus, is a healthy way of life, absence of bad habits, adherence to personal and sexual hygiene.