Bulimia nervosa: symptoms and treatment

November 14, 2011

  • Bulimia nervosa: symptoms and treatment
  • Treatment of bulimia nervosa

 Bulimia Nervosa
 Bulimia nervosa - is an eating disorder characterized by recurrent episodes of excessive hunger and defoliation, after which the person is trying to "cleanse" the body one way or another (usually by vomiting, laxatives, diuretics, exercise). Typically, bulimia nervosa in young girls and women concerned about their own weight.

Bulimia is more common than anorexia Anorexia nervosa - symptoms and effects on the body  Anorexia nervosa - symptoms and effects on the body
 . But it is much more difficult to recognize. If anorexics often lose weight to such an extent that they can not hide their disease from others, the majority suffering from bulimia normal volume of the body and normal weight. Therefore, they can keep his illness a secret for many years, none of it is not telling, perhaps only one or two family members or very close friend.

 Bulimia nervosa: symptoms and treatment

Risk groups and the most common signs

In the main risk group includes young women from 13 to 35 years. The highest peak of development and clinical manifestations of the disease accounts for 15-16 years, 22-25 years, 27-28 years. In addition, a growing number of people of both sexes with a variety of mild forms of the disorder, they are on the border of the danger of symptomatic bulimia nervosa.

Most bulimic can not break the cycle of binge eating and liberation from eating. A feeling of fullness disappears, disappears and the control over the amount of food eaten - the beginning is, people can not stop. But, regardless of the amount eaten, reproaches himself that he should not have done that. Realizing that was happening to him that something was wrong, bulimik absorbing another portion, he consoles himself with the fact that on Monday he will start a new life. However, this Monday never comes. The result is a sense of panic and the inability to control himself.

"Start-binge", such a person prefers sweets and other high-calorie foods that lead to fullness. Often the desire to eat is a response to depression, self-blame, diligent diet or just boredom.

These binges lead to desperate attempts to get rid of eaten and prevent weight gain. To rid the body of unwanted food, use different cleaning procedures. Most often artificially induce vomiting or resorting to laxatives and diuretics, enemas. However, few of them knows that cleaning procedures usually are not a reliable means of reducing or maintaining weight. Weight reduction, for example, after receiving laxatives mainly due to loss of fluid, but not fat, which negatively affects the whole body. Other cleaning procedures are also not safe and can lead to serious health consequences and even death.

All thoughts of a person suffering from bulimia Bulimia - how to deal with an invisible enemy?  Bulimia - how to deal with an invisible enemy?
 We focused on food; he can not concentrate on work, school, family and personal life. He eats up until not feel pain in the stomach Pain in the stomach when the body asks for help  Pain in the stomach when the body asks for help
 After which can cause vomiting and start all over again. All this is accompanied by feelings of guilt, depression, low self-esteem.

Many - like themselves dependent, and their close relatives - believed that this disease is related to the will, you just pull yourself together, and bulimia retreat. The stronger their incomprehension, anger and resentment for what it does not, and vice versa - every day repeats the same pattern.

 Bulimia nervosa: symptoms and treatment

Causes of bulimia nervosa

The exact cause of bulimia nervosa is not clarified, but noted that the disease is more frequent in girls and young women concerned about their own weight. Often, patients bulimia nervosa place high demands on their appearance, thinness is considered the key to success in society, are suffering from low self-esteem.

Typically, bulimia nervosa begins with misconceptions about that body weight control is very easy and can be easily reduced. Patients with bulimia nervosa are in error (usually as a result of peer pressure) that they can eat anything you want and in any quantity and at the same time or per gram not recover. At the heart of bulimia lie deep psychological wounds, deep and constantly disturbing experience. Attempts to bind their lives to food (non-food) - an attempt to cope with life, which is becoming less subservient to man.

 Bulimia nervosa: symptoms and treatment

Signs and symptoms

Typically, bulimia nervosa patients hide from others the symptoms of the disease. Careful attention to these people helps relatives and friends to recognize the disease and to insist on consulting a doctor and treatment. Here are the main symptoms of bulimia:

  • Compulsive overeating;
  • Overwhelming demand for certain products;
  • Fluctuations in body weight;
  • Induced vomiting, abuse of laxatives and diuretics;
  • Emotional changes, depression or social withdrawal;
  • Swollen glands under the jaw or dental disease, caused by frequent vomiting;
  • Frequent visits to the toilet room;
  • Night feast alone;
  • Excessive exercise, especially exercises for the cardiovascular system more frequently than 5 times a week;
  • Discoloration or destruction of tooth enamel;
  • Rupture of blood vessels in the eyes;
  • Brittle hair and nails; dry and unhealthy skin color;
  • Stomach pain;
  • Voluntary renunciation of the favorite activities and friends;
  • Preoccupation with their own weight, weight loss, diet and everything connected with it;
  • Symptoms of depression Depression - a little more than a bad mood  Depression - a little more than a bad mood

The consequences of bulimia are very dangerous and pose a threat not only to health but for life. Here are some of them:

  • Violation elektrolicheskogo balance;
  • Inflammation of the esophagus;
  • Various diseases of the teeth and gums;
  • Chronic intestinal motility due to the breach of the abuse of laxatives;
  • Constant feeling of shame and guilt;
  • Depression;
  • Low self-esteem;
  • Inferiority in family and social relations.

By the way, bulimia does not imply rejection of the food, its manifestations and consequences are not obvious, so it is so difficult to diagnose (usually weight bulimic patients is consistent with normal or slightly exceed it).

Viktoza antidiabetic drugs in the fight against obesity

August 12th, 2011

 antidiabetic drug Viktoza
 Viktoza - is a relatively new drug that is recommended for people with type two diabetes. In addition to efficacy against diabetes, the drug proved to be efficient and to get rid of extra kilos - that is, the experimental evidence.

Viktoza in 2009 won the right to enter the European market. The active component of the current medications - liraglyutid. Patients receiving liraglyutid that contains hormone saturation can lose twice more weight than those that take orlistat, which operates on the basis of drug Xenical.

Viktoza significantly reduces the appetite and at the same time reduces the risk of developing diabetes. However, the drug has disadvantages. Among them - the regular use at a high enough price. Experts say that we need more in-depth research to help establish the advantages and disadvantages of drugs. However, an interesting experiment was conducted, which showed efficacy Viktoza in the fight against excess weight.

The experiment lasted twenty weeks and covered 564 patients aged 18 to 65 years. Their body mass index ranged from 30 to 40, all patients were from different European countries. During this period, people were divided into three groups and sent to nineteen medical centers for detailed surveillance specialists. Participants in all groups were to reduce their calorie daily diet and to exercise Myths about exercise: do not believe  Myths about exercise: do not believe

The first group received pletsebo. After twenty weeks noted only 30% loss of 5% of the initial weight. The second group of patients received the drug Xenical, which works on the basis of orlistat. Twenty weeks 44% lost 5 wt%. The third group of subjects received Viktozu, whereby at the end of the study 75% lost 5% of their initial body weight.

With such a pronounced effectiveness of the antidiabetic drug against obesity, it has a small list of side effects. In the third group were observed nausea Nausea - there may be problems with the nervous system  Nausea - there may be problems with the nervous system
   and vomiting, but they are temporary, and there was no indication to stop the experiment.

 Viktoza antidiabetic drugs in the fight against obesity

Weight loss - the result of a hormone?

The author of the study, which established the effectiveness of Viktozy in the struggle for harmony is Arne Astrup, Head of the Department of Nutrition of the University of Copenhagen. It is noted that the reason that the drug Viktoza so highly considered, consists in the fact that it simulates intestinovy ​​hormone GLP-1, which is released in the intestines.

The hormone GLP-1 tells the body to produce more insulin The principles of action of insulin - the science of saving lives  The principles of action of insulin - the science of saving lives
 And the brain sends a signal about saturation. This hormone has a saturation in the body in its natural form, but the amount of it in the blood stream is reduced within a few minutes after a meal. Pharmaceutical company Novo Nordisk, which manufactures Viktozu added to the formula of a molecule, which opposes such a rapid decrease of the hormone in the body and acting drug may work throughout the day.

Use of drugs can not yet be considered studied. But if the introduction of stop and not do with the exercise and not diet, dumped kgs quickly returned.

Nevertheless, it is undeniable that liraglyutid - the main element of the current Viktozy - much expanded treatment options for people with diabetes of the second type. After all, it not only allows you to control the level of sugar in the blood Blood sugar - one of the main indicators of human health  Blood sugar - one of the main indicators of human health
 But also helps to reduce weight. But as Viktoza - a new word in medicine, must be many more experiences that will make a better impression about its advantages and disadvantages.

In any case, like other drugs for weight loss, Viktoza can not be used for a long time.

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