Smoking during pregnancy: consequences are unpredictable

August 12, 2012

 smoking during pregnancy
 "How many times told the world ...". The problem of smoking has been, is and will be relevant throughout the world. Every year the number of smokers, and that the worst thing decreases age at which people first time took up a cigarette. Smoking is equally harmful for both men and women. Especially dangerous is smoking during pregnancy.

Although active in the fight against smoking, the promotion of various dangers of smoking, only a portion of pregnant women found the strength of will and courage to give up the habit. The pregnant woman and the fetus are a single entity, so each cigarette smoked future mother is smoked for two. The effects of smoking during pregnancy are unpredictable and sometimes irreparable. Consequently, to preserve the health of the woman and the birth of a normal child is still worth to give up smoking during pregnancy.

 Smoking during pregnancy: consequences are unpredictable

Smoking during pregnancy

It is known that tobacco smoke contains a large amount of harmful substances, nicotine, carbon monoxide, hydrogen cyanide, and even resins carcinogens, which provoke the development of cancer. Placenta is not able to assume the defense of the fruit of all these pollutants, and future child experiencing all the "charm" of each cigarette smoked on itself. About smoking in early pregnancy in general is terrible to think, because the placenta has not yet formed, and even a slight obstacle to the mother-fetus missing. Among other things, during smoking is actively consumed contained in the mother's body B vitamins B vitamins: the body useful helpers  B vitamins: the body useful helpers
   and C. There is a pronounced deficiency and folic acid, which increases the risk of malformations of the central nervous system. Every cigarette you smoke causes a reduction in placental blood vessels and disrupts the delivery of oxygen to the fetus for about twenty minutes. Smoking during pregnancy is clearly harmful, regardless of length of service and number of cigarettes smoked per day. In addition, smoking discourages appetite, resulting in a lack of weight gain during pregnancy.

Currently, widespread following opinion: dramatically quit smoking during pregnancy should not, as a woman experiences stress How to beat stress? Create an oasis  How to beat stress? Create an oasis
 . This assertion is completely unfounded, because the harm caused by cigarettes smoked each child commensurate with the "suffering" of the woman.

Uncommon situation where the woman does not know about the pregnancy and continues to smoke. What to do in this case? If pregnancy is desired, the woman should immediately quit addiction as soon as she found out about his "interesting" position. Quitting smoking during early pregnancy to minimize the development of complications of pregnancy. Ideally, prospective parents should advance at least a month to give up smoking.

 Smoking during pregnancy: consequences are unpredictable

The effect of smoking on pregnancy and the fetus

Smoking affects not only the course of pregnancy and fetal development, but also in the newborn:

  • Low birth weight

Women who smoke are born underweight children, which is a shortfall of nutrients and vitamins during pregnancy. The weight of newborns from women who smoke decreased by 30% and more.

  • Exacerbation of chronic diseases

During pregnancy, hormonal changes occur and reduced immunity Immunity - types and characteristics in children in adults  Immunity - types and characteristics in children in adults
 . Therefore, pregnant smokers exacerbation of chronic diseases (pathology of pulmonary and cardiovascular systems) occurs more often.

  • Increased frequency of miscarriages

Smoking during pregnancy leads to abnormalities in the placenta, her appearance in thrombosis and calcifications that often ends in miscarriage.

  • Increases the frequency of preterm birth

Placental disorders and chronic intrauterine fetal hypoxia are often the cause of premature births.

  • Pathology of the placenta

The abnormal location of the placenta in women who smoke occurs in 25 -90% of cases.

  • Premature detachment of the placenta

Smoking during pregnancy increases the risk of premature detachment of the placenta by 25 -65%.

  • Stillbirth
  • The sudden death of newborn

Sudden death syndrome occurs in 30% more likely than non-smoking women.

  • The lag in the physical and mental development
  • Fetal malformations (cleft lip and cleft palate)
  • Increases the risk of a child's diabetes Diabetes - threatening and incurable disease  Diabetes - threatening and incurable disease
   and obesity

Anna Sozinova

Article Tags:
  • habits

Diazolin during pregnancy: only on prescription

November 14, 2011

 Diazolin during pregnancy
 During pregnancy, no medicine can not be taken without a doctor's prescription. It is especially important to carry out this policy in the first twelve weeks of pregnancy (first trimester), as some are very safe medications can have adverse effects on the fetus.

 Diazolin during pregnancy: only on prescription

How does diazolin on the body of a pregnant woman

In determining the indications and contraindications for receiving a particular drug during pregnancy has the basic meaning of the two factors. The first factor is the passage of the drug through the barrier such as the placenta, and the second - its harmful effects on the fetus.

Diazolin passes through the placental barrier and may impact (including adverse) on the fetus. Nevertheless, long-standing practice of diazolin in pregnant women almost did not reveal the negative impact of the drug on the fetus. Of course, diazolin not be taken in the first 12 weeks of pregnancy, when there is a tab of internal organs and tissues of the fetus. After this period, if indicated doctor may prescribe diazolin, but with great caution.

Most allergies are hereditary and her mother passes to her baby. It has been established that the child can deal with allergens even during fetal development, but then formed and increased sensitivity to them. When repeated contact with this substance sensitized organism responds to an allergic reaction Allergic reactions: how to understand why you tickle in the throat  Allergic reactions: how to understand why you tickle in the throat

 Diazolin during pregnancy: only on prescription

Indications for admission diazolin during pregnancy

Allergy today is the most common disease. She does not spare pregnant women, but in this case the woman's body including your back-up defense mechanisms - begins to produce increased amounts of glucocorticoid hormones, which often lead to the complete disappearance of symptoms of allergy.

But it does not always occur, in some cases, protective mechanisms fail and continue to develop allergic disease, sometimes even more vigorously than before pregnancy. In such cases, a woman may require treatment.

Pollinosis (allergic rhinitis and conjunctivitis, emerging to pollen), food and drug allergies, asthma, atopic dermatitis, eczema Eczema - is difficult to treat  Eczema - is difficult to treat
   - All of these allergic diseases during pregnancy could well provide an exacerbation.

 Diazolin during pregnancy: only on prescription

Pregnancy and asthma

So, one of the most severe allergic diseases - asthma Bronchial asthma - the body's response inadequate  Bronchial asthma - the body's response inadequate
   often exacerbated in the months when most of the stomach squeezes the chest - in the third trimester, from 25 to 36 a week. Two weeks before childbirth belly usually falls so late in pregnancy attacks can be significantly reduced.

Certainly, asthma attacks during pregnancy adversely affect the status of the child, because he is suffering from a lack of oxygen. Today, therefore, developed a special scheme of anti-asthma treatment throughout the pregnancy. It is a comprehensive treatment that includes various drugs scheme, dosage and time of appointment which are designed so as not to harm the fetus and thus provide pharmacological support the body of the mother. In such schemes includes diazolin - it is considered the safest drug with a soft effect.

However, none of the pregnant woman can not start taking diazolin own. It is prescribed, proceeding from the state as broncho-pulmonary system, and the results of the examination of pregnancy, that is the state of the woman and the fetus. Self-administration of diazolin does not guarantee the absence of adverse effects on the fetus.

 Diazolin during pregnancy: only on prescription

Pregnancy and other allergies

The most common symptoms of allergy are allergic rhinitis and allergic conjunctivitis. Most often, they occur in the warmer months, as a reaction to pollen. This condition is called hay fever Hay fever - from season to season  Hay fever - from season to season
   or hay fever.

Filming allergic processes that occur during pregnancy, of course, necessary. Make it can only prenatal therapist who has specialized training in the treatment of pregnant women. Appointments usually agree with the allergist.

Diazolin often prescribed for hay fever because it has a mild effect, it does not cause excessive drowsiness and virtually no adverse effect on the fetus. However, doctors and administered with care and only in extreme cases. Women are recommended to temporarily live in other areas, where there is no hazardous flowering herbs.

Diazolin also nominated in skin manifestations of allergy in pregnant women - neurodermatitis and eczema.

Do not think that diazolin absolutely safe during pregnancy, just allergies, too dangerous, so the lesser of two evils choose the least.

Galina Romanenko

Article Tags:
  • diazolin