Who is more difficult to raise: boys or girls? Do we need to have different methods of education, and what are their differences? Besides the obvious differences than boys differ from girls, and how these differences affect education? It's really difficult issues to which there are no simple unambiguous answers.
On the one hand, most of us know that many of our ideas about gender are formed under the influence of culture and society. Our knowledge of gender behavior gleaned from movies and television programs, from advertising, from friends and relatives. On the gender differences are literally screaming toys: boys - his, for girls - on your own. Even the colors have sex: pink for some reason it is considered the color of girls and blue is traditionally associated with boys.
Most of us also suspect that boys and girls do have differences that go beyond the social and cultural impact. What are these differences and how they affect education?
The brains of boys and girls
- There are significant differences between the brain of girls and boys:
- Brain men more.
- In the brain, women have more nerve fibers through which information flows from one hemisphere to the other.
- In men, the right matures faster, "figurative" hemisphere, women - left, "abstract logic."
- Women are more likely to use both hemispheres of the brain.
Gender differences are observed in approximately 80% of the population. The remaining 20% have the same structure as the opposite sex.
These gender (sex) differences are explained by the inhomogeneous development of girls and boys: girls up to ten years better remember the numbers and solve logic problems, quickly and successfully master the speech. Boys from the smaller number of nerve fibers is more difficult to compare the information processed in the left and right hemispheres: in the thought processes selectively turn on either the left or right hemisphere. When meaningful words boys "turned on" the left hemisphere, the girls - both of them.
But these differences of structure and development of the brain has not yet determined the fate. As noted above, only one in five boys or girls show a "typical" for their gender behavior. But the study revealed a number of patterns and trends in the development of boys and girls. The girls tend to develop early language skills, in addition, they are better able to express their emotions
Emotions and culture: how to decipher the emotional code
words. Girls are also used to begin to read and write. Boys, in turn, show early interest in spatial problems.
Features that do not depend on the sex of the child
Most of those who are raising children of different sexes, including strangers know that between boys and girls, there are differences. Some of these differences are due to the influence of cultural factors, but others are ordained by nature.
Taught high school certainly seen this feature: in scientific and technological circles are written mostly boys, and in art - girl. I wonder why this is happening? Why are boys so interested in science and technology? Courage inventors? The desire to grasp the secrets of the universe? Or the girl just shy recorded in such clubs, because science is considered to be a matter of a male, and the girls are not supposed to be interested in internal combustion engines, and poetry?
Yes, and whether girls in scientific circles, in the company of men? It is one thing - to recognize the cultural and biological differences between boys and girls. It is quite another - to allow these differences to run your life, imposing all sorts of restrictions. Of course, there are gender differences, but there are individual differences. In recognition of these differences and overcome them, children develop. If we do not expand the boundaries of the established floor, we encourage gender stereotypes. No one should feel restricted own sex.
Features of education of boys and girls
The boy's parents are often advised, "Gather plaster and green paint. They are very useful, "and parents of girls say:" Prepare for a daughter pink skirts and bows. " So manifest socio-cultural impact on gender identity. Shirts with the image of cars and footballs - for boys. Beautiful pink blouse with ruffles and sequins - for girls.
Our children are under social pressure from the first day of life. Parents should monitor these influences and try to resist them.
It is necessary to pay attention to one important aspect. The statement that "the other boys" can easily be interpreted differently by presenting the situation as being "defective" or worse, "are not capable of anything." Once these generalizations apply to the girls: "They will never succeed in science and technology", "They are too emotional to perform a responsible job." So please, take very seriously the following postulates:
- gender differences in mental activity virtually indistinguishable;
- Gender differences are only a tendency;
- Gender differences are not universal;
- we should not take gender differences as limitations.
Remember that even the most typical boy and girl is the typical - are unique, they have individual characteristics. In the end, the floor - only one of the characteristics of the person, and is not exhaustive. Gender determines the person no more than his temperament, ability, or appearance.
- the education of children of different sexes