- Gastroesophageal reflux (regurgitation) in children - not such a harmless symptom
- Acid Reflux and Silent
Acid reflux in children
Reflux in infants is fully called "gastroesophageal reflux disease" (GERD). Reflux is usually caused by the relaxation of the muscle ring, separating the esophagus and stomach. Reflux is the result of poor coordination between the organs of the upper digestive system. Some children have acid reflux can be caused by abnormal anatomy of the esophagus. Reflux may also occur when the stomach is full, and the child coughs, shouts, or scat, thereby increasing the pressure on the stomach. During an attack of acid reflux child feels discomfort and cries as stomach acid into the esophagus and causes irritation.
Most of the children suffering from acid reflux, symptoms appear within the first week. It slows the growth of the child's disorder and weight gain. If your baby spits up often and uncomfortable during meals, perhaps the reason for this is gastroesophageal reflux. Children often grow over time acid reflux. To control this disorder Parents are encouraged to feed the baby more dense food. After consuming a thick porridge baby cries less and less burps. It is also recommended to keep the baby upright after feeding - you can not put the baby on the back to change a diaper. When reflux is recommended that breast-feeding.
To reduce the secretion of gastric juice pediatrician assigns medication. Some drugs improve the stomach and digestive system that substantially reduces the manifestations of acid reflux in children. Timely medication is very important in the treatment of reflux in children. Since the drugs are better absorbed in the body of young children sometimes need to increase the frequency of ingestion. Sometimes the treatment is prescribed antacid reflux (antacids), such as ranitidine
Ranitidine - help in the prevention of relapse of peptic ulcer
, Famotidine, and nizatidine. If your child is allergic to a particular drug or its components, you must replace it with a hypoallergenic means.
Silent Reflux in Children
Acid reflux in children is not always accompanied by regurgitation. Sometimes children ingest food flows back from the stomach, and sometimes is not enough for the amount of food regurgitation. However, such attacks of acid reflux are very harmful to the esophagus. Silent acid reflux can be a cause for concern if the child does not receive the required amount of nutrients and therefore grow poorly and not gaining weight. Among the instrumental methods of diagnostics of the most informative are twenty-four hour pH-meter and functional diagnostic tests. Reflux is aggravated by allergies. In some cases, food from the stomach into the lungs that leads to chronic cough and asthma.
Diagnosing acid reflux in children
X-ray of the esophagus and stomach using barium - a diagnostic procedure in which a child swallows a small amount of barium, which is getting into the digestive tract, outlines the contours of the esophagus, throat and intestines that gives the physician the opportunity to watch the journey of food in the stomach. However, this procedure helps to identify the causes of reflux, only if the child is experiencing a bout of reflux during radiography. Alternatively, this diagnostic procedure is not child is given barium swallow and radioactive solution, and then using the determined X-ray frequency of attacks reflux. Endoscopy (a diagnostic method for the study of internal organs with the help of optical lighting) helps to better examine the oral cavity, esophagus and stomach of the child and identify the causes of reflux.
Symptoms of acid reflux in children
The main symptoms of acid reflux in children - a slight weight gain or rapid weight loss. A child suffering from acid reflux, do not always appear the symptoms. In fact, in the case of silent acid reflux disorder is very difficult to diagnose at an early stage. Symptoms of acid reflux in children occur during feeding, and the rest of the time, they are practically invisible.
- Frequent attacks of breathlessness
- Burning in the chest
- Excessive salivation
- Constant hiccups
- Difficulty swallowing, gagging, choking
- Rough voice
- Aversion to food
- Chronic ear infections
To reduce the symptoms of reflux is recommended to stimulate the baby repeated regurgitation during feeding. Try during feeding not press down on the baby's stomach, it is also desirable to reduce the portion of feeding and increase its frequency.