Dysplastic scoliosis is also known as discogenic, since it is based on loss of communication between the vertebrae and intervertebral discs and disc displacement. The disease is hereditary and is associated with abnormal development of connective tissue. Recently, according to the number of clinical studies of dysplasia increases.
Dysplastic scoliosis - the causes of
Dysplastic scoliosis - a lateral curvature of the spine in the background dysplastic syndrome. The latter is a varying degree of pronounced features (or pathology) of the connective tissue. And as the connective tissue in a certain amount is present in all bodies, and the manifestations of dysplastic syndrome can be very different.
So, in the spine during dysplastic syndrome, disturbed metabolism
Improves metabolism and losing weight without dieting
in the intervertebral discs, which normally are dampers at different loads on the spine. As a result of disrupted communication between the vertebral bodies and intervertebral discs, and the discs themselves displaced. Along with the disk closer to the convex side of the curvature of the displaced and the nucleus pulposus (normally it is located in the center of the spinal column). This leads to the primary tilt vertebrae, muscle tension of the body, the development of secondary distortions and scoliosis.
Bone tissue is a type of connective tissue, so dysplastic scoliosis is often associated with such anomalies of the skeletal system as spina bifida and other.
Causes of dysplastic syndrome have not been established definitively, particularly the development of connective tissue is usually transmitted by inheritance.
Symptoms of dysplastic scoliosis
Dysplastic scoliosis usually manifests in early childhood with three to six years. Initially, the disease does not manifest itself (dysplastic scoliosis of 1 degree), but over time the load on the spine is strengthened and there is curvature of the spine, visible to the eye.
Dysplastic scoliosis of 2 degrees is characterized by the fact that the arc of curvature of the spine increases and can reach 30˚, there is an asymmetry of the trunk (still slightly visible) in the form of unequal height of the shoulder girdle, different levels of protruding blades, light stoop
Stoop - strengthens the muscles of the right
. But the main difference between dysplastic scoliosis of 2 degrees
Scoliosis 2 degrees - correction of spinal deformity
It is the beginning of a vertical twisting (torsion) of the vertebrae concerned.
When dysplastic scoliosis 3-4 extent shaped rib hump (it is especially noticeable when bending backwards), is skewed pelvis, shortening of one of the limbs and so on. In addition, at these stages of the disease patients are often concerned about pain in the back, aggravated by physical effort. And in the case where there is impairment of the spinal cord or spinal nerve roots develop numerous neurological symptoms as acute pain along nerve disorders and movement sensitivity.
Diagnosis and treatment of dysplastic scoliosis
The diagnosis is made by examination of traumatologist orthopaedist and confirmed by radiographic examination of the spine. In some cases, additional studies administered in the form of computer or magnetic resonance imaging.
Treatment of dysplastic scoliosis can be conservative and surgical. Conservative treatment is effective only when the 1-2 degrees of dysplastic scoliosis. The primary goal of conservative treatment is to create normal conditions for the growth and development of the child's spine - in this case, the body will be able to eliminate the beginning scoliosis
Scoliosis - when the spine is curved
. Therefore, the child is recommended to follow the correct mode of the day (to avoid strenuous exercise, long-term presence in the forced position - it needs to do fizkultpauzy) rational to eat, sit at a table, and a corresponding increase in sleep on a hard bed.
Conservative treatment should be carried out during the time of formation of the child's skeleton. Prescribe a course of medical gymnastics, massage sessions are recommended on specially selected trainers, swimming. Matters also wear special orthopedic corset, appointment physiotherapy (electrical muscle okolopozvonchnyh sinusoadalno - simulated currents, magnetic therapy, etc.), medical treatment, affecting the metabolism (the appointment of vitamin-mineral complexes, chondroprotectors).
Surgical treatment is carried out at 3-4 degree dysplastic scoliosis. The goal is to eliminate the maximum possible deformation of the spine and stop progression of scoliosis.