Sirdalud - a drug that is used to relieve muscle spasms in various neurological diseases. Drugs such action is called muscle relaxants. They help to relax the skeletal muscles and the cavity or partially recover the amount of active and passive movements, lost due to illness.
What muscle relaxants
Muscle relaxants - is medicaments which reduce skeletal muscle tone and causing therefore decreased motor activity. There are muscle relaxants central and peripheral actions. Muscle relaxants peripherally acting blocking the transmission of nerve impulses to the muscle fibers. Muscle relaxants centrally acting cause relaxation of skeletal muscles by inhibiting the transfer of excitation in the synapses of the central nervous system.
Muscle relaxants are used in various medical fields in order to reduce the tone of skeletal muscles. So, peripherally acting muscle relaxants are used for full relaxation throughout the skeletal muscles during endotracheal anesthesia, with seizures that occur in tetanus.
Central muscle relaxants reduce locomotor activity, but do not cause complete immobilization, and do not affect the neuromuscular transmission or direct excitability of skeletal muscle. This allows you to use them without suppressing the activity of the muscles involved in breathing. Such drugs are used in diseases involving pathological increase in skeletal muscle tone, for example, cerebral and spinal paralysis, spasmodic torticollis. Muscle relaxants centrally acting is also used in muscle contractions (persistent particulars joints due to soft tissue or nerves), traumatic or inflammatory origin.
Application sirdalud for various pain syndromes
Pain accompanies many diseases, especially diseases of the spine and joints. It may be functional disorders of the spine (cervical and lumbar syndromes), inflammatory and metabolic diseases of the joints, conditions after surgery on the spine or joint pain, severe chronic neurological diseases such as multiple sclerosis
Multiple sclerosis - whether in remission?
, Chronic myelopathy.
The cause of pain syndromes may be different pathological processes, but they are made worse by stiffness (rigidity, caused by muscle tension), and muscle spasm, which is a defensive reaction of the body and is always accompanied by pain in the spine and joints. Pain, stiffness, muscle spasm and limitation of movement are closely connected with each other and mutually influence each other.
To remove or reduce the increased muscle tone muscle relaxants are appointed, which will not only relieve muscle spasm, and reduce pain, prevent contractures and facilitate the emergence of the possibility of restorative treatment in the form of massage, physiotherapy and therapeutic exercises. The decrease in muscle tone helps to increase range of motion in the spine and joints.
One of the modern centrally acting muscle relaxant is sirdalud that inhibits the release of excitatory amino acids in the synapses (local transmission of nerve excitation cells per cell). This leads to the removal of muscle spasm and reduce stiffness. This sirdalud not cause reduction in muscle strength (which distinguishes it from other centrally acting muscle relaxants), so he was appointed as a case of acute painful muscle spasms and chronic spastic states against the background of various neurological diseases. The drug has a private analgesic effect and increases the analgesic effect of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). In addition, he has a slight sedative effect, which is important for pain syndromes.
Doses are selected individually depending on the disease and condition of the patient. It is often prescribed in combination with NSAIDs, which reinforces the analgesic effect. Furthermore, sirdalud reduces the side effects of NSAIDs, such as irritant effect of these drugs on the mucous membrane of the stomach - is a very important property, since patients with chronic pain syndromes years obtained NSAIDs, which leads to diseases such as erosive gastritis and peptic ulcer .
Removing spasm and pain helps to improve blood supply to the tissues, as a spasm, and is removed from the blood vessels. As a result, the lesion improves metabolic processes that promotes healing or improve the patient's condition.
As patients carry sirdalud
Sirdalud generally well tolerated, including advanced age, long-term use in high doses. Sometimes the side effects (often with the use of large doses of drug) appear sleep disturbances
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, Confusion, decreased concentration, dizziness, dry mouth, fatigue, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain
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, Lowering blood pressure
Blood pressure - dangerous if his swing?
, Slowing heart rate, sometimes - liver dysfunction.
Cancel sirdalud gradually as rapid abolition may lead to an increase in muscle tone.