- Cervical osteochondrosis - the lot of office workers
- What to do
Harmful if cervical osteochondrosis? How dangerous cervical osteochondrosis? Unlike other parts of the spine osteochondrosis cervical osteochondrosis
Osteochondrosis - learn how to properly distribute the weight
fraught with impaired blood supply to the brain stem, and the medulla oblongata, which are vital centers - vasomotor and respiratory. In violation of the blood supply to brain tissue will receive less oxygen, which can cause failure of the vital centers, and this will lead to a cessation of breathing
Stop breathing (apnea) during sleep - upper airway obstruction
or cardiac activity.
What other complications can occur with cervical osteochondrosis? First of all, it is the neurological complications associated with compression of spinal nerves:
shoulder-scapular periarthritis (more correctly, shoulder-shoulder periarthrosis) - degenerative degenerative disorders associated with permanent injuries to the nerve innervating the area of shoulder joint; disease is manifested by pain in the shoulder joint, worse at night, especially in the lateral position, radiating to the neck and arm; pain aggravated by a show of hands or by the institution of her back; severely restricted movement in the shoulder joint, atrophy (shrinking) the muscles of the shoulder and shoulder blade, reduced the sensitivity of the skin in the upper extremity and shoulder blades, there are paresthesias - formication, tingling and so on;
epicondylitis - similar violations in the epicondyle of the elbow; It shows constant and increases with the slightest movement of the hand pain; gradually develop muscle weakness.
The consequences of cervical degenerative disc disease can be very serious, so it is important to quickly identify and begin to treat this disease.
Diagnosis of cervical degenerative disc disease
How to identify cervical osteochondrosis? To do this, you need to consult a doctor, a neurologist and a complete examination. Based on the survey and examination of the patient doctor makes a preliminary diagnosis and then refer patients for further examination.
The main method of screening on cervical osteochondrosis is a radiography of the spine in the frontal and lateral projections, which is conducted with the patient standing or lying down, and in flexion, extension, and lateral tilt. If necessary, a study is complemented by imaging of the affected spine. In radiography can see a reduction of the distances between the vertebrae (decrease in the volume of the intervertebral disc) and bony outgrowths fixing spine and changes its correct position.
In addition, apply these radiographic techniques such as discography (kernel disk is introduced contrast agent, and detects changes in the discs), myelography (a contrast agent is injected into the spinal canal and revealed his narrowing, disc hernia, adhesions), airmyelography (into the spinal canal instead of contrast material air is introduced, after which takes pictures revealed the same abnormality as that of myelography), angiography (a contrast agent is injected into the carotid artery - detected vertebral compression or basilar artery).
Computed tomography (CT) allows one to clearly see the body of the vertebrae, soft tissue, intervertebral discs, ligaments, blood vessels. CT clearly visible gaps circuits disk compression of nerve roots, deformation of the spinal dura mater.
One of the most effective methods of investigation and a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), which allows you to clearly see the intervertebral discs, nerve roots, blood vessels.
To study the functional state of neuromuscular systems performed electromyography (EMG), for the study of the state of the brain vessels - rheoencephalography (REG) and electroencephalography (EEG) - the last two studies must be conducted with the syndrome of the vertebral artery.