The pill: side effects - something to be feared?

February 15th, 2012

 birth control pills
 Currently, as a method of contraception, women are increasingly resorting to accept birth control pills. Despite its relatively high efficiency, which reaches 100%, the use of contraceptive pills are not devoid of side effects. That is why some women are categorically refuse to take them.

There are many myths associated with so-called side effects of contraceptive pills. These include, for example, include the development of infertility, menstrual disorders, and much more. But actually it's not so terrible, and expressed negative consequences depends on the proper selection and admission of the drug suitable for the individual woman. Furthermore, the severity of side effects depends on the dose indirect hormones contained in the pill.

 The pill: side effects - something to be feared?

Types of birth control pills

Before we talk about the side effects of birth control pills, you should remember their classification:

 The pill: side effects - something to be feared?

Oral contraceptives combined

The structure of combined hormonal pills include estrogen Estrogen - the key to bone health  Estrogen - the key to bone health
   and progestogen. Depending on the amount of hormone contained they are divided into:

  • mikrodozirovannye tablets;
  • low-dose pills;
  • vysokodozirovannye tablets (used for therapeutic purposes).

In turn, combined contraceptives are divided into: monophasic, two- and three-phase tablet.

 The pill: side effects - something to be feared?


The composition of the mini-pill, or non-hybrid tablets include one component - progestogen and its dose is minimal.

 The pill: side effects - something to be feared?

Side effects of combined oral contraceptives

Side effects of combination oral contraceptives develop because they contain the estrogenic component. Can develop the following effects:

  • Amenorrhea

In the absence of menstruation is first necessary to exclude pregnancy. This may be due to the violation of the rules of taking the pills. It is also possible absence of menstruation after the abolition of the drug, which is taken more than two years or if these tablets are not suitable for women. Additionally, some drugs interact with hormonal pills and reduce their contraceptive effect.

  • Intermenstrual bleeding

The emergence of intermenstrual bleeding is possible in the first three months after you start taking hormone pills. They are generally not abundant and do not last for more than seven days.

  • Weight Gain

Sometimes when taking the combined contraceptive there is some weight gain. This is primarily due to the estrogen component of the pill, which causes fluid retention in the body and leads to the development of edema. Another mechanism for improving body weight gain associated with appetite. In this case it is necessary to monitor the quality and quantity of food intake.

  • Bleeding gums

In case of increased bleeding gums How to prevent bleeding gums: important rules  How to prevent bleeding gums: important rules
   (which again is associated with estrogen) is necessary with special care to brush your teeth and carry out regular massage the gums.

  • Increased blood pressure

We do not recommend using combined contraceptives for women suffering from hypertension. If this happens, you should regularly monitor your blood pressure.

  • Depression

Development or worsening of depressive states in the presence of depression Depression - a little more than a bad mood  Depression - a little more than a bad mood
   They are frequent companions of hormonal pills.

  • Headaches, migraines, leg cramps

Also, refer to a fairly common side effect.

  • Thromboembolic complications

Thromboembolic complications develop due to blood clots while taking hormonal contraceptives. They especially susceptible women with diseases of the liver, blood and smoke and are over 35 years old.

 The pill: side effects - something to be feared?

Side effects of minipill

Side effects mini-pill less pronounced, but nevertheless they exist:

  • strengthening of menstrual bleeding;
  • disruption of the menstrual cycle (occurrence of intermenstrual bleeding);
  • jaundice;
  • the emergence of severe pain in the abdomen;
  • the emergence of headaches;
  • Candida vaginitis development Colpitis - take a lot of trouble  Colpitis - take a lot of trouble
  • blurred vision;
  • occurrence of allergic reactions.

Anna Sozinova

Article Tags:
  • birth control pills

Contraceptive injection - used cautiously

December 11, 2008

 Contraceptive injections
   Like oral contraceptives, contraceptive injections suppress ovulation Ovulation - How to determine as accurately as possible?  Ovulation - How to determine as accurately as possible?
 . These hormonal agents whose efficiency reaches 99, 7% are over twelve weeks. The name of such a contraceptive - Depot metoksiprogesteron acetate. The most famous are considered injections Depo Provera.

 Contraceptive injection - used cautiously

Depo Provera

Depo-Provera - is an injection of the hormone progesterone prolonged action. Contain high levels of progesterone injections suppress ovulation. Thickened under the influence of hormones, cervical mucus inhibits sperm motility. The action of the hormone begins immediately after the injection, Depo appointed in the first five days of the menstrual cycle The days of the menstrual cycle: Four phases  The days of the menstrual cycle: Four phases

Such injections are effective for women who for whatever reason can not take estrogen Estrogen - the key to bone health  Estrogen - the key to bone health
 . At their reception decreases the amount of menstrual blood, it decreases the risk of anemia. Furthermore, hormonal injections reduces the risk of endometrial cancer, ovarian and inflammatory diseases. Depo can appoint and women during lactation.

Depo Provera is not recommended for long-term use because it has a number of side effects, including acyclic bleeding. Some women complain of an increase in the monthly period, the occurrence of depression, irritation of the skin, weight gain, nausea. Other hair loss is observed or, alternatively, the excess of their growth, decreased libido. According to numerous studies, women taking Depo Provera, may experience a decrease in bone density, which greatly increases the risk of osteoporosis.

Thus, when using this method of contraception, women should take calcium supplements and observe motor mode. With regard to interaction with other drugs, the receiving Depo Provera reduces the effectiveness of medications prescribed for the treatment of Cushing's syndrome. In addition, the hormone injections do not protect against sexually transmitted infections by. When you remove the drug for some women fertility returns immediately.

 Contraceptive injection - used cautiously

Hormone injections

Hormonal injections are not recommended for women who are planning a pregnancy in the near future, as well as those who suffer from disorders of the menstrual cycle. If you have diabetes or liver disease administered with caution, the woman should be under a doctor's supervision.

The cost of hormone injections - $ 30- $ 75. In private clinics services hormonal contraception more expensive than in family planning centers. Taking such injections should be to pay special attention to such phenomena as the sudden yellowing of the skin, sclera, severe abdominal pain, or the appearance of seals in the mammary gland The seal in the breast - a cause for concern  The seal in the breast - a cause for concern
 . If you notice one of these symptoms, consult a doctor immediately.

Article Tags:
  • contraception