Despite the presence of a large selection of contraceptives, abortion is still valid. Recently there were drugs that could interrupt early pregnancy without surgery. Use them yourself is not recommended, but in the hands of a specialist such drugs can be an excellent tool for termination of pregnancy. During pregnancy, actively produce female hormones that contribute to the development and preservation of the fetus in the uterus. Thus, progesterone
Progesterone - norm and pathology
It causes changes in the uterus, readying it for implantation embryo progestational activity inhibiting uterine musculature.
Currently developed drugs that block the production of progesterone. This causes destruction of the capillaries in the endometrium, resulting in rejected mucosa. At the same time this drug increases the concentration of prostaglandins that cause muscle contraction of the uterus and expulsion of the fetus from the uterus. Active contraction of the uterus with the simultaneous opening of the cervix helps the additional administration of prostaglandins, which is held at 1, 5-2 days after administration of the drug to induce abortion.
Medical termination of pregnancy may be complicated by heavy bleeding, which is especially dangerous if a woman is at home. In addition, the fertilized egg can not move and then require surgical intervention.
What penkrofton and how it works
Penkrofton (international non-proprietary name mifepristone) - antiprogesteronnoe is a tool that promotes the binding of progesterone, that is, the process of disabling its hormonal effects on the pregnant uterus.
Used penkrofton for abortion up to 42 days. After ingestion under medical supervision miscarriage should occur within 14 days. This should be confirmed by ultrasound examination and blood hormone (human chorionic gonadotropin - hCG, which appears during pregnancy and disappears when it is interrupted).
Indications for use penkroftona a medical abortion
Medication abortion: take a pill and get the problem
up to 6 weeks.
Contraindications for use
Penkrofton is not a harmless drug, for its reception has a number of contraindications:
- Hypersensitivity to the drug;
- irregular menstrual cycle, uterine fibroids, endometriosis;
- ectopic pregnancy;
- the scars on the uterus;
- anemia (anemia);
- severe diseases of internal organs (kidney or liver failure, severe diseases of the cardiovascular system, asthma and others.);
- age 18 and after 35 years, and smoking;
- the use of an intrauterine device or hormonal contraceptives for less than three months prior to conception.
Among the side effects of the drug have quite serious, such as uterine bleeding. Furthermore, there may disturb the discomfort and pain in the abdomen
Abdominal pain: when to sound the alarm?
, Uterine infection and urinary tract infection (infection can get from the external genitalia), weakness, headache, dizziness, fever, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea.
How is medication abortion
Medical termination of pregnancy is carried out only after a thorough examination (gynecological, laboratory, ultrasound), as some diseases are contraindications for this type of intervention.
After receiving tablets penkroftona woman is under medical supervision for two hours and then goes home. A few hours later she appeared spotting
Spotting - it is important to rule out pathology
. After 48 hours at the doctor's a woman takes pills prostaglandin there for three or four hours, and then also goes home. Secretions become more abundant (like a normal menstrual period), removes the fetus from the uterus. Spotting can last up to two weeks, followed by ultrasound to check the results of medical abortion.
The can end medical abortion
Medical abortion is currently a great alternative to other forms of abortion in the early stages, as a gentle method, flows relatively painless and eliminates the possibility of infection. Its effectiveness is more than 98%.
However, there are cases of ongoing pregnancy, incomplete expulsion of the ovum, bleeding requiring surgical intervention.
Pregnancy - is a serious operation, which can always give a complication, no matter how reliable was the method used. All possible complications may provide notice in time or a doctor. That's why drugs such as penkrofton, available only by prescription.