Women after 35 years begins to gradually decrease the secretion of female hormones estrogen. Estrogens promote the development of the body of the female type, maintain the good condition of the skin and its appendages (hair and nails), and a positive effect on all the other organs and systems. Reduction of estrogen leads to an aging woman.
The action of hormonal contraceptives on a woman's body
All modern hormonal contraceptives are combined, they contain synthetic or natural analogues of both female hormones - estrogen and progesterone. A large number of sex hormones affects the allocation of pituitary hormones - is reduced. And since under the influence of pituitary hormones matures the egg and ovulation
Ovulation - How to determine as accurately as possible?
This process is inhibited, the egg is not released from the ovary and fertilization occurs.
In addition, hormonal contraceptives cause effects such as thickening of the mucus of the cervical canal (it does not pass into the uterus sperm) and changing the status of the uterine mucosa (fertilized ovum it difficult to implement).
Current hormonal contraceptives usually contain a minimum dose of hormones that can suppress the secretion of pituitary hormones. Therefore, they are usually very well tolerated and produce few side effects.
Today, we try to produce hormonal contraceptives for different ages. The hormonal contraceptives for very young women (lindinet 20 Jess) they contain less estrogen (in young women and so they generated sufficient) which are able to increase the weight of the body and cause edema (which can further enhance the symptoms, such as premenstrual syndrome) .
For women over 35 years old are available hormonal contraceptives containing more estrogen (lindinet 30 klayra, Janine
Jeanine - not only contraception but also protection against acne
, Yasmin), which have a positive effect on a woman's body at this age.
The composition of this monophase hormonal (all dosage tablets contain the same hormones, which creates one phase of the menstrual cycle) combined contraceptive estrogen include ethinyl estradiol analogue at a dose of 30 mg progesterone analogue and gestodene in a dose of 75 micrograms. In addition to the relatively high content of estrogen (30 mcg, 20 mcg against Lindinet 20 and Jess) lindinet 30 different active synthetic analogue of progesterone, which is superior in activity as natural progesterone
Progesterone - norm and pathology
And the other of its synthetic analogues, can therefore be used in smaller doses - this reduces the possibility of side effects.
Lindinet 30 is assigned as to the purpose of contraceptive and therapeutic. He shows, for example, a tendency to bleeding woman. Of course, this drug can only be assigned to fully examined women, including those with an established cause of bleeding. Independently, without a doctor's recommendation and a preliminary examination of women can not take it. Proizvolitel this hormonal kntratseptiva - Hungarian pharmaceutical company Gedeon Richter.
It is also a low-dose combined hormonal contraceptive. But unlike lindinet 30, Yasmin, Janine, regulon and some other low-dose oral contraceptive for older women, it is a four-phase, i.e. comprises four kinds of tablets with the hormones to different dosage and another kind of tablets, which do not contain hormones (placebo) . This reduces the dosage of hormones, which, respectively, and reduces the incidence of side effects.
Another feature klayry is that it is composed of not synthetic, and natural analogue of estrogen - estradiol valerate. This preparation gives significantly fewer complications from liver than synthetic analogs of progesterone. Contained in klayre synthetic analogue of progesterone dienogest has some anti-androgenic properties. Perfectly complementing each other, these drugs have a positive effect on metabolism
Improves metabolism and losing weight without dieting
Lowering blood concentration of low-density lipoprotein, which lead to the formation of atherosclerosis.
Indications and contraindications klayry are the same as in the rest of similar drugs. Side effects of this drug provides very rarely, but still in front of his adaptations must be examined. Releases klayru German pharmaceutical concern Schering.
Women after 35 years is especially important to take hormonal contraceptives as intended and under medical supervision, because with age, the number of contraindications to taking these drugs increases.