Herpes - a virus creeping - on the skin

January 20, 2014

  • Herpes - a virus creeping
  • The skin
  • Diagnostics

 cold sores on the skin

Herpes skin

The skin can be caused by herpes, HSV-I, and varicella zoster so. Herpes simplex virus Herpes simplex - in fact, not so simple  Herpes simplex - in fact, not so simple
   often causes damage to the face, while the varicella zoster virus - skin lesions on the body. But it could be the other way around, so sometimes difficult to distinguish between the clinical appearance of herpes, caused by these two types of infectious agents.

Cold sores on the skin accompanied by redness and swelling of the skin and the appearance of her characteristic grouped blisters. Herpes rash on the skin usually located hike nerves. Therefore, the pain of herpes on the skin are very common. No less typical and itching with herpes. After the acute inflammatory process does not stain the skin are sometimes herpes - brown or white, which are gradually, over weeks or months.

When herpes zoster Shingles and chickenpox - from the same pathogen  Shingles and chickenpox - from the same pathogen
   often the skin over the affected intercostal nerves. On the face of herpes can affect the skin along the fibers of the trigeminal nerve in the forehead, upper or lower jaw. Often affects the skin in the ear and behind the ear. In children and people with reduced immunity such a defeat can go to the shell and brain tissue with the development of meningitis (which happen more often) and meningoencephalitis (rare).

Chronic cold sores on the skin can often recur, causing severe pain, this is especially characteristic for the elderly. Increased immunity with herpes on the skin leads to a reduction in the frequency and duration of relapses.


Manifestations of herpes caused by HSV-II

Herpes is caused by herpes simplex virus type II, manifested in the form of herpes sores on the skin and mucous membranes of the genitals, perineum and inner thighs. Infection with the herpes view comes with the beginning of sexual activity. Primary herpes appears heavier than a relapse of a chronic infection.

In primary herpes disease can develop several days after exposure (the incubation period lasts from two days to three weeks). The patient may increase the temperature, there is a fever, malaise, headache. Against this background, the mucous membranes and skin appear redness, swelling, and typical of herpes blisters. Once bubbles burst, formed a very painful erosion. Primary infection can last up to three weeks.

After HSV-II is ingested, the infection becomes chronic. Whether in this case there are relapses of the disease and how often depends on the immunity of the patient. In most cases of genital herpes recurrences develop in the first year after infection, and then become more rare.

If a person has good immunity, the herpes after infection may not manifest itself in any way, and such a person may not be aware of the presence of his infection.


Complications Herpes

How dangerous herpes? Very dangerous complication of herpes infection is transferred on the cornea. Evolving with the keratitis (inflammation of the cornea) may result in partial or complete loss of vision. Hearing impairment in developing herpes in the ear as possible. But the most serious complication of herpes infection is to move on the central nervous system - meningitis and encephalitis, which rarely occur without consequences.

Complication of shingles is postherpetic neuralgia often - severe pain of different nature (constant aching, sharp cutting paroxysmal and so on) in the course of the nerve concerned. Pain associated with disturbances arising in the nerve and usually develop at the wrong time or the designated inadequate treatment of herpes zoster Treatment of herpes zoster - the main thing is not to miss the right moment  Treatment of herpes zoster - the main thing is not to miss the right moment

Sometimes the skin and mucous membranes is held some time after the itching herpes.

How dangerous is often recurrent herpes? First of all, often recurrent herpes said that the patient's immune system is unable to protect him from the virus - somewhere there is a "failure."

Therefore, in the treatment of recurrent herpes often focuses on the identification of causes of decline in immunity and broken links. If you do not, and do not remove, the recurrent herpes can cause serious disturbances in the body. Genital herpes is especially dangerous - it can spread to the internal genital organs, causing prolonged inflammation, the result of which will be male and female infertility Female infertility - whether all known to science?  Female infertility - whether all known to science?

Psoriasis - alarm the immune system - Forms

December 18, 2013

  • Psoriasis - immune system alarm
  • Shapes
  • Severe
  • Causes
  • How to start
  • Self-treatment
  • Forum

 forms of psoriasis


What is psoriasis? The most typical manifestation of this disease is a rash. There are many forms or types of psoriasis. The most common form is a simple psoriasis vulgaris, which, depending on the size of individual lesions may be guttate or nummular (plaque). There are also "reverse", seborrheic, exudative form of simple psoriasis, psoriasis of palms and soles, nail psoriasis Nail psoriasis - a difficult problem  Nail psoriasis - a difficult problem
 , Warty and papillomatous forms of psoriasis, psoriasis of the mucous membranes.

For severe psoriasis are joint psoriasis, pustular psoriasis Pustular psoriasis - a severe form of the disease  Pustular psoriasis - a severe form of the disease
   and erythrodermic psoriasis.


Simple or vulgar psoriasis

How does this form of psoriasis? The rash of psoriasis can have a different character, on the basis of isolated and coin-drop-shaped form of a simple psoriasis.

Coin-psoriasis - the most common form of psoriasis, which appears as a typical scaly papules - raised above the skin surface of the skin covered by silvery-white scales. Papules coalesce into larger plaques that form different figures that occupy vast areas of the body. Favourite localization of plaques are extensor surface of the extremities (elbows, knees).

There is a "reverse" psoriasis when the rash is localized in the flexor surface of the limbs and skin folds. Eruptions in this case most often take the form of red spots with little peeling on the surface. This form of psoriasis often develop in folds of the skin in the groin, armpit, on the inner thighs, under the enlarged belly and breasts. The aggravation of the disease is often associated with trauma to the skin friction, sweating, or the development of her fungal and bacterial infections.

Droplet or spot psoriasis of the skin appears as a large number of small, raised above the surface of healthy skin, red-purple spot or drop-shaped rash. Drop psoriasis - psoriasis is on the body, sometimes it covers the entire surface. Often, the primary and the appearance of psoriasis develops after streptococcal infection.

One form of psoriasis vulgaris is exudative psoriasis Exudative psoriasis - one of the dangerous consequences of the cold  Exudative psoriasis - one of the dangerous consequences of the cold
 . In this form, along with a typical scaling impurities resulting exudate cheshuykokorochki appear yellowish-gray color, which sometimes have conical, ustritseobrazny views.

Often found seborrheic psoriasis Seborrheic psoriasis - correct diagnosis is important  Seborrheic psoriasis - correct diagnosis is important
 At which precipitation apply to so-called seborrheic sites (psoriasis on the chest, back into the interscapular region, the scalp, face). Eruptions thus have a yellowish color, no scales. Is it possible to hair loss in psoriasis of the scalp? Normally psoriasis does not affect hair growth, hair loss is most often associated with some other reasons.

Psoriasis of palms and soles is more common in middle-aged persons engaged in physical labor. There are patchy, fan-shaped, circular, horny and calloused form.

Nail psoriasis occurs predominantly on the hands and is often associated with damage to the joints. Plates nails are affected in the form of a thimble. In severe cases, the nail plate is completely separated from the bed, from the free edge, around which formed a yellowish-brown border.


The most characteristic features of psoriatic lesions

For psoriatic lesions in the skin of all forms of the disease is characterized by the following triad of symptoms:

  • The symptom of stearin spot - with their surface poskablivanii rash resembles stearic spot.
  • Symptom terminal film - after papules scraped from the surface of all scales, opens shines a very thin film.
  • Symptom bloody dew - in violation of the integrity of the thin film by its careful poskablivanii appear on the surface point drop of blood.

Characteristic features are peculiar and development of psoriatic lesions, which are three stages: progressive, stationary and retrogressive. But sometimes one and the same patient can be seen rashes that are simultaneously in three different stages.

Progressive stage distinguishes the appearance of new lesions, bright pink papules surrounded by a bright and saturated neshelushaschimsya slightly vague rim, itching and appearance of fresh rash at the site of skin irritation (for example, when combing - Koebner phenomenon). Any inflammatory diseases of the skin caused by irritation (dermatitis) will also contribute to the emergence of fresh rash, dermatitis and psoriasis therefore be mutually reinforcing.

For the stationary phase is characterized by the suspension of the progression of the process - he seems to be all the time in a single pore.

During regressing stage color papules and plaques pale, their infiltration decreases and elements rashes start to dissolve. If the process starts in the middle and goes toward the periphery, the annular shape formed. Sometimes the process of resorption is in the opposite direction - from the periphery to the center to form around the plaque whitish border - psevdoatroficheskogo rim. In place of the missing white depigmented lesions formed spots - psevdoleykoderma or psoriatic Leucoderma (leucoderma - a neuroendocrine disorder characterized by the appearance of the skin, deprived of pigmentation). Itch at this stage no Koebner phenomenon has also been observed.


Rare forms of psoriasis

A rare form of psoriasis vulgaris are warty and papillomatous that can sometimes degenerate into malignant tumors.

Very rare bullous form of psoriasis, which occurs always acute. Thus on the skin along with the typical psoriatic papules bubbles appear in different sizes.

It is extremely rare psoriasis mucous membranes. Psoriasis can occur on the lips, amazed as the hard palate, tongue, at least - the cheeks, eyelids, conjunctiva and cornea eye, the ear drum, the urethra and bladder. At the same time on the skin of patients also appear typical of psoriatic lesions.