Seborrhea - a violation of the sebaceous glands - What is seborrhea and why it occurs
November 23, 2008
- Seborrhea - a violation of the sebaceous glands
- What is seborrhea and why it occurs
What is seborrhea and why it occurs
Seborrhea - a change in the normal skin condition, which is caused by increased release of sebum by the sebaceous glands chemically modified. Seborrhea occurs most frequently between the ages of 12 to 24 years. The reason for it - the nervous and endocrine disorders occurring in puberty
Puberty child - stages of a complex path
. Because of age-related changes pituitary function (a gland in the brain) and sex glands in both men and women increased blood levels of male sex hormones, one of which is the result of increased proliferation and secretion of the sebaceous glands of skin. This changes the chemical composition, consistency, biological properties of fat, disturbed its normal excretion from the sebaceous glands.
Factors contributing to the development of seborrhea
Contribute to the development of seborrhea and aggravate it for diseases of the gastrointestinal tract (gastritis, ulcers, colitis, etc.), chronic foci of infection (chronic tonsillitis, sinusitis, etc.), lack of vitamins, especially A and C, as well as permanent skin contamination .
Symptoms of seborrhea
The first signs of seborrhea is a sharp increase in sebum on the face, especially in nososchechnyh folds, scalp, back, chest. The skin of these areas shines from the large amount of fat, and greasy hair, stick to the strands. The mouth of the hair follicles and the excretory ducts of the sebaceous glands are clogged sebaceous horn stopper - comedogenic.
Depending on the consistency of sebum and the nature of complications arising distinguish liquid, thick and mixed seborrhea. The liquid seborrhea is characterized by the emergence of a more liquid than normal, texture sebum and dramatically intensified sebaceous excretions. This shape is most suitable for and can occur without the occurrence of acne vulgaris. By 20-25 years of selection is usually normalized fat, acne
Acne: facial trouble
When a thick oily sebum secretion increased slightly, but more dense texture of fat prevents him free access to the surface of the skin, giving rise to numerous, including large comedones and sluggish flowing acne, which can save up to 30 years or more, causing significant scarring on skin. Mixed seborrhea is characterized by symptoms like thick liquid and seborrhea.
Some experts distinguish as dry seborrhea, but it is now established that it is not associated with an increased sebaceous excretions.
Treatment of seborrhea
In the treatment of seborrhea recommended means normalizing the function of the nervous system (valerian, bromine, etc.), strengthening the protective properties of the body, vitamins A, C and Group B. If the phenomenon seborrhea expressed or amenable to conventional therapy, the prescribed female hormones or drugs that inhibit male hormones.
When seborrhea necessarily identified and being treated chronic gastrointestinal disease and chronic foci of infection.
Outwardly in uncomplicated skin seborrhea prescribe wiping sodium thiosulfate solution, borax, soda, alum. If pustules appear on the skin (follicles), then rubbed with a variety of alcoholic solutions with antiseptics (e.g., salicyl alcohol). Showing natural (sun) and artificial ultraviolet radiation, as well as water treatment.
Terms of oily skin
Proper skin care allows to survive the transition from childhood to adulthood without acne - it is a lot. First of all, we must remember that closed comedones and acne can not be squeezed as this can cause further infection and scar formation on the skin.
Wash should be twice a day, using special means for oily skin problem. Hair also should be washed with shampoo for oily hair
Oily hair: solving the problem of excess sebum
Use decorative cosmetics can be used only if there is an inscription on it "non-comedogenic» (non-comedogenic) - which means that it does not contribute to clogging of skin pores.
Needless strongly sunbathing, which may result in burns of the skin, which will contribute to a further penetration of the infection into the skin.
To cleanse oily skin
Cleansing oily skin
can be 1-2 times a week using scrubs that help exfoliate the top layer of the skin and open the pores. Daily, 1-2 times a day, it is possible to use lotions and cleansing wipes. Only after cleansing it can be applied to the treatment medication prescribed by a doctor.
How to prevent the appearance of seborrhea?
Prevention of seborrhea is a careful personal hygiene. Those who are prone to seborrhea, recommends regular wiping skin with alcohol and aqueous solutions of disinfectants, periodic vitamin A, UV irradiation hardening of the body, treatment of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract and sanitation of chronic infection foci. In addition, it is recommended to prevent domestic and industrial contamination of the skin.
The rash on the body: the conclusions only after consultation with the doctor - Causes
January 23, 2011
- The rash on the body: the conclusions only after consultation with a doctor
Causes of rashes on the body
Rashes - a variety of changes in the skin (exanthema) and mucosal (enantemy) is the external manifestation of a disease.
Human skin is always subtly responds to the changes in the internal and external environment. One of the reactions to such changes is the appearance of the rash. The rash can appear in various skin diseases, infections, systemic connective tissue diseases, blood diseases, some chronic diseases of internal organs and intoxication. When the rash is necessary to determine the cause of its appearance, that is the correct diagnosis. Without this treatment may be ineffective.
All elements rash divided into primary and secondary. Primary cells develop on the normal skin appearance as the first visible manifestations of the disease, and secondary cells usually develop on the basis of their previous primary. The main elements of the primary rash include spot blister bubble (vesicle), bladder, pustule (abscess), papules (small bundle), tubercle, node. The secondary elements are: increased or decreased pigmentation of the skin, peeling, crack, erosion (surface violating cover), ulcer, crust, tripe, flake, atrophy (reduction in the volume of skin or mucous membrane), lichenification (thickening of the skin and increase its drawing ), vegetation (abnormal growth of tissue).
The rash on the body of infectious diseases
Many infectious diseases are accompanied by the appearance of the rash. So, varicella rash on the skin in the form of bubbles, which gradually dry up and covered with crust. After the crust is no longer in its place for some time is increased pigmentation. If the child is brushing bubbles there can get a bacterial infection and pustules appear. Large pustules leave behind scars (scars).
When scarlet fever for 1-2 days of illness skin appears pink or red rash punctulate, accompanied by some itching. Especially a lot of rashes on the skin of the lower abdomen, groin, buttocks, the inner surface of the extremities. The skin of the nose, the lips, the chin is pale. The rash lasts from 2 to 6 days, after which the skin peeling occurs on the face and body - small scales on the palms and soles - large plates.
Measles in children - may cause serious complications
maculopapular rash appears 4-5 day of illness, the rash lasts for a period of 3-4 days. The first elements of the rash appearing behind the ears, on the back of the nose in the form of small pink spots, which rapidly increase in size, are irregular in shape and sometimes merge. Then the rash spreads to the neck, trunk and extremities. Gradually rash darkens, becomes brown in color and lasts up to 7-10 days.
The rash of rubella similar to measles, it spreads as well as measles and lasts 2-3 days, the field that disappears, leaving behind pigmentation.
If meningococcal disease
Meningococcal disease: the danger you need to know in person
rash occurs in the first hours of the disease: in the background of a high body temperature and pale skin appear first elements - red spots and papules that quickly turn into irregularly shaped hemorrhage (hemorrhage), towering above the skin and tend to increase and the merger. Often this rash occurs on the legs, but may be on the trunk, face.
The rash on the body for skin diseases
The rash on the body for skin diseases can be very different, to understand its nature and causes of the doctor can only. Nevertheless, the appearance of rash can suspect a particular disease:
- Acne is caused by a bacterial infection and a red papules and pustules on the skin of the forehead, cheeks, nose, chin;
- sudamen - small dot spotty rash, occurs when excessive sweating in adults and overheating in infants;
- fungal diseases - it scaly patches located on the smooth skin and scalp; hair on the head with herpes fall or break off close to the skin surface;
- herpes simplex
Herpes simplex - in fact, not so simple
- Rash of small blisters with transparent contents to inflammation and swelling of the skin or mucous membranes;
- Psoriasis - merging variegated pink spots with flaky surface;
- scabies - a rash in the form of individual points, interconnected passages are sometimes visible intradermal; rash often located in the interdigital spaces, and is accompanied by severe itching;
- insect bites - first appearance of small red spots, which gradually increased in size, there is a burning sensation, itching and swelling.
The rash on the body in allergic diseases
In allergic diseases of the skin is very often involved in pathological process. So, the skin rash may occur - krupnopyatnistaya towering above the skin rash that is rapidly increasing in size and merge into huge areas of inflamed skin. Hives are also rapidly disappearing, as appears, without leaving a trace.
Some people have an inherent allergy - atopy, which appears in childhood atopic dermatitis, or as it was called before - exudative diathesis
Diathesis in children - an integrated approach
. The disease manifests itself in the form of an itchy rash spotted on the surface of the bubbles that appear at the beginning, and then crust, abscess and so on. With age, exudative diathesis becomes neurodermatitis with thickening and coarsening of the skin.
Any rash should consult a doctor.