- Seborrheic dermatitis - the body's overreaction
Seborrheic dermatitis - a chronic inflammatory disease of the skin associated with an increase in the amount and change the chemical composition of sebum. Seborrhea most often occurs in adolescence and young adulthood. The reason for it - the nervous and endocrine disorders occurring in puberty
Puberty child - stages of a complex path
. Because of age-related changes pituitary function (a gland in the brain) and sex glands in both men and women increased blood levels of male sex hormones, one of which is the result of increased proliferation and secretion of the sebaceous glands of skin. This changes the chemical composition, consistency, biological properties of fat, disturbed its normal excretion from the sebaceous glands. In the changed environment are beginning to breed pathogens (especially fungal microflora), which, penetrating into the skin, it causes inflammation.
The development of seborrheic dermatitis promote gastrointestinal disease, chronic foci of infection (chronic tonsillitis, sinusitis
Sinusitis - when a puncture is required
and so on), lack of vitamins, skin contamination.
The symptoms of seborrheic dermatitis
When seborrheic dermatitis of the scalp appears flaking and inflammation of the skin, accompanied by itching. On the scalp there are small white scales. This dry seborrhea, to which later joined by inflammatory changes in the skin of the scalp. Sometimes the scalp have red spots and hills covered mukovidnimi greasy scales, and in some cases - bloody crusts.
On the skin of seborrheic dermatitis can go to the head, and can start their own. The skin of the forehead, behind the ear, in the outer ear passages itching and skin irritation, dermatitis, and then join the phenomenon: the rise of reddened skin, sometimes purulent nature elements. The same elements may appear on the skin of the back, chest, hands. The facial skin, especially in the nasal folds, glistening with a large amount of fat, and greasy hair, stick to the strands. The mouth of the hair follicles and the excretory ducts of the sebaceous glands are clogged sebaceous horn stopper - comedogenic.
The treatment of seborrheic dermatitis
Treatment of seborrheic dermatitis should be carried out individually, depending on the characteristics of the disease, especially for seborrheic dermatitis of the scalp, the wrong treatment which can lead to permanent baldness. When seborrhea necessarily identified and being treated chronic gastrointestinal disease and chronic foci of infection.
Treatment of seborrheic dermatitis should include general and local funds.
Common tools include drugs, normalizing the function of the nervous system (valerian, bromine, etc.), Strengthens the protective properties of the body, vitamins A, C and Group B. If the phenomenon seborrhea expressed or amenable to conventional therapy, the prescribed female hormones or drugs that suppress male hormones.
Topically (externally) with uncomplicated seborrheic dermatitis prescribed wiping the skin sodium thiosulfate solution, borax, soda, alum. If pustules appear on the skin (follicles), then rubbed with a variety of alcoholic solutions with antiseptics (e.g., salicyl alcohol). Showing natural (sun) and artificial ultraviolet radiation, as well as water treatment.
Modern methods of treatment of seborrheic dermatitis of the scalp almost always include the antifungal therapy, use shampoos containing ketoconazole, zinc, and tar, which are used for a month at least twice a week. After treatment such shampoo used for prophylaxis once every two weeks.
Prevention of seborrheic dermatitis
Prevention of seborrheic dermatitis is a careful personal hygiene. First of all, we must remember that closed comedones and acne can not be squeezed as this can cause further infection and scar formation on the skin. Wash should be twice a day, using special means for oily skin problem. Hair also should be washed with shampoo for oily hair
Oily hair: solving the problem of excess sebum
Also recommended regular wiping skin with alcohol and aqueous solutions of disinfectants, periodic vitamin A
Vitamin A: An important element of the health and beauty
, Hardening of the body, treatment of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract and chronic foci of infection. Has beneficial effects on the skin UV rays, but do not much sunbathe, it can cause burns of the skin, which will facilitate further penetration of infection into the skin.