- Erysipelas: Beware of injuries and colds
- Sources of infection and complications
Erysipelas - an infectious disease characterized by focal inflammation of the skin or mucous membranes, fever and impaired general condition. Called mug hemolytic streptococcus group A. It is noticed that the face is often preceded by such acute streptococcal infections, such as sore throat
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Besides the usual inflammation caused by infection, while Roger joins an allergic component, which enhances the inflammation and promotes long-term recurrent course of the disease. Streptococcus affects human organs and tissues is also allocated by toxins and enzymes (substances that accelerate the chemical processes in the tissues).
Sources of infection and risk factors
Sources of hemolytic streptococcus group A - a sick people or carriers of infection, which sometimes are not aware of this. From person to person Streptococcus is transmitted to the touch (by contact) - through the hands or household objects, found and airborne route of transmission. But most of the streptococcus gets on the skin and mucous membranes of man's own foci of infection. Thus, recurrent (repeated) face is the face and the head associated with the presence of chronic infection foci - rhinitis, chronic tonsillitis
Chronic tonsillitis - inflammation of the tonsils
Otitis - than could face an ear infection
and so on.
Risk factors for the development of the faces are small injuries to the skin, colds, exacerbation of chronic diseases of the nasopharynx and skin, decreased immunity against the background of hypothermia, exhaustion and stress.
Symptoms of erysipelas
From the moment of infection until the first signs of the disease usually takes a few hours to three days - is called the incubation period. The first manifestations of erysipelas are usually general in nature, this malaise, weakness, high temperature (up to 40 °), chills, headache, pain in muscles, joints and lower back.
Topically to the skin at the site of pathogen introduction there is a feeling of burning, pain, and a small red spot, quickly occupying new areas of skin separated from the healthy skin clear boundaries and towered over her. Changed skin is tense and hot to the touch. After some time on the skin appear inflamed blisters (bullae) and hemorrhage. In response to increased inflammation of nearby lymph nodes, which are trying to contain the infection. If the inflammation is not complicated, it usually lasts one to two weeks.
What complications can begin erysipelas
Complications of erysipelas can be general and local. Common complications - the contamination of blood and transfer the infection to other organs (kidney, heart, etc.) and tissues (e.g., bone).
Local complications - this abscess (ulcers, limited capsule), cellulitis (not demarcated from the surrounding tissue abscesses), necrosis (death of tissue) of the skin, sores, blisters on the site, thrombophlebitis (inflammation of the walls of the veins).
Due to the blockage of the lymph vessels and lymph drainage disorders can appear such a complication as elephantiasis: in place of edema begins to grow connective tissue, subcutaneous tissue becomes dense, expands.
Treatment of erysipelas
Treatment depends on the shape of the faces of the disease and the degree of its manifestation. The whole complex of treatment can take anywhere from one to eight weeks. In the complex treatment of the leading place it takes antibiotics. Also, appointed antiinflammatory drugs, antiallergic agents, drugs, strengthening the walls of small blood vessels, and vitamins. Appointed as drinking plenty of fluids and drugs that reduce the toxic effect of pathogen infection.
Local treatment is usually prescribed only when a large amount of bubbles. Bubbles dissected, removed the contents and put sterile dressings with antibiotics
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. After the inflammation is reduced, appointed stimulating agents promoting tissue repair and physiotherapy (paraffin, ozokerite, electrophoresis of calcium chloride and so on).
How to prevent the aggravation of erysipelas
The main prevention faces - a lifting of immunity and treatment of all foci of infection in the body. You also need to beware of minor injuries, colds and stress. When frequent exacerbations for the prevention of disease are appointed antibiotics.
Erysipelas can proceed very long, giving a serious complication in the internal organs, so it requires a long and persistent treatment.