The skin around the eyes: your all-seeing eye
March 30, 2008
The skin around the eye protects the eye and helps us to express emotions
Emotions and culture: how to decipher the emotional code
Which are an important part of our personality. Proper skin care around the eyes have long-term benefits. Changes in the skin around the eyes, or periocular area can be functional, cosmetic and psychological consequences. Since it is in the eyes of people pay attention more often, bags, puffiness, shadows and wrinkles under the eyes can be considered sufficiently serious drawback appearance.
Thin and fragile
The skin around the eyes is 10 times thinner than the rest of the facial skin. With age, it loses its elasticity and because of the destruction of collagen becomes even thinner. Deterioration of the skin and contribute to the sun's rays, smoking, temperature, air pollution and other environmental factors. In addition, the skin around the eyes is almost constantly on the move - to take at least that the person blinks 10,000 times a day! When we laugh, smile, frowning, sad - the skin around the eyes is again in motion that eventually leads to the formation of small at first, and then the deeper wrinkles.
Swelling under the eyes can be caused by abuse of salty foods, allergic reactions and dehydration. The skin around the eye is stretched when you rub your eyes, removing make-up, inserting contact lenses and shooting
Contact lenses - whether they can completely replace the glasses?
. All this leads to that the skin begins to sag, especially in the field of very small periocular sebaceous glands and natural moisturizing as in other areas of the skin, is practically nonexistent.
To properly care for the skin around the eyes, you need to not only know how it is arranged, but also to understand how it is updated cells.
Skin age, as the skin on other parts consists of several layers. At the deepest, subcutaneous, layer is the fascia - connective tissue sheath covering the circular muscle by which the lid can be moved. The dermis forms the supporting layer of the skin; its form filamentous proteins including elastin, collagen, fibroblasts, nerve fibers and blood vessels. The top layer, the epidermis, basal cells form, melanocytes, Langerhans cells, keratinocytes, which is located above the stratum corneum, consists of dead cells.
Basal cells are updated every few days. Moving up, they become more dry and flat. By the time they are on the surface of the skin, basal cells are no longer alive; they are called corneocytes. The process of moving the basal cells in the stratum corneum renews epidermis. Young people update occurs, on average, two weeks; in people over 50 years, the process takes about 37 days. If corneocytes not peel, the skin looks dry and rough. Skin around the eyes, however, it happens very rarely.
Caring for the skin around the eyes
Caring for the skin around the eyes should be with caution. Improper care can be worse than no. The skin around the eyes in the first place, there are signs of aging, and start caring for it should be after 20 or 25 years. If you do not have wrinkles, choose a moisturizing cream for eyelids, which include vitamins and antioxidants
Antioxidants: the truth about the notorious benefits
. Regular use of these creams will help to slow the aging process of the skin
Aging Skin: The three most common problems and their solutions
It is important that creams for skin around the eyes do not contain oils. Fat cream can clog the pores, which is why the lower and upper eyelids are formed edema. It is especially important to avoid fatty creams that contact lens wearers.
If you already have wrinkles around the eyes, use anti-wrinkle cream, for example, those that contain collagen and elastin.
No less important for the good condition of the skin around the eyes healthy lifestyle. Give up smoking, limit alcohol intake, eat right, drink lots of water, get enough sleep and wearing sunglasses on a sunny day - these simple rules will help you stay beautiful for a long time.
How to treat acne - drugs and methods - Methods
October 9, 2013
- How to treat acne - drugs and methods
Methods for the treatment of acne
Panacea for acne has not yet been found, but today there are many tools for the treatment of acne. All these devices can be divided into three broad categories: topical preparations, systemic medications and treatments. The choice of treatment depends on the type and form of acne.
Mild to moderate forms of acne often can be cured with the help of OTC. Severe forms of acne, and especially - cystic acne should be treated specialist.
Most people have to try a lot of different tools for the treatment of acne
Acne Treatment - proper care of inflamed skin
Before they find something that suits them. This is normal and does not need to despair when the regular cream, lotion or ointment do not give the expected result. Remember that in the treatment of most diseases, the key to success is patience. To increase the likelihood of successful treatment, acne treatment, start with a visit to a specialist.
Consult a dermatologist
Ideally, the first place where people should be poisoned, tired of seeing in the mirror of pimples and acne - a dermatologist's office. It is much more effective than asking questions on the relevant Internet forums and seek advice from friends: the dermatologist has extensive knowledge about skin diseases and how to treat them, and can not just assign the patient an effective medicine, but also to warn of the possible mistakes that many people from make the best of intentions in the care of problem skin. For those who suffer from severe forms of acne, visiting a dermatologist is a must - with such skin problems
The most common skin problems and their solutions
OTC funds tend to be quite useless. Moreover, the self can lead to deterioration of the skin - even in cases where it seems that there's nowhere worse.
Refer to the beautician
Beautician specialized in aesthetic problems associated with the appearance of man. He is not a doctor, and not engaged in treatment of disease - it can only eliminate the outward signs of some of them. To the cosmetician should contact people who have occasional pimples and acne
Acne: facial trouble
. Such a specialist can advise you on a variety of products for the treatment of acne, to give general guidance for the care of problem skin, make deep cleaning or medical mask. Beautician has no right to prescribe prescription drugs. Sometimes dermatologists also refer patients to cosmetologists - usually for maintenance therapy, which is conducted under the supervision of a physician.
Local treatments for acne
Local medications include agents that are applied to the skin - creams, ointments, lotions, gels. They are used to treat various forms of acne - mild to severe: in these cases, the prescribers with different concentrations of active ingredients. Topical preparations may be either prescription (usually they are used in severe forms of acne) and OTC. The active ingredient in such formulations may be salicylic acid, benzoyl peroxide, sulfur resorcinol. Also used topical retinoids, azelaic acid and topical antibiotics, which are sold only by prescription.
Systemic medications to treat acne
Systemic drugs work inside. They are taken orally or intravenously, subcutaneously, or intramuscularly (in acne therapy applied subcutaneous injection). As a rule, systemic medications are prescribed to treat the most severe forms of acne when acne a lot, they are large and painful, and from them you can not get rid of in other ways. Such drugs are available only by prescription; They are often used in combination with various agents for external use.
Systemic medications to treat acne include:
- Antibiotics for oral administration - erythromycin, tetracycline, minocycline, doxycycline;
- Hormonal treatments - combined contraceptives, spironolactone (anti-androgenic drug);
- Isotretinoin - a powerful drug, also known as Accutane.
The procedures for the treatment of acne
The procedures for the treatment of acne may hold a dermatologist or beautician. They are used for maintenance therapy, as an adjunct to systemic drugs or agents for external application.
- Squeezing pimples. That in no case can not be done alone, can make a dermatologist or beautician. They squeeze pimples or acne, gently remove from the pores of sebum and dirt using special tools. The skin was then treated with a substance which prevents infection and other complications. Keep in mind that a very large pimples and cysts should be treated only to a dermatologist - cosmetologist can not deal with their treatment. To treat certain cysts doctors have to resort to surgical methods. Once again, under any circumstances, do not squeeze pimples yourself - it can lead to aesthetic problems, in comparison with which all the pimples seem cute freckles.
- Chemical peeling - a procedure in which dead skin cells are removed by alpha-hydroxy acids, beta-hydroxy acids or glycolic acid. In addition, chemical peeling promotes deep cleansing of pores, thus the state of problem skin is markedly improved. Beauticians can make a mask with a small concentration of substances used for chemical peels - they can be very useful for mild forms of acne. Patients with moderate to severe acne should consult a dermatologist to do a chemical peel using a more concentrated substances.
- Microdermabrasion. This procedure can go through in a dermatologist's office, and in some spas. Microdermabrasion is a mechanical process of removing dead skin cells with the help of tiny crystals. It does not hurt, although some patients may experience during the procedure discomfort. During microdermabrasion skin is deeply cleansed, and the result looks more clean and healthy. Microdermabrasion is best suited to patients who have no inflammation on the skin, as well as those who have a lot of small pimples and blackheads.
- Phototherapy - this is the common name for treatment techniques that use laser or light exposure. During phototherapy
Phototherapy - restores vitality
P.acnes bacteria are destroyed, stop or decrease inflammatory processes sebaceous gland - depending on what type of treatment used. Phototherapy can be used to treat all forms of acne; what kind of method is suitable particular patient should decide dermatologist.
- Injections of corticosteroids used to treat cystic acne. Corticosteroids have powerful anti-inflammatory effect, and reduce the likelihood of scarring. Generally, after injection of cysts almost completely disappear in a few days.