- Ileus - the reasons may be different
- Folk remedies
Intestinal obstruction - blockage of the small intestine or large intestine, preventing the movement of food and liquid through the digestive canal. Intestinal obstruction can cause a variety of factors - including fibrotic changes in the walls of the intestine (the formation of adhesions), hernia, tumors.
Intestinal obstruction is accompanied by some very unpleasant signs and symptoms, including pain and bloating
Bloating - if you are bursting inside
, Nausea, vomiting. In the absence of proper treatment for intestinal obstruction can lead to the death of certain disadvantaged parts of the intestine. Tissue necrosis, in turn, causes perforation of the bowel, serious infection and, in severe cases can be fatal. Fortunately, with timely medical intervention, ileus respond well to treatment.
Symptoms of bowel obstruction
The main signs and symptoms of bowel obstruction include:
- Recurrent abdominal pain
Abdominal pain: Types and Symptoms
- Abdominal distention
- Delay gases
When to see a doctor?
Since the lack of proper treatment of intestinal obstruction can lead to serious complications, dangerous to health, immediately after the first signs and symptoms of bowel obstruction should consult a doctor.
The cause of intestinal obstruction may be a variety of factors. Most often leads to intestinal obstruction mechanical blockage - when, for example, hernia or tumor blocking the intestines. In addition, intestinal obstruction can result from disorders of the digestive system. This type of bowel obstruction called paralytic, or functional intestinal obstruction.
Mechanical bowel obstruction
Among the most common causes of intestinal obstruction mechanical includes:
- Intestinal adhesions
Adhesions - how to get rid of them?
- Fibrotic changes in the tissues of the abdominal cavity, which are often formed after surgery on organs of pelvic or abdominal cavity
- Hernia - emergence (protrusion) of the bowel through a congenital or acquired opening
- Tumors in the small intestine
- Inflammatory diseases of the bladder
Urinary bladder - structure and function
(eg, Crohn's disease, or Crohn's disease)
- Strangulation ileus - intestinal volvulus
- Intussustseptsiya (intussusception) - site ulcer usually introduced into the underlying plot, causing blockage
Mechanical obstruction of the colon
Mechanical obstruction much less frequently observed in the colon as compared to the small intestine. Among the most common causes of a mechanical obstruction of the colon includes:
- Colon cancer
- Diverticulitis - inflammation of the diverticula (small bulging of the bag in the walls of the digestive tract)
- Strangulated bowel obstruction - volvulus of the colon
- Stercolith (compacted feces in the colon)
- The narrowing of the colon caused by inflammation and scarring (stricture of the large intestine)
Paralytic (functional) intestinal obstruction
Although paralytic ileus may be accompanied by characteristic signs and symptoms of bowel obstruction, strictly speaking, this condition does not cause immediate (manual) blockage of the intestine. In case of paralytic ileus intestines are not functioning properly due to muscle or nerve damage. Abbreviations intestine reduced or terminated completely, making it difficult to promote food and liquids through the digestive canal.
Paralytic ileus may occur in any part of the intestine. The main reasons for this state are:
- Operation abdominal
- Pelvic surgery
- Taking certain drugs
- The muscular and neurological disorders - such as Parkinson's disease
Complications and sequelae
In the absence of treatment needed ileus can cause serious health-threatening or even life complications, including:
- The withering away of the affected portion of the intestine. Intestinal obstruction can cut off blood flow to the affected area of the intestine, and the lack of blood flow causes the death of the intestinal wall. Tissue necrosis, in turn, can lead to perforation of the intestinal walls and subsequent infection.
- Infection of the abdominal cavity (peritonitis) - a life-threatening human condition that requires immediate medical attention and surgery.
Diagnosis of ileus
For the diagnosis of intestinal obstruction usually requires the following steps:
- Direct examination. Discussion of the medical history, symptoms, physical examination for bumps or protrusions in the abdominal cavity.
- Radiography. To confirm the diagnosis of intestinal obstruction in normal cases, we recommend abdominal X-ray or CT scan. These methods help to determine the nature of the obstruction, to distinguish mechanical intestinal obstruction from functional, determine the extent of intestinal lesions (full or partial it).
How to treat a bowel obstruction?
Methods of treatment of bowel obstruction depends on the cause and type of disease.
Hospitalization to stabilize the patient's condition
Treatment of intestinal obstruction involves compulsory hospitalization. In order to stabilize the patient's condition may include the following measures:
- Installing a dropper for administering fluids
- Installation of a nasogastric tube through the nose into the stomach to remove air and liquid (bloating)
- Catheter insertion into the bladder for urine collection and subsequent analysis of the urine samples
Treatment of partial mechanical bowel obstruction
In partial mechanical bowel obstruction when part of liquids and food to move freely throughout the alimentary canal, additional measures of treatment after stabilization of the patient in the hospital may not be required. The doctor may recommend a special diet nizkovoloknistuyu based food products, not hampering digestion. If the partial blockage of the bowel does not disappear on their own after some time, to restore the normal functioning of the intestines may need surgery.
Treatment of full mechanical bowel obstruction
Full mechanical intestinal obstruction suggests the impossibility of movement of food and liquid through the digestive canal. In this case, to eliminate the obstruction requiring surgery. The procedure depends on the cause of intestinal obstruction and location of the affected part of the bowel. Usually the operation involves removing the blockage and dead areas of the intestine.
Treatment of paralytic (functional) intestinal obstruction
Often paralytic (functional) intestinal obstruction - a temporary condition, whose symptoms disappear on their own after a while. If the condition does not improve within a few days, your doctor may prescribe a number of medications that stimulate the contraction of muscles and thereby contributing to the promotion of food and liquid through the digestive canal.