Steatosis - a disorder in which the liver cells accumulate excessive amounts of fat. This disease is very common and, although in most cases it does not lead to serious diseases of the liver, sometimes the accumulation of fat in the tissues of the body causes severe and even life-threatening diseases. Therefore, treatment of fatty liver is so important and necessary.
How to treat steatosis
Most of the cases of FH is associated with overweight and obesity, so weight loss is an important condition for the successful treatment of this disorder. To achieve a significant improvement, it is necessary to reduce the weight, at least 10%. Losing weight reduces the likelihood of developing liver cirrhosis and other complications hepatosis. Typically, patients are recommended to lose weight by approximately 0.5-1 kg per week.
Since half a kilogram of adipose tissue contains about 3,500 calories to achieve this result, you should consume daily, a minimum of 500 calories less than you spend. At the same time we must remember that too rapid weight loss is potentially dangerous to health.
Treatment of liver steatosis involves abstinence from alcoholic beverages if the disease was caused by alcohol (alcoholic fatty liver). That is entirely abandon the alcohol does not necessarily - you just stick to the recommended standards of consumption of alcoholic beverages. However, the alcoholic fatty liver is most common in people with alcohol dependence
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And for them it is often easier not to drink than to drink a little. If the patient stops drinking, two weeks liver starts to remove excess fat and the risk of developing cirrhosis of the liver is gradually reduced.
Traditionally, the treatment of fatty liver does not recommend any special dietary restrictions. In recent years, however, many experts have noticed that the treatment affects not only how many calories a patient consumes, and which nutrients are included (or not included) in his diet.
For example, in patients with alcoholic liver hepatosis often it is deficient in certain vitamins and minerals, so it is important for them to adjust the diet so as to compensate for the lack of nutrients. In addition, recently there have been reports indicating that the consumption of large amounts of sugar increases the risk of fatty liver, and limit sugar consumption contributes to more efficient and rapid treatment of this disorder.
Physical activity in fatty hepatosis useful not only because they contribute to weight reduction. Increased muscle increases sensitivity to insulin
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- It is important for patients with type 2 diabetes, which is known to be one of the factors that increase the risk of FH. In addition, regular stress contribute to a more rapid reduction in the level of harmful cholesterol in the blood.
The study, which was attended by 800 patients with FH, showed that regular intense load significantly reduce the risk of scar tissue in the liver.
- Drug treatment of hepatic steatosis
Special preparations for the treatment of this disease do not yet exist, and basic therapy are weight loss, nutrition
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and abstinence from alcohol.
However, according to several studies, some drugs in fatty liver gepatoze can facilitate the patient's condition and prevent complications. For example, pioglitazone can be used to steatohepatitis, develops on the background of fatty liver. However, it is unclear how effective and safe the drug is in the long term.
It is assumed that the intake of vitamin E and omega-3 can accelerate the recovery of patients with FH and reduce the risk of complications, but the researchers believe is premature to recommend widespread use of these compounds in the treatment of this disease.
If the development of fatty liver in a patient associated with diabetes, it is important that this disease was controlled - it is necessary to regularly take anti-diabetic drugs. Sometimes it is also required to take medications that reduce blood cholesterol.
Currently, studies are (yet - only on animals), during which studied the possibility of use in the treatment of fatty liver drugs such as N-acetylcysteine and blockers of cannabinoid receptors.
In most cases, weight loss, refraining from excessive use of alcohol or adequate treatment of diabetes is sufficient to state of the liver in a patient FH improved. Often, the fat content in its cells is completely normal, and if the patient will continue to lead a healthy life, he has a chance to never do not run into any liver disease.
However, on average, two of the one hundred patients with FH within 15-20 years after it has been diagnosed disorder, cirrhosis of the liver.
This disease can develop in spite of early treatment, and why this happens is unknown. But the most common cause of severe disturbances in patients with FH (especially - with non-alcoholic form of the disorder) is cardiovascular disease. Therefore, doctors recommend that people diagnosed with steatosis, not to concentrate exclusively on the problems of the liver, and to change the way of life in general, to reduce the likelihood of developing heart disease
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