Mucus and blood in the stool - an urgent need to sound the alarm

November 28, 2014

 mucus and blood in the stool
 Mucus and blood in the stool suggests the inflammatory process in the wall of the large intestine, and the blood - a violation of the integrity of its mucosa. These symptoms can occur in many diseases, to understand the causes of their appearance only after the survey.


The first reason - intestinal infection

Intestinal infection can be caused by different pathogens of bacterial, viral and protozoan. In most cases the disease begins acutely, accompanied by high fever and loose stools.

Mucus and blood in the stool is often a sign of dysentery. Dysentery can be caused, by bacteria (Shigella) or protozoa (amoeba dysentery). When bacterial origin of dysentery affects the distal (end) department of the large intestine, and in severe forms of the disease the entire large intestine. Infection occurs through dirty hands, contaminated feces of the patient food and water.

A feature is the development of dysentery ulcer process in the intestinal wall, which, however, rarely leads to perforation of its wall. Disease begins acutely usually 2-3 days after exposure (the incubation period lasts from a few hours to a week) with high fever, headache, paroxysmal abdominal pain, frequent (up to 10 times or more per day) of liquid stool with tenesmus. The stool is very fast an admixture of blood and almost always - the slime. The disease duration - 7-10 days. Treatment - excessive drinking or intravenous drip of saline solutions (in severe disease), diet (with the exception of food, irritating the gastrointestinal tract), antibacterial therapy.

Amoebic dysentery is mainly found in countries with hot climates, and can occur acutely with severe ulcerative lesions of bowel perforation and its possible rapid spread to other organs and systems, primarily in the liver and brain. It is also possible for chronic erased, in which the main features can be mucus and blood in the stool. Treatment of amoebic dysentery is carried out using metronidazole.


The second reason - chronic ulcerative colitis

Ulcerative colitis - a chronic purulent-inflammatory diseases of the large intestine with the development of local and general (systemic) complications. Causes of ulcerative colitis is still not fully understood. Contributing factors are stress, enzyme abnormalities in the gut (often hereditary), impaired immunity.

The inflammatory process usually begins with the rectum and then spreads, capturing all the departments of the large intestine and even the end of the small intestine. In the intestinal wall edema, mucosal surface is covered with semi-transparent layers of mucus and pus-like. Then, in the intestinal wall, a large number of small ulcers with a diameter of a few millimeters, as well as large irregularly shaped ulcers.

Ulcers usually apply only to the intestinal mucosa, are not deep, only in rare cases, they reach the muscle layer.

The main symptoms of the disease are usually mucus and blood in the feces, abdominal pain, constipation alternating with diarrhea. The disease may be accompanied by intestinal bleeding, anemia, progressive depletion, wall perforation of the large intestine, as well as transform into cancer.

Treatment of ulcerative colitis should be individualized and be directed at reducing allergic and inflammatory reactions, a decrease in the permeability of small blood vessels of the intestine, improving metabolic processes.


Reason Three - colon cancer

Colon cancer usually occurs in the elderly, with often affects the lower parts of the colon. The disease mostly occurs when a genetic predisposition, prolonged inflammatory processes occurring in the intestines or polyps, malnutrition (e.g., if a diet low in fiber, and a lot of meat digestible food).

The disease can be asymptomatic for a long time. Then there are weakness, loss of appetite, anemia, weight loss, low-grade fever. Some time later, they were joined by constipation, diarrhea, abdominal pain Abdominal pain: Types and Symptoms  Abdominal pain: Types and Symptoms
 Mucus and blood in the stool. In the later stages there are metastases in other organs. Treatment of colon cancer Colon cancer: creeps imperceptibly  Colon cancer: creeps imperceptibly
   It carried out depending on the stage of the disease: is assigned to surgery or radiotherapy.


Reason Four - diseases of the rectum

By diseases of the rectum, causing the appearance of mucus and blood in the stool include inflammation of the rectum (proctitis) and hemorrhoids - a disease associated with thrombosis Thrombosis - the cause of heart attack and stroke  Thrombosis - the cause of heart attack and stroke
 , Inflammation, expansion and tortuosity of the veins of the rectum. Mucus and blood in stool are characteristic of chronic hemorrhoids Hemorrhoids - a shameful disease  Hemorrhoids - a shameful disease
 . Treatment of diseases of the rectum should be entrusted to the proctologist.

Galina Romanenko

Article Tags:
  • intestines

Tyubazh liver at home - no amateur

November 27, 2014

 tyubazh liver at home
 Tyubazh liver at home - a procedure quite dangerous. The fact is that any severe liver disease is a contraindication to conduct tubage. Tyubazh may be useful only in the framework of rehabilitation after acute hepatitis, as well as in some cases of chronic hepatitis and gepatozah.


What tyubazh and when it is held

Tyubazh - a procedure enabling zhelchevyvedenie to empty the gallbladder. Liver disease is not complicated biliary tract diseases, in a procedure such as tyubazh do not need, since these diseases occur loss of liver cells (hepatocytes). The main indication for tubage are diseases of the biliary tract and gall bladder, accompanied by stagnation of bile from the reduction of motor activity of smooth muscles of these organs.

Nevertheless, in rehabilitation after acute hepatitis Hepatitis - the scourge of our time  Hepatitis - the scourge of our time
   the doctor can appoint a part of complex treatment tyubazh.

Tubage aim here will be to improve the outflow of bile from the liver, which is achieved by unloading the biliary tract.

Sometimes tyubazh prescribed for chronic cholestatic hepatitis and gepatozah. Chronic cholestatic hepatitis - inflammation is developing in the stagnation of bile in the liver cells. In the period of acute hepatitis tyubazh is not recommended, but during remission sometimes prescribe a course tyubazh.

Steatosis - a disease associated with metabolic disorders Metabolism: The basis of life of all living things  Metabolism: The basis of life of all living things
   in the liver. They can be fat (fat accumulation in hepatocytes and their rebirth in fat cells), cholestatic (related to the violation of cholesterol metabolism in hepatocytes) and pigment (associated with genetically determined enzyme deficiency). Steatosis are also divided into acute and chronic. Acute exacerbation of chronic steatosis and hepatosis are contraindications for tyubazh. Outside exacerbation of chronic hepatosis clinician may prescribe a course of treatment in the form tyubazh.


When you can not do tyubazh

Contraindications for tubage are any acute illness and exacerbation of chronic liver disease. But without exacerbation tyubazh liver diseases may appoint a doctor, otherwise the procedure can not serve the improvement of the patient's condition and the exacerbation of the pathological process.

Contraindicated holding tubage well as any acute or exacerbation of chronic digestive diseases - chronic gastritis Gastritis - several stomach disorders  Gastritis - several stomach disorders
 , Duodenitis, enterocolitis, pancreatitis, cholecystitis, cholangitis, holangioholetsistitah.

Contraindications for tubage is the presence of stones in the biliary tract and gall bladder Gall bladder: structure and function  Gall bladder: structure and function
   - Calculous cholecystitis or holangioholetsistit.


Types tubage

Tyubazh can probe and tubeless. Probe tyubazh carried out only in a medical institution with duodenal probe.

At home, the doctor may prescribe conduct tubeless tubage using a number Cholagogue (infusions hips, corn stigmas, magnesium sulfate, warm mineral water and so on).


How is tyubazh liver diseases

To conduct tubage patient lies on the bed silt couch on the right side and slightly bend your knees. Under the right side put a hot water bottle, wrapped in a towel so that felt warm. As the cooling towel warmers removed. Choleretic effect seek admission of liquid Cholagogue for half an hour.

In diseases of the liver most suitable low-mineralized mineral water type or Slavyanovskaya Smirnoff heated to 40-45˚S - 1-2 cups. Tyubazh on the basis of such water is soft, gentle, as required for liver diseases. The whole procedure lasts 1, 5-2 hours.

Tyubazh Frequency and duration of treatment determined by the doctor. The standard rate of tyubazh - 1-2 times a week for 8-12 weeks.


Can develop complications during tubage

In diseases of the liver (unlike the biliary tract disease) complications are possible, as tyubazh may cause aggravation of the pathological process. That is why it is done only on the testimony in remission, confirmed not only the absence of disease symptoms, but laboratory data.

Tyubazh liver at home can be done only by prescription and under the supervision of laboratory tests. Otherwise, you can not achieve improvements, and a sharp deterioration in the patient's condition.

Galina Romanenko

Article Tags:
  • liver