Mucus and blood in the stool suggests the inflammatory process in the wall of the large intestine, and the blood - a violation of the integrity of its mucosa. These symptoms can occur in many diseases, to understand the causes of their appearance only after the survey.
The first reason - intestinal infection
Intestinal infection can be caused by different pathogens of bacterial, viral and protozoan. In most cases the disease begins acutely, accompanied by high fever and loose stools.
Mucus and blood in the stool is often a sign of dysentery. Dysentery can be caused, by bacteria (Shigella) or protozoa (amoeba dysentery). When bacterial origin of dysentery affects the distal (end) department of the large intestine, and in severe forms of the disease the entire large intestine. Infection occurs through dirty hands, contaminated feces of the patient food and water.
A feature is the development of dysentery ulcer process in the intestinal wall, which, however, rarely leads to perforation of its wall. Disease begins acutely usually 2-3 days after exposure (the incubation period lasts from a few hours to a week) with high fever, headache, paroxysmal abdominal pain, frequent (up to 10 times or more per day) of liquid stool with tenesmus. The stool is very fast an admixture of blood and almost always - the slime. The disease duration - 7-10 days. Treatment - excessive drinking or intravenous drip of saline solutions (in severe disease), diet (with the exception of food, irritating the gastrointestinal tract), antibacterial therapy.
Amoebic dysentery is mainly found in countries with hot climates, and can occur acutely with severe ulcerative lesions of bowel perforation and its possible rapid spread to other organs and systems, primarily in the liver and brain. It is also possible for chronic erased, in which the main features can be mucus and blood in the stool. Treatment of amoebic dysentery is carried out using metronidazole.
The second reason - chronic ulcerative colitis
Ulcerative colitis - a chronic purulent-inflammatory diseases of the large intestine with the development of local and general (systemic) complications. Causes of ulcerative colitis is still not fully understood. Contributing factors are stress, enzyme abnormalities in the gut (often hereditary), impaired immunity.
The inflammatory process usually begins with the rectum and then spreads, capturing all the departments of the large intestine and even the end of the small intestine. In the intestinal wall edema, mucosal surface is covered with semi-transparent layers of mucus and pus-like. Then, in the intestinal wall, a large number of small ulcers with a diameter of a few millimeters, as well as large irregularly shaped ulcers.
Ulcers usually apply only to the intestinal mucosa, are not deep, only in rare cases, they reach the muscle layer.
The main symptoms of the disease are usually mucus and blood in the feces, abdominal pain, constipation alternating with diarrhea. The disease may be accompanied by intestinal bleeding, anemia, progressive depletion, wall perforation of the large intestine, as well as transform into cancer.
Treatment of ulcerative colitis should be individualized and be directed at reducing allergic and inflammatory reactions, a decrease in the permeability of small blood vessels of the intestine, improving metabolic processes.
Reason Three - colon cancer
Colon cancer usually occurs in the elderly, with often affects the lower parts of the colon. The disease mostly occurs when a genetic predisposition, prolonged inflammatory processes occurring in the intestines or polyps, malnutrition (e.g., if a diet low in fiber, and a lot of meat digestible food).
The disease can be asymptomatic for a long time. Then there are weakness, loss of appetite, anemia, weight loss, low-grade fever. Some time later, they were joined by constipation, diarrhea, abdominal pain
Abdominal pain: Types and Symptoms
Mucus and blood in the stool. In the later stages there are metastases in other organs. Treatment of colon cancer
Colon cancer: creeps imperceptibly
It carried out depending on the stage of the disease: is assigned to surgery or radiotherapy.
Reason Four - diseases of the rectum
By diseases of the rectum, causing the appearance of mucus and blood in the stool include inflammation of the rectum (proctitis) and hemorrhoids - a disease associated with thrombosis
Thrombosis - the cause of heart attack and stroke
, Inflammation, expansion and tortuosity of the veins of the rectum. Mucus and blood in stool are characteristic of chronic hemorrhoids
Hemorrhoids - a shameful disease
. Treatment of diseases of the rectum should be entrusted to the proctologist.