Putrid dyspepsia: the main time to identify the causes

March 4, 2012

 putrid dyspepsia
 Dyspepsia - a digestive disorder that is always connected, or eating disorders, or lack of some kind of enzymes. In case of violation of carbohydrate digestion occurs fermentative dyspepsia, protein - putrid, and fat - fat or soap.


What causes putrid dyspepsia

Putrid dyspepsia may occur when poor nutrition when the body receives too much protein. Especially difficult to digest pork and mutton. Putrid dyspepsia may also arise in the use of stale meat products. Another cause of putrid dyspepsia is a congenital or acquired reduction in the amount of digestive enzymes to digest protein foods - pepsin, trypsin and intestinal proteases.

Normally, the food begins to be degraded by enzymes in the stomach and even in the small intestine .  If enzymes degrading proteins, insufficient or too much protein foods, it is not fully decomposed and in this form arrives in the colon .  This partially digested food in the intestine decomposes under the influence is not the normal microflora, as it should be OK, and opportunistic .  Pathogenic microflora thus multiplies rapidly and suppresses the normal flora that is developing dysbiosis .  Opportunistic pathogens fill not only the entire large intestine, and the lower part of the small, which leads to decay processes and there .  Rotting is enhanced at the expense of the protein, which in a large number of isolated irritated intestinal wall .  This increases peristalsis and the patient has diarrhea .  In the process of putrefaction of proteins, a large number of toxic substances that are absorbed into the bloodstream and cause his poisoning (intoxication) .


As shown

Putrid indigestion manifested decreased appetite, nausea, vomiting, bloating, abdominal pain during bowel, liquid or mushy smelly stools dark and discharge of a large amount of malodorous gases. There are also signs of intoxication: fatigue, weakness, malaise, decreased performance, and sometimes - a slight fever, headaches and dizziness Dizziness - if the ground is slipping from under his feet  Dizziness - if the ground is slipping from under his feet

Putrid neuralgia can occur acutely - it happens by eating large quantities of meat. In this case, digestion is unable to recover quickly enough. But more often the disease is chronic, and it says that in the gastrointestinal tract, there are serious violations, which cause inadequate secretion of digestive enzymes.


Diagnosis and treatment

In the study of feces found a large amount of undigested muscle fibers, defecation have an alkaline reaction (normally it should be closer to the acidic) and contains a lot of ammonia. That is indigestion, inflammation rather than by the absence of enteric mucus in stool, leukocytes and erythrocytes. Identification Survey in diseases of the stomach, pancreas Diabetes and pancreas - the things you need to know  Diabetes and pancreas - the things you need to know
 , In violation of the intestinal enzyme function confirms the diagnosis.

Treatment of patients with dyspepsia putrefactive begins with the diet, or more precisely, with unloading of the gastrointestinal tract. Appointed hunger for 24-36 hours, only allowed to drink water and unsweetened tea rather weak. If the general condition of the patient was severely impaired by intoxication, the intravenously administered nutritional solutions, including the 5% glucose Glucose: The energy source  Glucose: The energy source
 . Then, in the diet of patients is gradually increasing the amount of carbohydrates and the patient one to two weeks translated mainly on a carbohydrate diet, but it is limited by the rough reception of fiber. Two weeks later, when the patient returned to normal gradually increase the amount of protein. To suppress the decay processes recommended intake of dairy products.

For normalization of stool prescribed astringents (e.g. tanalbin), to reduce the phenomena of intoxication and flatulence - adsorbents (activated carbon, calcium carbonate and so on). Appointed as antispasmodics, which relieves spasms of smooth muscles of the intestines, which helps to reduce pain and secretions of the intestinal protein - the main source of protein, which supports phenomenon putrid dyspepsia.

If the patient has been identified enzyme deficiency, he administered enzyme replacement therapy. Appointed as the B vitamins, whose formation is disturbed because of the reduction in the normal intestinal microflora. In some cases, when the threat of infectious and inflammatory bowel disease Inflammatory Bowel Disease: Symptoms and Treatment  Inflammatory Bowel Disease: Symptoms and Treatment
 Is assigned to antibiotic therapy.

Galina Romanenko

Article Tags:
  • dyspepsia

Geptral - User: useful properties of the drug

December 2, 2012

 Heptral guide
 Geptral - this drug has a positive effect on liver function and also improves mood in depression Depression - a little more than a bad mood  Depression - a little more than a bad mood
 . The drug is nontoxic, has almost no side effects. Contraindication to its use as a little, however, to take Heptral Geptral - protection and support to the liver and not only  Geptral - protection and support to the liver and not only
   It can only be prescribed by a doctor.

 Geptral - User: useful properties of the drug

The mechanism of action geptrala

Geptral (INN - ademetionine) - a drug that belongs to the hepatic (ie, a positive effect on the liver). In addition, he possesses neyroprotekrornym action - improves brain function by restoring the mood in depression. It cleanses the liver cells from toxic free radicals and other toxins (anti-oxidant and anti-toxic effect), the recovery of the functions of the liver cells (hepatocytes - regenerating effect) and prevents the growth of connective tissue in the liver (antifibroziruyuschee action).

Produces Heptral international pharmaceutical company Abbott tablets, enteric-coated 400 mg in the form of a freeze-dried (dried in a special way) powder for solution for injection in vials of 400 mg together with the solvent.

The mechanism of action is associated with geptrala biochemical processes in the liver cells - hepatocytes. It contributes to a better penetration through the membranes of hepatocytes required for these substances involved in metabolic processes. Furthermore, it increases the synthesis and maintenance of substances that protect cells from the bile acids and free radicals.

Geptral involved in important metabolic processes. Thus, with intrahepatic cholestasis (bile stasis) function hepatocyte membrane is broken due to excessive deposition of cholesterol in them, leading to disruption of membrane protein located in the transportation systems (for them derived from hepatocytes, bile acids). Geptral by participating in biochemical reactions, increases the mobility of the membrane and enhances the transport systems of bile acids associated with the membranes of hepatocytes.

Another type of biochemical reactions, which are directly involved geptral - is the formation of glutathione, taurine - substances having detoxifying properties. In chronic liver disease snizhet amount of glutathione, resulting in hepatocytes become vulnerable to any toxic substances. Taurine reduces the toxic effect of bile acids on liver cells.

Furthermore, geptral biochemical reactions involved in the formation of putrescine - a substance which stimulates the regeneration of the liver and promotes the growth (proliferation) of hepatocytes.

Geptral prescribed for a long time, resulting in a slowly but steadily improving liver function and restores its cells, improves the flow of bile, inhibited the development of liver cirrhosis - replacement of hepatocyte cells of the connective tissue with reduced function of the body.

 Geptral - User: useful properties of the drug

Indications for use

Geptral appoint the following diseases and conditions:

  • chronic inflammation of the gallbladder (chronic cholecystitis) without the presence of stones in the gallbladder;
  • chronic inflammatory processes in the biliary tract (chronic cholangitis);
  • stagnation of bile in the liver (intrahepatic cholestasis);
  • alcoholic liver disease, including alcoholic cirrhosis of the liver;
  • drug liver damage in patients receiving certain kinds of antibiotics Antibiotics - whether they will help you in the foreseeable future?  Antibiotics - whether they will help you in the foreseeable future?
 , Anti-viral, anti-tumor, anti-TB and other drugs with hepatotoxic;
  • hepatitis A;
  • fatty liver;
  • chronic hepatitis B and C;
  • cirrhosis of any origin;
  • hangover syndrome (abstinence) against alcoholism and drug addiction;
  • depression of any origin.

Tablets geptrala take an hour before eating or two hours after a meal, not liquid. Assign Heptral only in the morning, as it stimulates the central nervous system.

 Geptral - User: useful properties of the drug

Side effects and contraindications

Basically Heptral well tolerated, but sometimes when it is used can appear pain and abdominal discomfort, heartburn, and allergic reactions.

Contraindications for use geptrala are the first 24 weeks of pregnancy, breast-feeding Breastfeeding - a personal choice  Breastfeeding - a personal choice
   feeding, childhood and adolescence (18 years), individual intolerance of components. With caution and under laboratory control prescribed Heptral renal impairment.

Galina Romanenko

Article Tags:
  • Heptral