- Ileus - the reasons may be different
- Folk remedies
Symptoms of bowel obstruction
Symptoms of bowel obstruction were known to Hippocrates. Today the signs of the disease is very well researched, developed different methods to identify them, including the causes, which often depends on the tactics of treatment of such patients.
The main symptom of intestinal obstruction - abdominal pain
When intestinal obstruction can occur a number of symptoms, which vary depending on the type, level and flow, which is an obstacle to the passage of stool.
The main and constant feature of obstruction that occurs always, is abdominal pain. The pain may begin abruptly, sharply, without any external cause. But in some cases there is also the growing pain that after a while it becomes unbearable.
Usually the pain comes in the form of intestinal spasms (cramping, increasing the intensity of pain). If the intestine is restrained with the mesentery and passing vessels in it, the pain can be constant and growing against the background of the fights.
If the cause of intestinal obstruction is a blockage of it, the pain goes after labor completely. Gradually, the pain of cramping becomes permanent - it indicates the presence of paresis (immobilization) of the intestine above the obstruction. After 48 - 72 hours after the onset of the disease, if the patient was not helped, abdominal pain
Abdominal pain: Types and Symptoms
stop, which is a terrible sign that says the complete paresis or paralysis of muscles of the intestine.
Less than a permanent sign of bowel obstruction - vomiting
Vomiting with ileus is not always, its occurrence depends on where in the bowel obstruction formed. If this is the initial sections of the intestine, the vomiting occurs more frequently and can be repeated many times. In the intervals between vomiting observed nausea, belching
Belching: why it happens and that means
Hiccups - and if this is something serious?
. If the bowel obstruction is low (in the end of its departments), the vomiting can be single or entirely absent. But when the obstruction is attached to inflammation of the peritoneum (serous membrane lining the inside of the abdominal cavity), that is developing peritonitis vomiting becomes permanent, without bringing relief to the patient at the same time.
In severe intestinal obstruction in patients with a so-called fecal vomiting the contents of the upper intestine.
The third sign of bowel obstruction - a delay of gases and chair
Bloating is a common symptom of intestinal obstruction. Mechanical bowel obstruction (eg, inversion and uzlooobrazovanie) are typically characterized by uneven swelling. At low ileus the expressed bloating, whereas at high obstruction (in the region of the small intestine) swelling may not be absolutely.
With dynamic ileus occurs swelling of the entire abdomen and no visible to the eye movements of the intestine.
Delay of the chair and gas is an important symptom of intestinal obstruction. But in the first hours after the onset of the chair is an independent, or after the enema, the gases can also retreat. This happens because at the beginning of the disease may be incomplete closure of the lumen of the intestine. There may also stand stool, located below the obstacles. Fecal in this case depart in small portions and the chair does not alleviate the patient's condition.
Delay of the chair and gas leads to characteristic changes in the language. In the first hours, these changes are minor, but with the growth of intoxication language becomes dry (fluid output from vomiting), covered with a yellowish-white coating. At the advanced stage of the disease the tongue becomes dirty-brown or brown - this indicates severe intoxication, dehydration and peritonitis.
The general condition of the patient with the intestinal obstruction
The general state of the patient with severe ileus, particularly it quickly deteriorates when the blood supply to the bowel wall broken because squeezing the blood vessel or the formation of blood clots therein.
Patients usually take recumbency. Expression at the beginning of the disease is characterized by fear and pain at the moment of attack becomes anguished. With the development of the disease face pale, features sharpened, there is cold sweat. Such a person is called a person of Hippocrates.
Body temperature can vary within a wide range of severe forms of mechanical obstruction with extensive necrosis (dying away) portions of the intestinal wall may occur collapse (sudden drop in blood pressure) and reducing the temperature to 35˚. In other forms of the disease may rise and high temperature.
Yet the principal and constant feature of intestinal obstruction is abdominal pain. If the person has severe abdominal pain
Severe abdominal pain: possible causes
Then in any case it should not be given pain medication - this can dull the pain for a while, but in the meantime the disease goes into more serious stage.