Inflammation of the uterus - is one of the most common diseases in women. This disease can occur acutely, and can - chronically, imperceptibly, with unexpressed symptoms. This is the most dangerous option of flow, as it often leads to the development of complications, including infertility.
What of the uterus
Uterine appendages called the fallopian tubes and ovaries. The ovaries are paired organ, which in women of reproductive age monthly mature eggs and female sex hormones are formed. The average value of the ovary is 3x2 cm (but could be more or less depending on age), the ovaries are located in the pelvic area.
Fallopian tubes are also paired organs. These tubes have the form of a length of about 10 cm with the lumen of 2-4 mm, extending from the uterus to the ovary. One end of the fallopian tube in communication with the cavity of the uterus, the other opens into the peritoneal cavity, directly next to the ovary. This means that the woman's abdomen through the lumen of the fallopian tubes, uterus and the vagina communicates with the environment, where can always get infected.
The main function of the fallopian tubes - contribute to fertilize the egg and its promotion to the uterus.
Inflammation of the uterus called adnexitis or salpingo
Oophoritis - inflammation of the uterus
. To start an inflammatory process in the uterus, requires the presence of an infectious agent, and a number of predisposing factors.
Pathogens of infectious-inflammatory process may be a variety of pathogens and opportunistic pathogens present in the genital tract of women. Normally, in contact with most of these pathogens to the fallopian tubes and ovaries, their livelihoods inhibited protective forces of the body - immunity.
But sometimes under the influence of various factors causes low immunity - at this moment and there is the introduction of infectious agents and the development of the disease. These factors include: hypothermia, high physical and psychological stress, stress, poor diet (including fasting), iron deficiency anemia, a variety of common acute illnesses, frequent exacerbation of chronic diseases, injuries of internal genital organs of women during abortion, obstructed labor , gynecological surgeries and procedures.
Pathogen combination with certain predisposing factors and causes inflammation of the uterus and appendages.
The main symptoms
The main symptoms of inflammation of the appendages
Inflammation of the appendages - acute and chronic symptoms of the disease
the uterus may be different - it all depends on how aggressively behaves cause infectious-inflammatory process and the adequacy of the immune response to the introduction of female infection. The inflammation can be either one-way or two-way, and the process can occur acutely (symptomatic) or chronically (not so much, and sometimes asymptomatic).
In acute adnexitis disease usually begins with a high fever, chills, malaise and severe pain in the abdomen
Abdominal pain: when to sound the alarm?
. In the absence of adequate treatment of acute process subsides after some time and the disease becomes chronic.
Chronic adnexitis may be not only a consequence of acute undertreated. Very often adnexitises women goes unnoticed, chronic from the start. All the symptoms of recurrence of the disease resemble acute process, but less pronounced temperature rises slightly, moderate pain, aching, often they are ongoing, intensifying during menstruation, sexual intercourse and exercise. Women appear allocation (whites), mucopurulent or purulent character, causes irritation and itching of the external genitalia. Chronic adnexitis often associated with menstrual irregularities.
Can there be complications?
Almost always long flowing inflammation of the uterus
Inflammation of the uterus: required hospitalization
and appendages accompanied by a violation of the menstrual cycle, which leads to infertility. Contribute to the formation of infertility and organic changes in the fallopian tubes and ovaries - the development of adhesions that prevents stepping egg from the ovary (ovulation) and the promotion of a fertilized egg fallopian tubes. Often the development of adhesions in the fallopian tubes is accompanied by an ectopic pregnancy - due to adhesions fertilized egg can not get into the uterus.
If the infection gets on the fallopian tubes into the abdominal cavity may develop peritonitis - inflammation of the peritoneum covering the inside of the abdominal cavity. This inflammatory process may move to all the internal organs located within the abdominal cavity. The course of peritonitis can be very heavy.
- inflammation of the appendages