The causes of cervical erosion may be different. But in most cases the "blame" in this disease infection and trauma female genitals. There are false cervical erosion - it is most often a congenital feature of a woman not to be treated.
Features of the structure of the cervix
Cervix - a small cylindrical formation whose main function - communication with the cavity of the uterus. Therefore, the upper part of the neck is in the uterus, and the bottom of the vagina. Inside the neck is the cervical canal, inside the uterus, it opens a hole, which is called the inner throat. The lower opening of the vagina is called the outer end wrench.
The normal mucosa cervical canal is a single-layer columnar epithelium bright pink. The epithelium of the cervical canal
Cervical canal - the path traversed by every person
many glands that produce mucus, which creates a plug that is impervious to infection. This sperm normally can overcome this obstacle.
In the external os mucosa changes its structure and covers the outside of the cervix stratified squamous epithelium dull pink, whose mission - mechanical protection of the cervix. Clearly visible boundary between bright and dim flat cylindrical epithelium, located in the area of the external os.
Misleading cervical erosion: Causes
Misleading cervical erosion is innate, sometimes genetic especially women. It represents the transition bright pink columnar epithelium on the surface of the cervix. Externally, it looks as erosion, whereas in fact epithelial disorders in this region is not.
But the delicate cylindrical epithelium can not well protect the surface of the cervix from various influences and false erosion can transform into true. Therefore, women with a false erosion are subject to ongoing monitoring by a gynecologist.
The causes of cervical erosion
True cervical erosion - is destroyed areas of squamous epithelium which have a bright pink against a normal pale pink surface of the cervix. Causes of cervical erosion may be different, but most of all - it's genital infections and injuries sustained during childbirth, abortion or gynecological procedures.
The most common cause of cervical erosion - Infection
The most common cause of cervical erosion is an infection. It may be, as any infection, sexually transmitted infection and nonspecific.
Because sexually transmitted infections erosion of the cervix usually cause disease occurring unnoticed, prone to long duration. It can be gonorrhea
Gonorrhea - self-ruled
, Trichomoniasis, chlamydia, mycoplasmosis, ureaplasmosis
Ureaplasmosis - inflammation of the urogenital system
and others. Long flowing inflammatory process accompanied by minor secretions, which can gradually erode the squamous epithelium of the cervix.
Non-specific infection (eg, staphylococcal infection) may fall into the vagina downward through after a difficult birth, abortion, accompanied by infectious complications, and chronic infectious and inflammatory diseases of the uterus (infection in this case may fall into the sexual organs with blood from any other hotbeds, such as chronic tonsillitis).
The reason for the erosion of the cervix and may consist simply in the continuous presence of infection in the vagina without the presence of inflammation. Such a condition is called bacterial vaginosis
Bacterial vaginosis - sex is not recommended
and opportunistic microflora constantly live in the vagina (eg, gardnerellami).
For the development of bacterial vaginosis need certain conditions, as the vagina healthy woman has the ability to cleanse itself. This contributes to the normal female hormones (estrogens enough content in the blood), under the influence of which is present in the vagina mainly useful microflora - lactobacilli. Bacterial vaginosis appears in the background of hormonal background or with a decrease in immunity.
Causes of cervical erosion traumatic
During a difficult birth (including premature), abortions, gynecological therapeutic or diagnostic procedures squamous epithelium surface of the cervix can be injured, and formed on the surface nonhealing erosion.
Sometimes the cause of cervical erosion are constant microtrauma inflicted during sexual intercourse. Such erosion often occur in girls, early sexual initiation, as the mucous membrane of the cervix is fully ripe field only 20 years. This also contributes to non-compliance with personal hygiene.
The reasons for the development of cervical erosion are many, they can understand the doctor.