Dermoid ovarian cyst: clinical manifestations

January 2, 2012

 dermoid cyst of the ovary
 Ovarian cyst is quite common. This disease occurs in approximately 30-40% of women who seek an appointment with a gynecologist for the purpose of routine inspection. By itself, the ovarian cyst is not a dangerous disease, but in the case of large or non-compliance with the doctor's recommendations, it threatens the development of various complications. There are a large number of cysts that vary in origin. One of these cysts, dermoid cyst is yachinika, which occurs in 20% of all cysts. The reason for the formation of dermoid cyst explored to date. Typically, a dermoid cyst of the ovary occurs in girls at puberty or in young women.

 Dermoid ovarian cyst: clinical manifestations

What is a dermoid cyst of the ovary?

Dermoid cyst of the ovary - a cavity, covered with a dense shell, which contains fat, hair, nails, teeth, bones and more. Science known case in which dermoid cyst was found fully formed eye. Dermoid cyst develops from embryonic germ layers. The localization of rudiments of fetal tissue in the ovary is a violation of fetal development. Dermoid ovarian cyst or mature teratoma refers to benign tumors of the ovary Ovarian cysts and tumors: diagnosis and treatment  Ovarian cysts and tumors: diagnosis and treatment
 . But in three percent of cases it is possible malignancy (malignancy). The presence of germs in the ovary embryonic tissue does not necessarily lead to the formation of dermoid cyst. On the other hand, it may occur at any age from childhood and ending with menopause. Causes of cysts is not exactly identified, alleged links to hormonal changes in the body during puberty Puberty child - stages of a complex path  Puberty child - stages of a complex path
   or menopause, and also with abdominal trauma.

 Dermoid ovarian cyst: clinical manifestations

Clinical manifestations

Most often, a dermoid cyst of the ovary Ovarian cysts - normal or dangerous?  Ovarian cysts - normal or dangerous?
   asymptomatic. But in the event of large cysts (15 cm or more), the patient will complain. The growth rate of the mature teratomas unpredictable, but generally if the brush has reached a certain size, its growth is terminated. Dermoid cyst, as noted above, is not associated with hormonal disorders, therefore does not affect the menstrual and reproductive functions. Usually unilateral dermoid cyst.

The main complaint of patients with dermoid cyst is a complaint about the feeling of fullness in the stomach and the severity of it. For large size cysts join abdominal pain, urinary disorders (frequent and painful), and the disruption of the functioning of the intestine (constipation, diarrhea). These symptoms are associated with cyst pressure on the bladder and rectum.

Dermoid cyst tend to become inflamed. Signs of inflammation: fever up to 39 degrees, severe pain, weakness, malaise. Another complication dermoid cyst is twisting her legs. In this case, the signs of acute pelvioperitonita joined. There are signs of peritoneal irritation, fever, severe, recurring pain in the abdomen that may radiate to the rectum and a leg.

During a pelvic exam dermoid cyst is defined as a circular, flexible education, quite moving and is located at the front and a few side of the uterus. Dermoid cyst palpation painless. In the diagnosis of dermoid cyst is crucial ultrasound. On US often in mature teratoma determined calcifications. Additionally, for the diagnosis of a cyst used magnetic resonance imaging and computed tomography.

 Dermoid ovarian cyst: clinical manifestations


Treatment of dermoid cyst only operative. Typically, it is conducted at a large scale in the presence or teratoma complications (torsion legs cysts, inflammation). Perhaps a laparoscopic surgery. During surgery, the girls and young women with a cyst removed part of the ovary in women who are premenopausal Premenopausal women - one step in a woman's life  Premenopausal women - one step in a woman's life
   amputated the entire ovary.

It is recommended to avoid extreme exercise (slopes, jumps, turns) so as not to provoke a torsion leg cysts. Also, if possible avoid insolation (tan in the sun or in the solarium).

Anna Sozinova

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  • ovarian cyst

Ginezol: guard health

June 9, 2011

 One of the most unpleasant diseases of the female genital or genital thrush is candidiasis. A rare woman can boast that never suffered from the disease. But those "lucky" who has ever experienced all the delights of thrush, you know how sometimes hard to get rid of it, and which drugs are the most effective in the fight against Candida infection. Not least in the treatment of gynecological diseases and takes Ginezol. But in addition to elimination of gynecological problems, Ginezol successfully used to treat inflammation of the skin and mucosa of the penis (balanitis, balanoposthitis), which are caused by fungi.


Structure and Composition

The active ingredient - miconazole. Ginezol Available in the following dosage forms:

  • vaginal capsules;
  • vaginal suppositories;
  • cream for external use only;
  • spray for external use.

One suppository contains 100 mg of miconazole nitrate, seven pieces in the package. Ginezol vaginal cream 2% miconazole nitrate containing 0, 9 g., In a tube of 45 g.


Pharmacological properties Ginezol

Ginezol - antifungal is an imidazole derivative. Miconazole inhibits ergosterol biosynthesis and alters the lipid composition of the membrane, causing cell death of the fungus. It is active against the pathogen multi-colored lichen Malassezia furfur, some agents of tinea (Candida, Trichophyton, Epidermophyton floccosum, Microsporum). Is active against Aspergillus spp., Dimorphons fungi, Cryptococcus neoformans, Pityrosporum, Torulopsis glabrata, Pseudallescheria boydii, but also against some Gram-positive microorganisms, including Staphylococcus and Streptococcus. Ginezol exhibits antimicrobial activity against Gram-positive microorganisms. It does not change the composition of the microflora and the pH of the vagina. Quickly removes itching, which usually accompanies the fungal infection Fungal infection: to prevent and defeat  Fungal infection: to prevent and defeat


Indications Ginezol

Ginezol used to treat:

  • vaginal and vulvovaginal candidiasis;
  • superinfection caused by Gram-positive organisms;
  • fungal balanitis;
  • fungal skin and nail (trichophytosis and athlete's hands, feet and body, skin candidiasis, pityriasis versicolor Colorful lichen: relapses  Colorful lichen: relapses
   and others);
  • mixed fungal and bacterial skin and nails;
  • gastrointestinal candidiasis, oropharyngeal candidiasis and prophylaxis in the treatment with inhaled corticosteroids.


Dosage and Administration Ginezol

The cream is applied topically Ginezol: apply to washed with soap and water and thoroughly dried skin and rub it with a little effort in the affected areas twice a day, morning and evening. The course of treatment is continued until the complete disappearance of symptoms in the next few days in order to prevent recurrences. The normal duration of the course - 2-6 weeks.

Vaginally (for the treatment of thrush) are introduced one by one suppository at bedtime Dreams: how to understand our dreams  Dreams: how to understand our dreams
   for 6-7dney.

Externally: apply a small amount of cream to the affected area of ​​the vulva or enter the vagina, the course of 7 days. In the case of treatment of oropharyngeal candidiasis assigned gel by half dosing spoon (one spoonful - 124 mg miconazole) four times a day, is recommended as long as possible to delay the gel in the mouth. In onihomikozah liquid is applied to the affected nail and surrounding skin using a special brush twice daily and cover bandage, the treatment is prolonged, to growth of a new nail.


Ginezol used with caution!

We recommend caution when administered during breast-feeding (it is desirable to temporarily stop breastfeeding), diabetes Diabetes - threatening and incurable disease  Diabetes - threatening and incurable disease
 , Violations of the microcirculation. In the case of the defeat of nails it is recommended to cut them as short as possible. Particular attention is given to the processing of interdigital spaces with the defeat of the feet. Successful treatment of genital candidiasis is possible only if the simultaneous treatment of sexual partner. Use suppository miconazole reduces the reliability of mechanical contraception (condoms and vaginal diaphragms). The emergence of local reactions or lack of clinical improvement within four weeks of stopping treatment and require additional testing. Avoid getting the cream in your eyes.

Anna Sozinova

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  • preparations from yeast