- How to get rid of bacterial vaginosis - the problem
What is a nonspecific bacterial vulvovaginitis
When people talk about bacterial vaginosis, they are usually referring to nonspecific bacterial vulvovaginitis. This disease is more prevalent in girls and older women. In women of childbearing age are more common trichomonal and fungal vaginitis.
Nonspecific bacterial vulvovaginitis
Vulvovaginitis - a disease of children and the elderly
- An inflammation of the vagina and vulva, caused by pathogenic microflora - different types of staphylococcus, streptococcus, E. coli, Proteus, and so on. All these organisms are found on the surface of the female genital organs.
In women of childbearing age conditionally pathogenic rarely causes vaginitis, as they have a well-developed normal vaginal flora
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(mainly lactose and fifidobakterii whose development is supported by female sex hormones). Lactobacilli recovered lactic acid that leads to the formation in the acidic environment of the vagina, which actively inhibits vital functions opportunistic bacteria. In women of childbearing age nonspecific bacterial vaginitis sometimes develops as a complication of inflammation of internal genitals (the downward spread of infection).
After menopause, the amount of female hormones decreases dramatically, and their little girls' bodies. Therefore, the normal microflora in the vulva and vagina have not sufficiently developed, the mucous membranes are thin and are easily exposed to injury, opening the gate for infection control. All this promotes the growth and development of bacterial microflora of nonspecific bacterial vaginitis. Such inflammation can spread up to the internal genitals (the upward spread of infection).
Development vulvovaginitis also contribute to reducing any immunity: against colds, all acute and chronic diseases, metabolic disorders, stress and so on. In this case, the infection of the chronic centers (eg, chronic tonsillitis) may fall into the area of the external genitalia with blood or lymph.
Symptoms of acute nonspecific bacterial vulvovaginitis
The disease begins with the appearance of pain and itching in the genital area, which intensified when walking, sitting and when you touch the site of inflammation. Itching and burning worse when urinating, sleep disturbances
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In some cases, acute vulvovaginal proceeds with violation of the general conditions: high fever accompanied by malaise, chills, increased the nearby lymph nodes.
On examination, you can see the redness and swelling of the external genitalia, and abundant mucous or pus, which sometimes can be seen admixture of blood. Hard occurring inflammatory processes are sometimes accompanied by the appearance on the surface of mucosal erosions and small ulcers. In adult women in the vaginal mucosa are sometimes formed point of elevation, which remain in the chronic stage of the process. Often involved in carding the lower part of the urethra - there are frequent painful urination.
Inflammatory isolation contribute to skin irritation inner thighs, which also appear redness and swelling.
But most of the bacterial vulvovaginitis in girls and older women is mild and signs of it are scant vaginal discharge
and itching of external genitalia.
In older women bacterial vaginosis sometimes develops in the cancer process, so the appearance of discharge from the genitals at this age should be cause for seeking medical attention.
Symptoms of chronic nonspecific bacterial vulvovaginitis
Chronic inflammation usually develops or incorrect treatment of acute process (without identifying the pathogen and its sensitivity to antibiotics), or if there is a persistent inflammation in the uterus and its appendages. If the infectious-inflammatory process becomes chronic, redness, swelling and pain in the genital area, as well as decrease the amount of bleeding. Disturb mostly small itching and discharge.
With long-term course of the disease in girls develop adhesions in the genital area (adhesions) in places where there was a violation of the integrity of the epithelium.
However, such inflammatory processes can be cured completely, you just need to see a doctor and to conduct a survey, the results of which will be given treatment.