Discharge after month: norm and pathology

July 17th, 2011

 after months of isolation
 What should be the highlight after a month? How to distinguish normal from disease? These issues are given virtually any woman. But without the specific knowledge to suspect that something was wrong in their body is not able to each. Vaginal discharge (leucorrhoea) is one of the main signs of a gynecologic pathology, and often the only complaint. Menstruation usually a precipitating factor pelvic inflammatory disease, which is why you must be able to distinguish between normal and abnormal vaginal discharge Vaginal discharge  Vaginal discharge
   after a month.

 Discharge after month: norm and pathology

Sources selections

The main source of discharge is undoubtedly the vagina. Vagina daily self-cleaning, including from pathogenic microorganisms. Secret cables consists of vaginal exfoliated epithelial cells, mucus and microflora, the main representative of which is a stick Doderlein (lactic acid bacteria). Normally after menstruation up to 7-8 days cycle, discharge volume is about 0, 06-0, 08 grams per day. By type of vaginal mucous and clear whites, without the express smell and does not cause concern.

In the event of the accession of infection (thrush, trichomoniasis and others) vaginal discharge is changing dramatically as the color and texture, and quantity.

In addition, discharge products act as large and small vestibule cancer, cancer of the cervix and uterus. Drainage also includes a continuously updated epithelium microflora and a small amount of white blood cells. In the presence of inflammation in the fallopian tubes talk about so-called "pipe" discharges, which also contribute to the composition of the vaginal secretions.

On the composition and amount of discharge affect the overall condition of the body, psychogenic factors (excitation), the presence of diseases and the use of contraceptive methods.

 Discharge after month: norm and pathology

Abnormal discharge after menstruation

About abnormal discharge after a month say they are non-specific color (bloody, yellow, green), consistency and odor. In parallel with the belyami may cause itching and burning in the vulva, pain after intercourse and urination. Possible options:

  • The permanent, clear mucus Mucus - what is the norm for a healthy woman  Mucus - what is the norm for a healthy woman
 Which do not vary over the cycle, characteristic of women suffering from infertility or taking hormonal birth control pills.
  • Bright red release immediately after the cessation of menstruation or after intercourse indicate the presence of cervical erosion or endocervicitis.
  • The white cheesy discharge or similar to yogurt, combined with films or white bloom between large and small labia, the appearance of bread and sour milk smell - a sign of urogenital candidiasis (thrush).
  • White and whether the slightly greenish, grayish discharge, which exfoliate films, often in combination with a fishy smell - bacterial vaginosis (vaginal dysbiosis).
  • Infections, sexually transmitted infections (Trichomonas colpitis, gonorrhea Gonorrhea - self-ruled  Gonorrhea - self-ruled
   and others) are accompanied by a bubbling discharge of yellow or green in color with an unpleasant odor.
  • Acute inflammation of the appendages, an acute bacterial infection of the vagina characterized by yellowish or greenish discharge.
  • Cervical erosion, colpitis, chronic adnexitis - scanty greenish or yellowish discharge.
  • The green, thick and purulent discharge in conjunction with mucus, which intensified after the voltage after defecation occur in purulent cervicitis.
  • Spotting Spotting - it is important to rule out pathology  Spotting - it is important to rule out pathology
   brownish color, continuing long after the menstrual period indicate the presence of a pathological process in the uterus (endometriosis, polyp or endometrial hyperplasia).
  • Sukrovichnye allocation, pinkish-type "meat slops", accompanied by an unpleasant odor arising before and after the menstrual period indicate chronic or chronic endometritis endocervicitis.

If you notice unusual discharge should not delay visit to the doctor. It will help establish the cause of disease and prescribe appropriate treatment.

Anna Sozinova

Article Tags:
  • allocation and monthly

What is the menstrual cycle and how it differs from menstruation

August 27, 2012

 What is the menstrual cycle
 Everyone knows that men and women are constructed differently. The main difference between the female from the male is the ability to conceive, carry and give birth to a child. And of great importance in these processes has a menstrual cycle. Unfortunately, not all female representatives understand the medical terms related to the physiology of the body. One of the most common questions asked by the doctor at the reception - what a menstrual cycle? Many people are confused about the definition of "menstrual cycle" and "menstruation" and consider them synonymous. However, menstruation - this is just the visible proof of the monthly changes in the body.

 What is the menstrual cycle and how it differs from menstruation

The concept of the menstrual cycle

The menstrual cycle (in Latin menstruus - month) - a series of cyclical changes occurring monthly in women, which are aimed at conception. Moreover, periodic changes apply not only to the reproductive system, but also all other vital systems (cardiovascular, nervous, endocrine and others).

Duration of the menstrual cycle, each woman is different and an average of 28 days (21 to 35 days). Top of the menstrual cycle is the first day of menstruation, and the entire menstrual cycle is the time interval from the first day of the month before the first day of the following. The normal menstrual cycle is considered to be a regular cycle, with a deviation in one direction or another by no more than three days. The parameters of the menstrual cycle include:

  • duration;
  • Duration of menstruation (three to seven days);
  • the amount of bleeding Spotting - it is important to rule out pathology  Spotting - it is important to rule out pathology
   (not more than 80 ml for the entire month period);
  • regularity.

 What is the menstrual cycle and how it differs from menstruation


Menstruation - is repeated at regular time intervals (about once a month) bleeding from the genital tract. Monthly present in women during the reproductive period, from the time of puberty Puberty child - stages of a complex path  Puberty child - stages of a complex path
   and ending with menopause. Normally, no menstruation in pregnant and breastfeeding women. Menstruation - is the peak of the menstrual cycle and shows no conception occurred. Menstrual flow contains pieces desquamated layer of the endometrium and blood.

Menarche (first menstruation) begins in girls aged 11-15 years. Regular ovulatory menstrual cycle is established through 1-1, 5 years after the first month. At the time of occurrence of menarche is influenced by many factors: heredity, ethnicity, climatic conditions, acceleration, especially food, disease and so on.

Stop menstruation to the beginning of menopause. Menopause - is the date of last menstrual period, which comes to an average of 51-52 years. By this age, a woman's body happens fading functions of the reproductive system, is gradually reduced production of sex hormones, and the number of eggs in the ovaries decreases.

 What is the menstrual cycle and how it differs from menstruation

The phases of the menstrual cycle

There are four (two suspended) phase of the menstrual cycle:

  • Follicular (proliferative) phase

Under the influence of FSH, which is produced in the anterior lobe of the pituitary, ovarian starts to produce estrogens and progesterone Progesterone - norm and pathology  Progesterone - norm and pathology
   (and the amount of estrogen prevails). Estrogens stimulate the growth and maturation of follicles, of which later determined the main (dominant) follicle. By the end of the follicular phase (approximately the middle of the menstrual cycle) ovulation occurs.

  • Ovulatory phase

Ovulatory phase lasts three days. The pituitary begins to produce luteinising hormone in the blood flow which enhances the secretion of progesterone. Under the influence of progesterone and estrogen follicle ruptures and the chief of his pelvis leaves mature egg. This process is called ovulation Ovulation - How to determine as accurately as possible?  Ovulation - How to determine as accurately as possible?

  • Luteal (secretory phase)

Luteal phase is characterized by a predominance of progesterone, which, firstly, are synthesized through the pituitary luteinizing hormone, and secondly, is secreted by the corpus luteum, formed at the site of the ruptured follicle. The secretory phase changes occur in the lining of the uterus necessary for implantation of a fertilized egg.

  • Phase desquamation

Phase desquamation (menstruation) - a rejection prepared for the introduction of egg functional layer of the endometrium and no evidence of pregnancy.

Anna Sozinova

Article Tags:
  • menstrual cycle