- Meningitis - an inflammation of the meninges
- How is
Complications of meningitis
How dangerous is meningitis? One of the most dangerous complications of meningitis is brain edema. Cerebral edema in meningitis is more common in children and adolescents. This complication is more likely to develop at the end of the first - the beginning of the second day of the disease. With this background, heat, toxicity and symptoms of meningeal syndrome and psychomotor agitation patient may suddenly lose consciousness. At the same time he develops general convulsions, blood pressure initially falls and then rises sharply, palpitations, which at first was a rare (bradycardia), is frequent (tachycardia), shortness of breath increases, there are signs of pulmonary edema.
Meningeal symptoms disappear, reduced increased cerebrospinal pressure, there are involuntary defecation and urination. The death of the patient occurs when you stop breathing due to paralysis of the respiratory center.
Another serious complication of meningitis is an infectious-toxic shock, which is a consequence of contact with infectious agents (meningococcus) in the blood - a condition called fulminant meningococcemia. Against the background of high temperature, hemorrhagic rash, general intoxication temperature falls, increased skin sensitivity, sensitivity to light and sound. Patient agitated, pale, shortness of breath, cyanosis. Then the excitement gives way to apathy, seizures occur. The patient may die within several hours to three days. Often young patients develop simultaneously and the swelling of the brain, and toxic shock.
The consequences of suffering a meningitis - a paralysis, paresis, epilepsy, hydrocephalus, hormonal dysfunction, and so on.
Complications Meningitis can stay for life, but in some cases, the timely appointment of adequate treatment can restore health.
The consequences of meningitis of childhood, frequently detected in adults.
The consequences of meningitis require immediate treatment for a long time.
One of the most serious forms of meningitis is a form of lightning, the main feature of which is toxic shock in violation of the microcirculation and the development of a capillary failure. Fulminant meningitis - a form of meningococcal infection.
Cerebrospinal meningitis in this case begins suddenly, with a temperature rise to high numbers, headache and vomiting. Sometimes joining cramps, nausea, pain and discomfort in the abdomen. From the first hours of the disease on the patient's body appears purpura. The patient's condition is deteriorating rapidly while increasing rash, the appearance of cyanosis (cyanosis) of the lips and fingertips, as well as increased heart rate (tachycardia).
Rash in the early stages of meningitis appears first on the legs and torso. How does the rash of meningitis? Differently. At first, the rash of meningitis
The rash of meningitis
morbilliform a character in the form of red spots and papules. Such stains with meningitis and pass quickly replaced hemorrhagic rash of pinpoint hemorrhages. With lightning-fast form of meningitis rash almost always from the beginning is hemorrhagic in nature, it is becoming more abundant, merged, forming large foci of hemorrhage in the whole body of the patient. On the limbs, torso and then appear bluish-purple spots.
The disease progresses very quickly, shortness of breath increases, patients periodically fall into the unconscious state, the state of the motor drive, which is often joined by cramps. Meningeal syndrome is usually pronounced.
At the final stage of the disease can be reduced and the temperature returns to normal, there are signs of cerebral edema, developed sudden changes in blood coagulation system, signs of respiratory failure, acidosis, acute renal failure
Kidney failure - when treatment is vital
. All this often leads to death of the patient.
Diagnosis of meningitis
How to recognize meningitis? Usually, the diagnosis of meningitis is not difficult, as it always develops meningeal syndrome. The difficulty is to determine what caused the disease, meningitis is a primary or secondary, to identify the pathogen infection and prescribe adequate treatment in a timely manner a differential diagnosis of meningitis is quite complicated.
How to diagnose meningitis? Many diagnostic and therapeutic importance puncture spinal meningitis (lumbar puncture). During puncture of the patient is removed some amount of cerebrospinal fluid, which leads to a decrease in pressure and considerably facilitates the patient's condition. Lumbar puncture in meningitis is of great diagnostic value. As of cerebrospinal fluid can make the correct diagnosis. Analysis of meningitis - is, first of all, the laboratory diagnosis of meningitis. Also has a value and the pressure of cerebrospinal fluid.
How to help a patient with meningitis
Emergency treatment of meningitis - is timely hospitalization. In the hospital to reduce cerebral edema patient intravenous diuretics, and glucocorticoid hormones. Lumbar puncture in meningitis as a means of emergency.
As part of an integrated treatment of meningitis patients is not the last role played by diet. Power meningitis must be complete, contain large amounts of protein and a minimal amount of salt. In acute renal failure
Acute renal failure - causes and consequences
limit the amount of protein.
Rehabilitation after meningitis - it is long. But if all the prescription, life after meningitis can come to normal.
For the prevention of meningitis vaccine is used. As part of some combination vaccines for infants includes a vaccine against Haemophilus influenzae and pneumococcus, which often cause meningitis in children
Meningitis in children - a dangerous disease
. There is a vaccine and from meningococcal disease. Meningitis Vaccination is done to children after two years living on the territory of outbreaks of meningococcal disease.
Recovery after meningitis, as well as its prevention - one of the major health challenges.