Epilepsy and personality changes - dementia inevitable? - Effects of the disease

August 19th, 2010

  • Epilepsy and personality changes - dementia inevitable?
  • Manifestations of the disease

What is epilepsy

Epilepsy - is a chronic disease characterized by recurrent seizures and often personality changes. Epilepsy can be caused by various reasons, but most often it is congenital or hereditary features of the structure of the brain combined with his organic lesion (birth trauma, tumors, infections, and so on).

Seizure occurs during the propagation of very strong nerve impulses from the source of epileptic activity in the brain of the entire brain (generalized seizures or shared), or part of it (partial or partial seizure).

Generalized seizures (large seizures) are characterized by loss of consciousness, seizures (clonic first, that is short, then tonic - long), dilated pupils, palpitations. At this point, patients fall and can get a significant injury.

There are small generalized seizures, which are accompanied by only turning off of consciousness without convulsions: the patients just on time (sometimes a few seconds) "off", and then continue their actions, as if nothing had happened. Sometimes such patients are not aware of their seizures.

If the nervous excitement is not transmitted to the entire brain, and part of it, then there are partial or focal seizures in the form of certain movements, short-term memory disorders Memory Disorders - aggravation as dangerous as the weakening  Memory Disorders - aggravation as dangerous as the weakening
 , Bouts of obsessive thoughts and so on. This partial seizures can always go to the generalized.

Epilepsy occurs in different ways, depending on the cause of its occurrence. But often, the disease is a constant deterioration: the frequency of attacks is increasing, growing personality changes.

 Manifestations of the disease | Epilepsy and personality changes - dementia inevitable?

Personality changes in epilepsy

The degree of personality change in epilepsy depends on the age at which the onset of the disease, the frequency and features of seizures, as well as treatment. The earlier onset of the disease, the more often the seizures occur and the less active a patient is treated, the sooner come personality change, particularly dementia. Personality changes epileptic amplified in the presence of his alcoholism, traumatic brain injury and disease of the brain (cerebral atherosclerosis, stroke Stroke - a serious brain injury  Stroke - a serious brain injury
   and so on).

The personality change in epilepsy manifested by irritability Irritability - you try to control my temper  Irritability - you try to control my temper
 , Frustration, impatience, foolishness, resentment, petty fault-finding with a penchant for brutality, strife, outbursts of anger and even rage, often accompanied by aggressive actions.

Along with this, epilepsy and found exactly the opposite properties: shyness, fearfulness, propensity for self-abasement, exaggerated courtesy, reaching to flattery and servility, exaggerated veniality and gentle handling, the desire to emphasize their agreement with the person and to please him. These completely opposite behaviors can occur in the same patient, both in pure form and in various combinations.

The mood of patients with epilepsy are usually expressed very clearly and is subject to frequent fluctuations - from sullen irritability to deliberately careless or just more excited. Mood swings occur in epilepsy either alone (spontaneous oscillations), and under the influence of everyday events and experiences.

All kinds of excitement (affect) in epilepsy have a feature: once established, they do not change for a long time, despite the change in circumstances (viscosity affect). This is not peculiar to such affects, as irritability, hostility, resentment, but also the opposite (joy, compassion location).

Intellectual ability of patients with epilepsy Epilepsy - a sacred disease  Epilepsy - a sacred disease
   also changed: they then complain of lethargy, inability to concentrate, you become able to do the work, which until recently seemed impossible to them.

Thinking of patients with epilepsy have a number of features which appear in the speech. The most characteristic jam in the details, the inability to identify the main difficulty of the transition from one representation to another, and therefore, patients are very difficult to express their thoughts. Their speech is poor in words, always accompanied by a return to what has been said, is replete with ornate trite expressions.

All these properties of the person allowed to formulate the basic quality of mental patients with epilepsy - viscosity. A clear manifestation of personality changes, accompanied by various changes in the depth of memory, indicates the presence of epileptic dementia. Against this background, can occur in patients with various mental disorders in the form of stupefaction, hallucinations, epileptic delusional psychosis and so on.

In order to prevent or, where possible, to postpone the development of personality change in epilepsy, these patients should be constantly observed by a psychiatrist and receive adequate treatment.

Galina Romanenko

Article Tags:
  • epilepsy

Citoflavin - will help your brain - Composition

August 30, 2009

  • Citoflavin - will help your brain
  • Composition


Citoflavin - a combination drug, improves metabolic processes in the brain. Citoflavin is a solution for injection which contains succinic acid, inosine (Riboxinum), nicotinamide (vitamin PP) and riboflavin (vitamin B2). All of these drugs have long been successfully used in the treatment of various diseases, but the combination drug based on them has a particular effect on the body. Citoflavin stimulates respiration and energy production in the cells, improves the process of assimilation of oxygen by tissues, restores the activity of antioxidant enzymes. As a result of cytoflavin improved protein production in cells better absorbed glucose and fatty acids. The brain cells (neurons) are also reactions, normalize metabolic processes.

As a result of the processes described cytoflavin improves coronary (the heart) and brain blood flow, activates metabolic processes in the brain and spinal cord, recovers consciousness, sensitivity disorders, intellectual functions, including memory. It has a fast wake-up action of the oppression of consciousness after a general anesthetic.

During clinical trials it has been found that the use tsikloflavina in the first hours after onset of stroke promotes benign course of various processes in the focus of necrosis (tissue death), and a more rapid flow of regenerative processes.

Components cytoflavin absorbed by the body in different ways. Succinic acid during metabolism decomposes to water and carbon dioxide, do not accumulate in the body. Riboxinum decomposed in the liver to glucuronic acid, then participating in redox reactions. Nicotinamide is quickly absorbed in the tissue, and then breaks down in the liver and excreted by the kidneys. Riboflavin is distributed in the tissues of different organs unevenly most of it is contained in heart muscle, liver and kidney.

 Ingredients | Citoflavin - will help your brain


Citoflavin apply for the following diseases:

  • eating disorders tissues of the brain (encephalopathy) vascular nature;
  • consequences of cerebral circulation, including in stroke;
  • acute and chronic poisoning, poison, toxic effect on the brain;
  • chronic poisoning waste products of the body's own (endotoxemia);
  • disorders of consciousness after a general anesthetic.

When treating cytoflavin need to periodically check the level of glucose Glucose: The energy source  Glucose: The energy source
   plasma (possibly reducing its concentration), particularly in patients with diabetes mellitus Diabetes - threatening and incurable disease  Diabetes - threatening and incurable disease

 Ingredients | Citoflavin - will help your brain


Citoflavin is contraindicated in:

  • hypersensitive to the components of the drug;
  • pregnancy and breastfeeding.

The caution should be applied cytoflavin severe patients on mechanical ventilation, as well as suffering from a variety of metabolic disorders Metabolism: The basis of life of all living things  Metabolism: The basis of life of all living things
   (kidney stones, biliary tract, gout) and severe renal impairment.

In severe conditions involving severe circulatory disorders cytoflavin should be applied only after complete restoration of blood circulation.

 Ingredients | Citoflavin - will help your brain

Side effects when administered cytoflavin

With the introduction of cytoflavin may experience the following side effects:

  • nausea and stomach pain;
  • pain or discomfort in the chest, shortness of breath, tingling in the nose;
  • headache, dizziness;
  • allergic skin reactions;
  • sudden pallor of varying severity.

With prolonged use at high doses: possible decrease in blood sugar Lowering blood sugar - not as good as it seems  Lowering blood sugar - not as good as it seems
 , Worsening of gout and worsening renal function. With rapid intravenous possible redness, feeling hot, bitter taste and dry mouth, sore throat (to cancel the introduction of cytoflavin in these cases it is not necessary).

Symptoms of overdose when administered cytoflavin not been revealed.

Article Tags:
  • cytoflavin