Strep throat - a bacterial infection that causes inflammation of the tonsils. This kind of angina is one of the most common bacterial infections in the world; approximately 15% of patients complaining of sore throat, strep sore throat is detected. It is most common among children, but in adults the disease is also quite common.
The name of the infection received the title of microorganisms, which are its agents - is Streptococcus, the genus of bacteria that can cause numerous diseases, from sore throats to pneumonia and meningitis. Although strep throat can get sick at any time of the year, the peak incidence is usually marked in winter and early spring.
The most common symptoms of strep throat:
- Severe pain in the throat. As a rule, streptococcal sore throat throat starts to hurt suddenly, it is not preceded by symptoms such as sore throat or a slight cough;
- High body temperature (more than 38.3S);
- Enlarged tonsils;
- The bright red color of the back surface of the throat;
- White or yellow coating on the back surface of the neck.
Often streptococcal sore throat and causes headaches and abdominal pain
Abdominal pain: Types and Symptoms
. Less common symptoms of this disease are red skin rash, vomiting, lack of hunger, pain in muscles and joints.
Cough, nasal congestion and sneezing, accompanied by severe pain in the throat, for strep throat are not typical - most likely a sign of a viral infection. In addition, streptococci rarely penetrate into the throat, hoarse voice, and often not a symptom of bacterial and viral sore throats
Viral sore throat, when sore throat
Strep throat is spread from person to person by droplet infection, although streptococci are considered less infectious than, for example, viruses that cause the common cold. At the moment of contact with the bacteria, pathogens and the appearance of symptoms may take from two to five days.
To diagnose strep throat
Angina - is it worth it to carry "on their feet"?
It is often sufficient to carry out a quick analysis, the results of which are known for ten minutes. In some cases, rapid analysis does not show the infection, and then may require longer laboratory tests.
Streptococci live everywhere. Approximately 20% of the people they live on the skin, and 10% of children live in the throat. However, these bacteria do not always lead to the development of angina - this prevents the normal protection provided by the immune system. The causes of angina may be, for example, smoking and alcohol abuse - these bad habits lead to damage to the mucous membranes in the throat, thereby increasing the risk of bacterial infection. Frequent heartburn also cause irritation of the throat, which is why there is located tonsils may become more prone to infections. Patients whose immune system is weakened by diseases such as HIV / AIDS, diabetes, or prolonged use of corticosteroids, chemotherapy or radiotherapy
Radiotherapy in cancer treatment: irradiation aid
Also at increased risk for strep throat.
Of particular danger is a strep throat infection in the hospital. It is not only the fact that there are more people with weak immunity, but also that in hospitals often live bacteria that have developed resistance to many types of antibiotics. To cure infections caused by such bacteria, it can be very difficult.
Before the advent of the first antibiotics Strep throat often leads to serious complications such as acute rheumatic fever, glomerulonephritis, and others. Today, fortunately, these complications can usually be avoided, but in the absence of timely treatment of angina may still pose a serious health hazard.
Treating strep throat
Often, in order to cure strep throat, it is enough for 5-7 days of bed rest, drink plenty of fluids (water, tea, fresh juices, warm milk with honey), fully fed, making inhalation and gargling
. If necessary, you can take antipyretics and analgesics, which are sold without a prescription, such as paracetamol or aspirin
. Patients sixteen aspirin is contraindicated, and pregnant and lactating women can be taken only after consultation with a doctor
. You can also use a variety of throat sprays containing painkillers and antiseptic agents
. Natural medicines - herbs, honey, propolis - help to alleviate the symptoms of strep throat
. In most cases, the use of these resources is sufficient, that help the body cope with the disease
. Antibiotics for strep throat are assigned when a period of five days or more is not observed any signs of improvement, if the sore throat is very severe symptoms, or if the patient has a disease or is taking medications that weaken the immune system
Drugs of first choice for streptococcal sore throat are penicillin antibiotics group, such as amoxicillin. If you can not take penicillin, or they have proved ineffective, it can be assigned to cephalexin, or macrolide antibiotics. Treatment usually lasts five days, in some cases - up to ten days; noticeable improvement may come in two or three days after the start of antibiotic therapy.
Do not interrupt treatment until the end of therapy. Currently, all the more pressing problem is the antibiotic resistance, and you can make a contribution to the fight against it, taking antibiotics exactly as directed by your doctor. If you stop treatment prematurely, this may lead to relapse and to ensure that the bacteria learn how to resist the effects of an antibiotic that you take, and the next time it will not help you.
The most common side effects of antibiotics used to treat strep throat, are diarrhea, nausea and vomiting. In rare cases, antibiotics may cause allergic reactions, the main features of which are: shortness of breath, swelling of the face, lips, tongue, or throat. When these symptoms should immediately call an ambulance.