- Otitis - than could face an ear infection
- Acute and chronic
Otitis: acute and chronic
Otitis media - an inflammation of the ear. There are external otitis
Otitis externa - all the dangers of the disease
, Otitis media and otitis internal (labyrinth). The most common is called otitis media inflammation of the middle ear, or otitis media. Otitis media may be acute or chronic.
The causes of otitis media are hypothermia, inflammatory diseases of the upper respiratory tract. It develops on the background of acute respiratory diseases, various infectious diseases, trauma eardrum
Eardrum injuries: this is serious
When the infection gets to the middle ear and causes its inflammation. Of great importance in the development of otitis media has a decrease in the body's defenses, presence of chronic diseases nasopharynx.
Symptoms of acute otitis media
Developing the disease usually progresses rapidly and sharply. During acute otitis media are three periods.
In the first period leading symptom is pain in the ear, first in the form of tingling, then it acquires shooting paroxysmal in nature and gradually growing, it becomes quite unbearable. The pain subsides only for a short time, increasing at night and giving teeth and neck. Ear pain is accompanied by a headache in parietal and temporal areas, increase in body temperature up to significant numbers, general malaise, nasal, noise in the ear and hearing loss.
On the transition of the disease in the second period indicates perforation (perforation) of the drum walls. With the advent of discharge from the ear pain disappears. The first two days the amount of discharge from the ear is small, purulent discharge, mixed with blood, then their number increases and they become purulent. The temperature is reduced, the general condition is improving, but the noise in the ear continues to bother.
The third period is characterized by a decrease in suppuration of the ear, the eardrum scarring and recovery of hearing.
The duration of the disease is usually 2-3 weeks.
Complications of acute otitis media
Acute otitis media can produce complications such as mastoiditis (inflammation of the process of the temporal bone), paresis (temporary paralysis), facial nerve
The facial nerve when a person loses symmetry
, Labyrinthitis (inflammation of the inner ear), a variety of intracranial complications.
Symptoms of chronic otitis media
Chronic otitis media - a sluggish disease in which inflammation of the middle ear, as it were delimited. Otitis media usually becomes chronic from acute otitis undertreated, but sometimes has a primary and chronic. Development of the disease contribute to the patency of the Eustachian tube (decrease its ventilation and drainage function).
In chronic otitis media observed persistent or recurrent ear discharge, hearing loss, sometimes dizziness and headaches. Suppuration may occasionally be reduced or completely withdrawn.
The complications of chronic otitis media
As a result of scarring may occur fusion eardrum to the inner wall of the cavity of the middle ear, which results in permanent hearing loss. The inflammatory process can go on nerve plexus in the middle ear, which causes disorder of taste and pain in the ear.
Diagnosis of otitis
The diagnosis of otitis media is placed on the basis of the characteristic signs of the disease, examination of the eardrum with a special instrument (otoscope), which allows you to see the signs of inflammation, the results of the study of hearing and, if necessary - X-ray studies (can detect complications of the temporal bones - mastoiditis).
Treatment of otitis
In acute otitis
Acute otitis media: to heal, to not become a chronic disease
treatment begins with bed rest, relief of acute pain, the appointment of antipyretic drugs and antibiotics. The pain is removed with the help of local warming procedures (eg, drops of warm olive oil), dry heat on the ear, receiving painkillers. To restore patency of the auditory tube prescribe drugs relieve swelling and thinning allocation in the form of nose drops, and inhalations. The effectiveness of treatment is determined by the degree of reduction of the tympanic membrane and normal hearing
If there is a discharge from the ear, the first discharge is taking the study reveal the infectious agent and its sensitivity to antibiotics and only prescribe effective treatment.
From physical therapy prescribed UHF, ultraviolet irradiation, microwave therapy.
In severe pain, swelling and bulging eardrum sometimes held its dissection (myringotomy) as spontaneous perforation of the tympanic membrane more traumatic and often causes hearing loss.
Make sure (especially in chronic processes) carried out a fortifying and regenerating the immune system treatment.
Prevention of otitis
Prevention of acute otitis media - is to increase resistance (immunity) of the body, the timely treatment of diseases of the upper respiratory tract (rhinitis, sinusitis, adenoiditis, tonsillitis, etc.), restoration of patency of the nasal cavity.