The structure of the female reproductive system: the outer and the inner part

September 20, 2011

 The structure of the female reproductive system
 Hardly any of the women, except, of course, health care workers know perfectly the structure of the female reproductive system. In general, these relate only to the knowledge of the external genitalia, and the ones that are hidden from view, is a mystery. However, be aware of your device should be every woman.

Female genital organs perform two important functions. Outdoor responsible for sexual arousal and pleasure, and the internal sex organs are responsible for the conception Conception, ovarian cycle, fertilization and genetics of a child  Conception, ovarian cycle, fertilization and genetics of a child
   and child bearing.

 The structure of the female reproductive system: the outer and the inner part

Female genital organs

As noted above, female genital organs consist of two sections. The first department to include internal sex organs: the ovaries, fallopian tubes, uterus, cervix and vagina. The second department include the vulva, which includes large and small labia, clitoris, hymen and vestibule.

 The structure of the female reproductive system: the outer and the inner part

External genitals

  • Large labia

Labia or shameful lips are folds of skin containing fat-rich connective tissue. They are interconnected dermal ridges, called commissure. Slit-like space bounded laterally labia majora is called sexual slit. The labia majora are covered with hair, and in their lower sections are arranged Bartholin glands, which secrete a lubricant during sexual arousal.

  • Labia

Located inside the labia majora and usually hidden by them. They represent two longitudinal folds of the skin resembling mucosa. The hair on the labia lips, no, but there are sebaceous glands. Labia are a large number of blood vessels and nerve endings, and is one of the erogenous zones of a woman.

  • The clitoris

The clitoris is located in the upper connection of the labia minora are also well supplied with blood and innervated. The main objective of the clitoris is the concentration of sexual arousal. In neerogirovannom state clitoris in size does not exceed 4-5 mm. The clitoris consists of a head, body and legs. The body of the clitoris is enclosed in a dense fibrous membranes and plays a role of sexual head.

 The structure of the female reproductive system: the outer and the inner part

The internal sex organs

  • Ovaries

Ovary - it is a paired organ and female reproductive gland, similar to the male testes. Is a flat oval body lengths of 2, 5 cm, a width of 1, 5 cm and 1 cm thick. The two ends of the ovary are distinguished: the top, which faces the fallopian tube, and the bottom is connected to the uterus special binder. Outside the ovary is covered with cortex, under which is a gentle medulla. It is in the cortex of mature follicles from which the release of the egg. Another function of the ovary is the synthesis of sex hormones.

  • Vagina

The vagina is a stretchable fibrous muscle-tube about 8 cm long. The upper end of the vagina covers the cervix, and the bottom - hole opens in the sex gap. The opening of the vagina in virgins covered fold of mucous membrane, the hymen, leaving only a small opening. From inside the vagina is covered with a mucous membrane with multiple folds, allowing it to be stretched during childbirth and intercourse.

  • Uterus

Uterus - a muscular organ located in the pelvis between the bladder Urinary bladder - structure and function  Urinary bladder - structure and function
   front and the rectum behind. The uterus is the development of the ovum. Also generative function performs menstrual uterus. The uterus is pear-shaped and rejected in front, forming an angle between the body and cervix.

  • Cervix

The cervix is ​​an extension of the body, but rounder and is already the last. The cervix is ​​the outer end protrudes into the upper vagina. Nulliparous cervical opening has a rounded shape, and giving birth looks transverse slot with a catch on the edges. In the first stage of labor the cervix to soften the edges and thinner, thereby going disclosure of uterine throat.

  • The fallopian tubes

Uterine (fallopian tubes) play the role of the oviducts in which the fertilized egg enters the uterus. From inside the fallopian tubes are covered with fibers that provide movement egg into the uterus. The outer end of the fallopian tubes adjacent to the ovaries. The fallopian tubes are four departments: the mother, the isthmus ampullar and funnel.

Anna Sozinova

Article Tags:
  • Sexual Health

Reduced sex drive during menopause: Myth or harsh reality?

October 28, 2010

 decrease in sexual drive during menopause
 One of the first signs of menopause is a loss of libido. If a woman does not feel more desire to make love How to make love: sex - not just technique  How to make love: sex - not just technique
 This can be explained by many factors, both psychological and physiological. But in any case, it is not a tragedy, because all fixable. According to statistics, about 80% of women aged between fifty and sixty remain sexually active.

 Reduced sex drive during menopause: Myth or harsh reality?

Physiological changes

The skin and mucous membranes with the onset of menopause significantly weakened, become brittle, dry, since there is a lack of blood supply due to lower levels of certain hormones. This applies to the skin and mucous membranes throughout the body surface, including and in the genital area.

Vaginal mucosa becomes sensitive, more delicate and susceptible to infections, drier and less elastic. For this reason, the sexual act brings discomfort, pain, irritation. And sexual attraction, of course, is also part of this vicious circle. The more it becomes an unpleasant proximity to the physical plane, the more likely that over time decrease libido. About 20% of menopausal women experience pain during sexual intimacy, which then leads to a rejection of it.

Moisturize the vagina depends on two mechanisms. The first is associated with sexual arousal and the other depends on the amount of estrogen Estrogen - the key to bone health  Estrogen - the key to bone health
 Which in mature women decreases gradually. In this case the help hormone replacement therapy and as an adjunct recommended to use lubricants.

Also important is the fact that changes in the breast. Periodically, with the onset of menopause, at the beginning of it, when there is a strong restructuring of the body, the breasts can be quite painful. It also affects the sexual life, as kindness are sometimes impossible.

 Reduced sex drive during menopause: Myth or harsh reality?

Psychological problems

Everything is quite clear physiological changes in the plan, which occur during menopause, also affect the psychological state of the woman. It's really a very sharp time in life when gradually ending production of eggs associated with fertility, which in turn, is inextricably linked with the concepts of femininity and seductiveness. Some of the fair sex seems that quiet body betrayed them, and aging rapidly extinguished because they are not ready for this. They do not feel welcome, loved. It added irritability Irritability - you try to control my temper  Irritability - you try to control my temper
 , Nervousness, constant stress How to beat stress? Create an oasis  How to beat stress? Create an oasis
 That is classic behavior during hormonal transformations.

All of this can be seen, and very often, but in the hands of women remain sexually attractive to their man, so at the first sign of discomfort in sexual life should not sound the alarm and take appropriate action.

Article Tags:
  • sexual problems