- Periodontitis - a serious complication of pulpitis
Periodontitis - a serious gum infection that destroys the soft tissue and bone that support the teeth. Periodontitis can cause tooth loss and even more worse consequences - increased risk of heart attack or stroke, and other serious health problems.
Periodontitis - it is a common disorder, which, however, is fairly easy to prevent. Usually it is the result of poor oral hygiene
Oral hygiene - not only in the dentist's chair
. Brushing your teeth at least twice a day, flossing and regular professional cleaning significantly reduces the chance of developing periodontitis.
Symptoms of periodontal disease may include:
- Swollen gums;
- Bright red gums;
- Hypersensitivity to touch the gums;
- Detachment of the gums from the teeth, which is why your teeth may look longer;
- Education gaps between the teeth;
- Pus between the teeth and gums;
- Bad breath;
- Bad taste in the mouth;
- Stagger teeth;
- Changing the bite.
There are various types of periodontitis. Chronic periodontitis is the most common, it occurs mainly in adults, although sometimes observed in children. Aggressive periodontitis usually begins in childhood or early adulthood; he suffers only 1-2% of the population.
When to see a doctor
Healthy gums are pale pink. When they become red, swollen and / or bleed easily, you should contact your dentist. The sooner you do, the more likely it is that you manage to avoid serious complications of periodontitis.
It is believed that the cause of periodontal disease is plaque, which is comprised almost entirely of bacteria. If you do not clean the teeth regularly from him, begins to form tartar
Plaque - why it should be removed?
Which can only be removed with the help of professional tools.
The longer plaque and tartar are on teeth, the more damage they cause. At first they simply cause irritation and inflammation of the gums at the base of the tooth. This condition is called gingivitis
Gingivitis - if inflamed gums
- The mildest form of periodontal disease.
Further inflammatory process leads to the formation between the teeth and gums of the spaces, which are filled with plaque, stone, and bacteria. These spaces are gradually deepened, and they accumulate more bacteria - in the end, they get under the gum tissue. This deep infection can cause destruction of the bone tissue. In some cases, this leads to loss of the tooth.
Factors that may increase the risk of developing periodontal disease:
- Poor oral hygiene;
- Smoking or the use of chewing tobacco;
- Old age;
- Immunocompromised, which may occur, for example, leukemia or HIV / AIDS as well as in patients who are undergoing chemotherapy;
- Poor diet;
- Taking certain medications;
- Hormonal changes, such as those associated with pregnancy or menopause;
- Substance abuse;
- Unsuccessful operations to restore teeth
Restoration of teeth: dental surgeon or dental therapist - who obraschatsya
The most common complication of periodontal disease is the loss of the tooth. Other complications of the disease can cause a surprise:
- Coronary artery disease;
- Low birth weight;
- Poorly controlled diabetes;
- Respiratory problems.
Studies have shown that the bacteria responsible for the development of periodontitis, can enter the body through inhalation or through the bloodstream, causing lung diseases, heart and other organs. For example, bacteria can enter into the arteries of the heart, there cause inflammation and narrowing of the arteries, which may ultimately lead to a heart attack.
Diagnostics of periodontitis generally simple. The basis for the description of the diagnosis may be symptoms and examination of the oral cavity. By means of special tools the doctor will determine the depth of the space between the teeth and gums. This helps determine how severe form of periodontitis in the patient.
In the early stages of periodontitis is treated by procedures during which the teeth are cleaned of rock and prevent further accumulation of plaque and bacteria in the cavities between the teeth and gums.
Sometimes antibiotics are used, although their use in the treatment of periodontal disease is controversial. As a rule, spot or oral antibiotics are recommended for suspected bacterial infection.
In more severe cases of periodontitis treated by surgical methods.