- Dislocation - Prevention and Treatment
Dislocation - this damage, at which the displacement of the bones of the joint in relation to each other. This injury may temporarily deform or immobilize the joint. Very often get sprains during sports.
Symptoms of dislocation are usually:
- The visible deformation of the joint;
- Swelling of the joint and / or diskoloratsiya;
- Severe pain in the joint dislocated;
- Limited mobility.
If signs of dislocation as soon as possible, seek medical help. Try to limit the load on the damaged joint. Under no circumstances should you try to straighten the joint independently - it can cause severe damage to muscles, ligaments, nerves and even blood vessels.
To reduce the pain and remove the swelling, as well as, if necessary, to control internal bleeding, apply a cold compress a sprained joint.
The reasons are usually sprains and other sports injuries. Especially traumatic are contact sports, and sports associated with an increased risk of falling, such as gymnastics or skiing.
Some people born weaker than usual, ligaments, which is why they are more vulnerable to other dislocations and other injuries.
Complications of dislocation can be:
- Break the muscles, ligaments and tendons;
- Damage to nerves and / or blood vessels in the dislocated joint;
- Increased likelihood of repeated sprains;
Arthritis - a variety of forms and complications
dislocated joint (this complication can occur years later, in old age).
Often diagnosed dislocation can be based on the results of a routine physical examination. However, to confirm the diagnosis and identify other damage can be used X-rays, and in some cases magnetic resonance imaging. MRI, however, is rarely used, as a rule only in cases of suspected serious damage to the soft tissue in the area of dislocation.
The choice of treatment depends on the type and localization of dislocation.
- Closed reduction - the process by which the physician reduce a dislocation without surgical intervention. If required, closed reduction is performed under local anesthesia.
- Immobilization. Once the bones of the joint return to its normal position, it is necessary to immobilize the joint by means of a locking device - the shroud, to and for several weeks. The exact duration of treatment depends on the type of dislocation.
- Surgery may be required if the dislocation were damaged blood vessels or nerves, and if the doctor was unable to straighten the joint by closed reduction. With frequent dislocations of the same joint may also require surgical treatment.
- Recovery. After removing the locking devices the patient must undergo physiotherapy rehabilitation program to restore joint mobility.
During treatment the patient is necessary to reduce or eliminate the burden on the sprained joint. For pain relief using cold compresses and pain.
It can be used to compress wrapped in a towel years or bags of frozen vegetables (avoid direct skin contact with ice). In the first few days it is necessary to apply a compress for 15-20 minutes every two to three hours. After two or three days, when the pain and inflammation decrease, start applying a heating pad to dislocate the joint.
Furthermore, the pain can be alleviated by means of drugs such as ibuprofen
Ibuprofen: anti-inflammatory drug
, Naproxen, paracetamol and
Paracetamol - is effective for moderate pain
. If they do not help, ask your doctor to prescribe a potent analgesic. If the pain does not decrease during the week and more, you must talk to your doctor - perhaps not entirely passed treatment successfully.
To reduce the risk of dislocation during contact sports be sure to use the available means of protection (eg, knee). If you have been dislocated, even after the end of treatment continue to perform a set of exercises that you showed a physiotherapist. It strengthens the muscles and ligaments, making them more elastic, thus reducing the probability of re-dislocation.