Modern methods of treatment of syphilis are focused on reducing the duration of treatment of this disease. Created in recent years, antibiotics penicillin allow us to reduce the long-acting treatment for syphilis
Treatment of syphilis - a laborious process
to just a few injections. But it can be treated not all patients with syphilis - for short-term courses of treatment, there are indications and contraindications.
Modern treatment of syphilis: Features
Today, experts are trying as much as possible is available to bring to the public a simple truth that is known in medicine for a long time: it is much easier to treat the early stages of any chronic disease than running when the disease will have its destructive effect on the body of the patient.
This truth fully applies to a chronic infection such as syphilis. In our time there is the improvement of treatment of this disease in the early stages, which is conducted on an outpatient basis. In principle, the treatment of syphilis virtually unchanged, for its treatment still apply antibiotics penicillin - pale treponema spirochete more than half a century has not acquired resistance (immunity) to these drugs.
Changes occur in the duration of treatment of early stages of syphilis. Treatment of early stages of syphilis is often carried out today with the help of penicillin long (extended) action (dyurantnyh drugs), composed of benzathine benzylpenicillin. That is modern dyurantnye drugs actually are analogues of domestic drug bitsillina.
To date dyurrantnym drugs include penicillin retarpen (pharmaceutical company Biohemi, Austria) and ekstentsillin (pharmaceutical company Ron- Poulenc Rorer, France).
Modern methods of treatment of syphilis in the early stages
Modern methods of treatment of syphilis are easy to use, but require a careful preliminary examination of the patient, clarifying the form and stage of the disease, and laboratory control cure. For the treatment of early syphilis dyurantnye used penicillin drugs manufactured using modern techniques - and ekstentsillin retarpen. The indications for their use are primary and secondary fresh syphilis
Syphilis - punishment of Venus
Sometimes - a latent secondary syphilis
Secondary syphilis - can proceed unnoticed for several years
. Dyurantnogo drug injection performed once a week, the amount can be from one to three, depending on the stage of syphilis and clinical appearances.
In addition, dyurantnye drugs recommended for preventive treatment of persons who were in a sexual or household contact with a syphilis, provided that from the moment of contact was not more than two months. In this case, the drug is administered singly.
Dyurantnyh advantage of penicillin is the high efficiency in the early stages of syphilis, ease of use on an outpatient basis (instead of 8 injections per day, only one injection per week) and relative hypoallergenic (formulated products using modern technologies so well cleaned).
But for the treatment of secondary recurrent syphilis many professionals apply dyurantnye form of penicillin is not recommended - their use does not guarantee complete removal of infection from the cerebrospinal fluid.
Effective treatment of syphilis in the late stages
Starting with secondary recurrent syphilis infection often produces complications in the internal organs and the central nervous system, so the treatment of such patients should be administered in a hospital with complex therapy.
Because antibiotics for the treatment of advanced stages of syphilis commonly used water-soluble forms of penicillin that are administered every three hours, that is, eight times a day. A more effective intravenous drip of these drugs - so create a more constant concentration of penicillin in the body of the patient.
Penicillin antibiotics but often produce allergic reactions, so the treatment of syphilis and other antibiotics used groups such as tetracyclines (doxycycline), macrolides (azithromycin, josamycin, clarithromycin), cephalosporins (ceftriaxone and others).
The structure of the complex treatment of advanced forms of syphilis also include bismuth preparations (biyohinol, bismoverol) - bismuth suppress vital functions of syphilis, has anti-inflammatory action. In the treatment of tertiary syphilis
Tertiary syphilis - the final stage of the disease
designate iodine, such as potassium iodide - it promotes resorption gummas and hillocks formed in skin, internal organs and central uneven system.
Sometimes it is necessary to use drugs and arsenic (novarsenola, miarsenola), but now doctors are trying to avoid their appointment due to significant side effects.
Assign also drugs that stimulate the body's defenses, such as pirogenal, prodigiozan, biogenic stimulators, immune modulators.
If the treatment is carried out correctly, there is a corresponding form of the disease, the syphilis can be cured at any stage. But, unfortunately, in the late stages of syphilis is not possible to completely eliminate the effects of the devastating effects on the agents of this infection.