Bacterial vaginitis - is an inflammatory process in the area of the vagina caused by a bacterial microflora. And as the normal vagina has a self-cleaning ability, the development of bacterial vaginosis should find out what caused the breach of the vaginal flora
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What is different from bacterial vaginosis bacterial vaginosis
In women of childbearing age the development of normal microflora of the vagina is supported female hormones, depending on the phase of the menstrual cycle. Normally, in the composition of the microflora of the vagina should prevail lactobacilli and some other beneficial bacteria, which is favorable for the life of the acidic environment. The acidic environment is supported by lactobacilli, secrete lactic acid.
The composition of the microflora of the vagina, and there are always opportunistic bacteria that can under certain circumstances cause the disease. These bacteria include certain types of staphylococci, gardnerelly and some other representatives of conditionally pathogenic microflora. The acidic environment inhibits their livelihoods. But if for some reason, the amount of normal microflora decreases acidity of the vagina is reduced (Ph rise) and conditionally pathogenic microflora begins to multiply rapidly, causing the first bacterial vaginosis, then bacterial vaginosis.
Bacterial vaginosis is called dysbiosis vagina, where the amount of pathogenic microflora exceeds the normal. But the inflammation in the vaginal walls wherein yet. Bacterial vaginosis is prolonged without passing to the inflammatory process, however, is a "time bomb" - the inflammatory process may begin at any time, such as after exposure to cold, stress
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Carried over a common infection and so on. Inflammation of the vagina caused by pathogenic microflora is called bacterial vaginosis.
Factors contributing to the development of bacterial vaginosis and bacterial vaginosis
Violation of the ratio of normal and pathogenic microflora of the vagina can be caused by a variety of factors, both external (exogenous) and internal (endogenous) origin. But most of those violations taking place today at the local or systemic administration of antibiotics. Therefore, the development of bacterial vaginosis and vaginitis prone women often ill colds, complicated by bronchitis, pneumonia, sinusitis, otitis media and other infectious and inflammatory processes, which require the use of antibiotics.
Long-term use of hormonal contraceptives also contributes to the development of these processes, as it causes a decrease of local immunity and allows opportunistic microflora to penetrate the vaginal mucosa, causing inflammation. The same effect is hormone therapy, including glucocorticoid hormones (e.g., rheumatoid arthritis, systemic connective tissue diseases - lupus erythematosus and scleroderma, etc.).
Reduced immunity contribute to some types of therapy used in the treatment of cancer (chemotherapy and radiotherapy), some endocrine disorders (decreased thyroid function, diabetes), blood diseases (leukemia, anemia).
Finally, the penetration of bacterial pathogens in the vaginal wall and the development of bacterial vaginosis contribute to abnormal development of reproductive organs - prolapse of the vaginal walls, gaping gender gap and so on. In that case, agents of infection in the vaginal area can be accessed from the anus (eg, E. coli).
Bacterial vaginosis can be secondary when infectious agents to penetrate the vagina of the internal genital organs - the uterus and its appendages, which often happens, for example, abortion and obstructed labor.
A sign of bacterial vaginosis is the appearance of heavy discharge with an unpleasant "fishy" odor. Other signs of dysbiosis vagina
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Bacterial vaginitis appearance of vaginal discharge
accompanied by other signs of inflammation: itching, burning sensation in the genital area, discomfort or pain in the abdomen, sometimes - frequent painful urination (a sign that the infection moved to the urethra).
But sometimes bacterial vaginosis are asymptomatic and can only be detected when viewed from a gynecologist. It is therefore important for every woman to regularly attend antenatal clinics.