- Shingles and chickenpox - from the same pathogen
The effects of herpes zoster
Since herpes zoster - is a consequence of the nerve ganglia in severe process is quite possible complications of the central nervous system in the form of meningitis and meningoencephalitis.
In the affected areas of the brain and spinal cord nerve cells can be destroyed. A consequence of this process may be persistent skin sensitivity disorders, paralysis, paresis, and so on. If the affected areas of the brain that are responsible for the respiratory and cardiovascular system (such as the medulla oblongata), the process can result in death of the patient. Shingles HIV infection often occurs with such complications.
If it affects hearing and vision might persistent violation of the functions of these bodies. In some cases, herpes infection can go to the internal organs.
Pain after a herpes zoster
Pain after a herpes zoster in most cases pass right away, but sometimes they persist and even for a long time. This is due to the fact that the herpes affects nerve cells, they are too sensitive to various influences and pain occur even by touching the skin of clothing. This condition is called post-herpetic neuralgia
Neuralgia - the scourge of the elderly
The intensity and duration of pain is largely dependent on the general condition of the patient and his or her age. At the young age of postherpetic neuralgia is rare and lasts no more than a few weeks, the pain at the same time are not very intense and are usually associated with touching the painful parts of the body.
In contrast, the elderly pain of this nature can arise not only from the touch, but in and of themselves and are kept for several months, sometimes a year or more. Pain these usually intense, the touch reminiscent of an electric current. Persistent pain and burning are and may significantly reduce quality of life of an elderly person. This is due to the fact that the elderly postherpetic neuralgia develops in the natural degenerative changes in the nervous system. The hardest of postherpetic neuralgia also develop in people with HIV infection.
Is it possible to confirm the diagnosis of herpes zoster laboratory?
The diagnosis of herpes zoster (just like chickenpox) usually put on the basis of the inspection - the disease has characteristic features. But in some cases, especially when atypical course, and there are no changes on the skin, require laboratory diagnosis. In such cases, a linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) in the blood, which locates antibodies to varicella zoster virus.
The first antibodies to appear after four days after onset of the disease, they belong to the immunoglobulin class M (IgM). These antibodies appear only at initial ingestion of varicella zoster virus, which is the background of chickenpox. But we can not exclude the initial entry into the body of the virus in adulthood and even old age - in this case, the disease usually occurs in the form of herpes zoster. But such cases are extremely rare.
IgM antibodies can be detected in blood within a few months (sometimes years) after undergoing a primary infection. Later in the blood appear antibodies of immunoglobulin class G (IgG), which persist in the blood for a lifetime. The presence of antibodies in the blood of this class allows the patient to confirm the diagnosis of herpes zoster.
Herpes zoster in children
Ringworm - not only infectious disease
in children it is very rare. Children usually suffer chickenpox - child highly contagious infectious disease that passes without a trace, leaving the immune system for life. Chickenpox usually flows easily without any complications.
Varicella zoster virus, but the body is not completely removed, and hides in the nerve ganglia. At normal immunity
Immunity - types and characteristics in children in adults
it does not threaten the child, but if the immune system is reduced, there are signs of herpes zoster. The appearance of herpes zoster in a child says that he has serious health problems. This child should be fully evaluated and identify the causes of violations of immunity. Often in the course of examination of such children detected cancer.
A newborn baby can become sick with chickenpox
Chickenpox: painful, but not dangerous
in that case, if the mother contracted the disease four days before birth and in her blood had not yet appeared antibodies to varicella zoster virus. The disease can then proceed very hard and have a generalized central nervous system.