While people suffer from oral herpes, probably for thousands of years, we have not yet found a means by which to get rid of this disease. However, there are drugs - primarily for outdoor use - which help to get rid of cold symptoms and make it less noticeable. It should be borne in mind that an ointment or gel from a cold on the lips will be most effective if you start using it as soon as possible - with the appearance of itching and mild irritation in the mouth, which often precedes the appearance of herpes rash. In such cases, an ointment for cold lips can reduce the life of the disease for 1-2 days.
The cold smear on the lip: acyclovir
Acyclovir is - it is probably the most common external agent for the treatment of oral herpes. Acyclovir ointment not only speeds up the healing of skin lesions, but also eases cold symptoms such as pain, burning and itching.
Acyclovir belongs to a class of antiviral drugs. It inhibits the multiplication of herpes simplex virus type 1
Herpes Type 1 - is rarely a significant threat to human
But it does not eliminate it, and does not prevent the infection to others. With the help of ointments containing acyclovir and can not prevent the exacerbation of herpes in the future.
Before and after applying the ointment acyclovir need to wash your hands thoroughly with soap and warm water. Wash your hands before using the ointment is necessary to exclude the possibility to bring an infection damaged skin (the risk is especially high when the blisters have burst, and had not time to heal), and after - to prevent the spread of infection to other parts of the body. For example, if the patient smazhet acyclovir cold on the lips, do not wash their hands and rubs his eyes, he can develop herpes eye infection - very unpleasant and sometimes dangerous disease.
Apply a cold acyclovir usually recommends five times a day (every three or four hours) over a minimum of four days. Apply it only on your skin - it should not get in your eyes, nose or in the mouth. If you get the ointment on the mucous membrane, rinse immediately with plenty of water.
Do not use acyclovir
Acyclovir - as it is safe?
more often than is recommended - it will not help you to quickly cure a cold, but can cause skin irritation.
It is important to apply acyclovir through approximately regular intervals - in this case it will operate most effectively. At least for a couple of hours after applying the ointment should not take a shower, swim, wash your face or brush your teeth.
The most common side effects of acyclovir ointment are burning, stinging and peeling lips. If these symptoms persist for a long time or quickly compounded, consult a doctor.
Before you start to use the ointment acyclovir, tell your doctor if you are allergic to any of its the Component (including non-active substance), and if you use some other external means. Pregnant and lactating women use acyclovir is possible only with a doctor's permission.
Cream cold on the lips with penciclovir also relates to antiviral drugs. Penciclovir should be applied on the herpes rash once in two hours; treatment lasts until symptoms disappear or as much as the doctor said. The rest of the drug is also used as acyclovir, and with the same precautions. Strict contraindication to the use of this medication is allergic or hypersensitivity to its components. It is also not recommended for use during pregnancy, lactation, but if necessary, in such cases, the doctor can begin to penciclovir.
Penciclovir rarely causes side effects, but sometimes uses his patients complain of headaches and irritation of the skin, where they applied the ointment. Typically, these side effects are mild and tested almost immediately after treatment.
If a cold on the lips causes severe itching, burning or pain, a doctor may recommend using ointment lipokainom - analgesic that blocks the transmission of pain impulses to the brain. If necessary, it is possible to use up to six times per day. Ointment with lidocaine is contraindicated or is appointed with special care for pregnant and nursing women, people with heart disease, liver or kidney problems, as well as those who receive certain types of antiarrhythmic drugs and beta-blockers.
The ointment should be applied to clean hands and clean skin.
Since lidocaine reduces the sensitivity of certain areas of the skin, when it is used it is not necessary to make hot or cold compress. Because the skin is less sensitive than usual, you can damage it without noticing the time that the temperature of the compress was too high or low.
Avoid contact with lidocaine ointment into his mouth. If you do swallow the ointment, contact a physician immediately.
Lidocaine ointment not redomendovana children under 12 years.
The most common side effects of lidocaine are redness and skin irritation. In rare cases, an ointment can cause a severe allergic reaction, signs of which are extensive skin rash, swelling, itching.
Dokonazol - a relatively new alternative to acyclovir and penciclovir. If the last two drugs inhibit viral replication, affecting its DNA, it does not dokonazol viruses to enter cells. It is assumed that the use of preparations with such a mechanism of action may prevent the emergence of strains that are resistant to certain drugs. In a study conducted to assess the effectiveness dokonazola, attended by 63 patients aged 17 to 60 years. In total, the study was cured 98 episodes of oral herpes; for the treatment of 48 of them used ointment dokonazolom, in other instances, the placebo
Placebo - an effective tool for self-hypnosis
. All patients were advised to start using the ointment with the appearance of the very first symptoms of oral herpes. The ointment was applied five times a day to as long as the cold lip
Cold on the lip - to solve the problem
not heal; the maximum duration of treatment was ten days. Patients who used dokonazol, colds disappeared on average, 5.7 days, while those who used a placebo - 7.3 per day.
Among the possible side effects of ointments dokonazolom - rash, itching, and dryness of the skin. Some patients immediately after applying the ointment feel itching and tingling in the skin, but these symptoms usually pass quickly.