- Tests for infections during pregnancy - check the body
Maternal largely determines the health of the unborn baby, so it is important to take all the time necessary examinations during pregnancy. Among other things, women are tested for a variety of infections that can somehow affect the process of fetal development. What tests are carried out on an infection
Tests for infections - important indicators
during pregnancy, and why are they so important?
Analysis on the disease, sexually transmitted diseases during pregnancy
Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), despite modern methods of contraception and diagnostic tools are very common, and among them particularly common chlamydia. Many STIs are asymptomatic or with mild symptoms, and, nevertheless, they can have a very negative impact on the development of pregnancy. Typically, tests for STDs do immediately after a woman found a pregnancy, even if the results were negative, over the next months, we need to continue, as before, to take measures for the prevention of STDs.
Should you have the slightest suspicion that you might catch an STD (for example, you have reason to believe that your partner is cheating on you), immediately contact your doctor to get tested again.
This must be done, and with the appearance of any alarming symptoms, such as unusual vaginal discharge. The analysis results are usually known within two or three days, and if necessary, your doctor may prescribe treatment immediately. Most STD in pregnant women are treated successfully and without adverse effects on the health of the child.
The HIV during pregnancy
Analysis of HIV - one of the mandatory tests for pregnant women, and it has made during his first visit to the gynecologist when the pregnancy is established (but ideally it should be done before conception). Timely identification of HIV is critical because it will take steps to reduce the chance of infection of the child during and after pregnancy.
Most HIV-infected women who do not have other health problems, pregnancy goes without any complications.
Analysis for hepatitis B in pregnancy
Hepatitis C - a virus that infects the liver, and many people do not cause symptoms. However, it can be transmitted from person to person, including from mother to child. The analysis does not hepatitis B
Hepatitis B - a dangerous inflammation of the liver
make all pregnant women. If you find that there is a risk of infection of the child, immediately after birth, he will be introduced hepatitis B vaccine - it will prevent the development of infections and serious liver disease in the future. Vaccination of children at birth appears effective in 90-95% of cases.
Assay for Hepatitis C during pregnancy
Hepatitis C can also be transmitted to the child and is therefore very important to detect it even before birth. However, the risk of infection is much lower than when the mother is ill with hepatitis B. If the infection occurred, the child will need expert help. Vaccinations against hepatitis C does not currently exist.
Approximately 95% of women at the time of pregnancy already have immunity to chickenpox or varicella. However, if you have never had chickenpox
Chickenpox: painful, but not dangerous
, It is necessary to inform the doctor; it can hold a blood test to check whether you have immunity. The disease chickenpox during pregnancy can be dangerous for both mother and child.
An analysis on intrauterine infection
It may be carried out after the birth or, less frequently during pregnancy. Intrauterine infection called infectious diseases of any fetus or newborn, which he contracted in utero. For diagnostic blood tests may be necessary (and also possibly urine and feces) mother, the child and, in some cases, placenta.
For example, to diagnose congenital rubella can be analyzed maternal blood, amniotic fluid analysis and blood of the newborn.
Most women have immunity to rubella pathogens, however, if the expectant mother does not know whether she did vaccinated against the disease in childhood, she should tell your doctor. He will do a blood test that identifies antibodies to rubella virus.
Rubella in the first four weeks of pregnancy can seriously affect the child's vision and hearing, as well as lead to defects in the development of the heart and brain. In such cases, it is often recommended abortion. The children who were born with congenital rubella are serious health problems, including cataracts
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and heart disease.
Analysis for toxoplasmosis during pregnancy
Usually do only when necessary, if a woman suspects she could be ill or if she had symptoms. This disease is transmitted through cat feces. It may cause serious harm to the child's health, so the disease should be diagnosed and treated in time.