Kidney stones may form during pregnancy due to the reduction of motor activity, hormonal changes, which entails a reduction in the immune system and susceptibility to infections (including the kidneys and urinary tract). Finally, the cause of kidney stones can be unhealthy diet.
Why do I get kidney stones in pregnant women
The reasons can be several. But the major role played by hormonal changes a woman. During pregnancy a woman's body there is a large number of the female sex hormone progesterone - it is necessary in order to prevent miscarriage
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At the same time, progesterone
Progesterone - norm and pathology
It creates conditions for the formation of kidney stones. The first matter is that progesterone inhibits the contractile activity of smooth muscles (those muscles of internal organs and blood vessel walls. Including physical activity is inhibited smooth muscles of the urinary tract, which contributes to stagnation of urine and the formation of stones in it.
Of great importance is also the physiological process of decline in immunity during pregnancy. That's why pregnant women so often have a variety of infectious and inflammatory processes in different organs. Including the infection can develop in the urinary tract. However, it is not always obvious, it is often asymptomatic. A combination of stagnant urine infections and contributes to the formation of stones.
Pregnancy is almost always accompanied by the appearance of sleepiness and lethargy, that is a decrease in physical activity. In the second trimester of pregnancy, these phenomena are like, but growing belly often limits the motor activity of women. It also contributes to the stagnation in the kidneys and urinary tract.
Of great importance and power of the pregnant woman. A large number of meat products promotes the formation of uric acid kidney stones, and - urate.
Finally, kidney stones in women could be before pregnancy, but if the disease is asymptomatic, a woman of him could not know. During pregnancy, a result of the above changes in the body and the disease could occur.
How to manifest themselves kidney stones in pregnant women
Stagnation of urine in the urinary tract can lead to the appearance of the first symptoms of nephrolithiasis. First of all, it is pain and blood in the urine. It is also possible occurrence of attacks of renal colic.
Pain is most often localized to one side of the lower back are aching and mild in nature. But sometimes they give in the crotch, thigh, abdomen. The appearance of blood in the urine indicates that the stone scraped wall of the renal pelvis or ureter. The combination of low back pain and blood in the urine should touch up on the idea of the possible formation of (or any) stone in the kidney or ureter.
Attacks of renal colic may start suddenly. The pain is very sharp, sometimes it is simply impossible to endure, he gives to his stomach and genitals. Often the attack of renal colic accompanied by nausea, vomiting and intestinal paresis. The stomach swells when it may show signs of intestinal obstruction.
Urination occurs with difficulty, with cutting, frequent micturition.
Is it dangerous to kidney stones during pregnancy
Attacks of renal colic during pregnancy is dangerous both to the woman, and child. Threat to the woman is that a sharp ischemia (bleeding) of the wall section of the pelvis or ureter may lead to tissue necrosis and severe complications from the pelvic organs. In addition, nephrolithiasis may be complicated by the addition of the infection and the development of pyelonephritis. The presence of stones in the kidneys and increase the risk of premature birth.
The risk of the disease to the fetus is to create conditions for spontaneous abortion
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and intrauterine infection of the fetus.
Kidney stones in pregnancy - how to help a woman?
A pregnant woman who was found kidney stones
Kidney stones: identify and treat
It recommends usually move more, drink more liquid (this is to prevent the formation of new stones). Sometimes a good result gives a radical change in diet (eg, reduction of consumption of meat products, if present in the urine urate salts).
In addition, prescribed medications, helps relieve spasms of smooth muscle - antispasmodics (eg, no-silos).
If a woman were frequent attacks of renal colic, sometimes it comes before the operation - the stones were removed endoscopically (gentle, with a special optical instrument) method.
Kidney stones during pregnancy - it is always dangerous, so the woman requires careful observation and treatment.