- Herpes during pregnancy: a danger for the child
Risk of herpes during pregnancy
Herpes during pregnancy is always a risk. But the most dangerous primary herpes infection which occurred during pregnancy. A woman's body and the child in this case vulnerable to infection, as not yet formed antibodies that can suppress the infectious-inflammatory process and prevent the virus penetration to the fetus.
Herpes simplex virus in pregnancy - how dangerous it is?
Any type of herpes during pregnancy is dangerous. Herpes simplex virus is very common in the environment, so it is especially dangerous. There are two types of herpes simplex virus - HSV-1 (it causes cold sores on the lips) and HSV-2 (causes genital herpes). Herpes simplex type 1
Herpes Type 1 - is rarely a significant threat to human
Pregnancy is less dangerous, because in most cases, he dwells in the body of a woman with child, so it developed a strong immunity, which protects the fetus from infection. Herpes on the lips, cold sores in the nose
Herpes in the nose - can prevent development of the disease
during pregnancy is caused by HSV-1.
But herpes simplex type 2 during pregnancy poses a real threat: primary herpes - is the risk of intrauterine infection of the fetus, and recurrent - the risk of infection of the child during birth. Especially dangerous is the genital herpes caused by HSV-2, in the event that a woman caught them during pregnancy. How does herpes pregnancy in this case?
The impact of herpes pregnancy during primary infection, when a woman already has a child, can be catastrophic. No wonder the herpes simplex virus is related to the TORCH infections - diseases that during pregnancy have a sharply negative effect on the fetus. The impact of herpes on the fetus in the first trimester of pregnancy leads to his death and abortion (miscarriage). Primary herpes in the second trimester of pregnancy leads to the development of fetal abnormalities are often incompatible with life. No less dangerous herpes late in pregnancy, so herpes during the third trimester of pregnancy can be dangerous not only for the fetus, but also for the mother, causing her inflammatory processes.
Recurrent herpes during pregnancy is less dangerous. But he is a threat to child transmission during childbirth. Therefore, the presence of recurrent infection and detection of female genital HSV-2, herpes before delivery necessarily being treated. Herpes and childbirth - a child is always a risk of infection, so often a woman suffering from genital herpes, recommend a delivery is cesarean.
Many are interested in the question of whether it is possible to become pregnant with herpes. Herpes will not prevent conception, of course, if it does not happen the defeat of internal genital organs of women or men, which would lead to infertility. Herpes and infertility combination of a rare, however, to an inflammatory process of viral origin can always join a bacterial infection develops purulent inflammation, which completed the development of adhesions and infertility. In this case, it is real, as the female and male infertility.
It is also relevant question of whether pregnant herpes and cold sores affect you pregnancy. The answer to these questions can only give a doctor after the preliminary examination. Pregnancy is not contraindicated in herpes, but it needs to be planned with preliminary full examination, treatment and strengthen the immune system
Strengthening the immune system - help the immune system
. Since herpes in this case will be of a chronic nature, it is not likely to harm the women or the fetus.
Herpes simplex during pregnancy can pose a serious threat, but only if the infection occurred after conception.
Herpes zoster in pregnancy
Herpes zoster (shingles), and chickenpox are caused by the same herpes virus type 3
Herpes type 3 - causes chicken pox and shingles
- Varicella zoster. Most of the women had chickenpox as a child, after which the body was the herpes virus type 3, which is "hidden" in the nerve ganglia and the time is in an inactive state. The virus is usually activated when lowered immunity.
And as during pregnancy the immune system always falls on the background of hormonal changes, many women have experienced the charm of herpes zoster. The disease causes a lot of discomfort, but the real danger to the health of mother and child is not.
More dangerously infected during pregnancy varicella - it is possible, if a woman is not a child suffered the infection. By the way, a woman can become infected as of a child with chicken pox, and from an adult suffering from shingles. But even if the infection occurred, it is not necessary, this should lead to serious consequences - in fact, the risk is not so great. If a woman has had chickenpox in the first trimester of pregnancy, the risk of fetal abnormality is tenths of a percent, in the subsequent pregnancy - no more than 2%.