The first teeth of the child - a significant date in its development

November 19th, 2014

 the child's first teeth
 The first baby teeth appear after six months. They can be cut as in 6 and 8-9 months - all included in the standard. Terms teething Teething: hard times  Teething: hard times
   depending on time of year, an infant food, as well as its genetic features. In any case, for the parents while the first teeth of the child - this time, alarms, sleepless nights and joyful expectation.


The appearance of the first teeth of the child

Bookmark teeth occurs in utero, about 6 weeks of pregnancy. At the beginning of the second trimester of pregnancy (15 weeks) beginning to form the hard tissue of the tooth - first dentin, enamel and then. And from the third trimester of pregnancy, gradually formed permanent teeth. A child is born with 36 follicles teeth, that is, on each jaw of the child present to 18 follicles: 10 time (4 incisors, 2 canines, 2 of the first large molars - molars, 2 second molar) and 8 permanent (4 incisors, 2 canines, 2 of the first large molars - molars).

At birth, the baby has a slight hypoplasia of the mandible. However, the structure of the mouth allows him to make effective sucking movements. It is these movements allow the final form of the lower jaw.

The first teeth in children The teeth in children - any abnormalities need treatment?  The teeth in children - any abnormalities need treatment?
   They appear in 6-8 months, but sometimes later.

Delayed eruption of teeth is not always linked to some kind of pathology - teeth erupt later than normal children during the cold season. In addition, delayed eruption of teeth may be hereditary feature.

The development of the roots of deciduous teeth begins shortly before the eruption of the crown, by this time almost completely formed. The first tooth in a child - it is usually central incisor on the lower jaw, for it is usually immediately cut through the second central incisor. In some children the first teeth erupt in the upper jaw - that's fine. The first molars in children - are the first molars, they are laid in utero and erupt just after first year on the lower jaw, and then at the top.

Total of 20 milk teeth, that's the order of their eruption:

  • central incisors in the lower jaw in 6-8 months;
  • central incisors in the upper jaw in 7-9 months;
  • lateral incisors on the lower jaw of 8-10 months;
  • lateral incisors in the upper jaw in 9-12 months;
  • first molars in the upper jaw - in 12-14 months;
  • first molars in the lower jaw - 14-16 months;
  • teeth on the upper jaw - 16-18 months;
  • teeth on the lower jaw - 18-20 months;
  • second molars in the upper jaw - 20-25 months;
  • second molars in the lower jaw - 25-30 months.


How are the first baby teeth

After the first teeth of enamel maturation occurs. A special role in this is played by saliva, which promotes mineralization of hard tissue of teeth. Lots of teeth weaker lapped saliva are less mineralized, they tend to dissolve. After the eruption of the tooth enamel it under the action of saliva gradually covered by a thin protein-carbohydrate film (pellicle) that protects the teeth and simultaneously involved in the regulation of permeability of enamel.

On the surface pellicle postponed soft plaque - bacterial deposits (plaque) is yellowish-white color, composed of bacteria, they produce acids and alkalis that break down tooth enamel. Mineralization of teeth (enamel saturation with minerals, mainly calcium) ends 3, 5-4 years. With five years begins resorption of roots of deciduous teeth Milk teeth - how they are formed?  Milk teeth - how they are formed?

Temporary teeth are different size, shape and color. They are smaller than permanent teeth, a convex crown, and a milky bluish color. Between the teeth there is usually a period - this is normal, allowing to grow the jaw bone. Over time, cutting surfaces and mounds of milk teeth begin to fade.


How to clean the first teeth baby

Soft plaque, which appears on the first baby teeth should be removed. To do this, brush your teeth How to brush your teeth: interesting facts  How to brush your teeth: interesting facts
   twice a day and rinse your mouth after every meal - it is enough to give the child a drink of water.

Start brushing your teeth is necessary since their eruption.

At first, the baby teeth cleaned using a silicone brush, put on the finger of the adult, and 10-12 months, you can already enjoy a special children's toothbrush. You can also brush your teeth with a clean cloth, not too pressing on the teeth without damaging the gums. Toothpastes, the better not to use it.

To your child's teeth were strong, up to a year it should not be given sweets. The child's diet should be administered enough fresh fruits, vegetables, fresh juices, dairy products.

The first teeth of the child in a year must inspect children's dentist who promptly detect all possible violations of the teeth and take the necessary measures for the treatment and prevention of complications.

Galina Romanenko

Article Tags:
  • teeth in children
  • teething

Teething - how to help the baby?

November 17, 2014

 Teething - how to help in this situation? Even with the right to a healthy baby teething Teething: hard times  Teething: hard times
   there are unpleasant sensations in the form of itching and pain in the gums. In frail children with reduced immunity teething may be complicated by the addition of an infection.


How to help your child with normal teething

When 6-8 months, babies first teeth are cut, it is accompanied by certain symptoms. All the children in this period become nervous, excitable, bad sleep, sometimes refuse the breast, but more often the other way around, find comfort and calm down a bit from the mother's breast. The child appears permanent excessive salivation, sometimes even slightly raised temperature (up to 37-37, 4̒˚S), he pulls into his mouth toys and tries to scratch them reddened swollen gums. This process is accompanied by burning and itching in the mouth.

A feature of the child's body is a tendency to the rapid spread of inflammation to the surrounding tissue, especially within the bodies performing the same function. Thus, inflammation of the gums in varying degrees, all suffer from gastro-intestinal tract of the child, since the mouth and ending with the stomach and intestines. Therefore it is not surprising if the child starts to spit up sometimes, it will have diarrhea or, conversely, constipation accompanied by abdominal distention and intestinal colic.

How can I help you:

  • give the child to handle special relief toys from rubber or silicone - teethers; These toys should be several times a day to wash with soap and water and parboil;
  • when regurgitation and problems with a chair, if the child is breast-fed, you can temporarily switch to feeding on demand, limited, perhaps even eliminating, the lure; while artificial feeding can be a time to reduce the daily amount of food, replacing it with an equal volume of liquid; new types of foods Introduce solid foods - how not to be mistaken with a choice of products?  Introduce solid foods - how not to be mistaken with a choice of products?
   during teething is not necessary to enter;
  • if the child does not sleep well after each feeding it can be taken into the fresh air - even very excited children usually fall asleep right away, especially in the cold season; the evening before bedtime Dreams: how to understand our dreams  Dreams: how to understand our dreams
   We need to ventilate the room;
  • in order to reduce the burning and itching in the gums, they must be applied and gently rub a special tool, for example, gel Kalgel - combined preparation with analgesic and antibacterial effect for topical application; in the Kalgel includes: local anesthetic lidocaine, cetylpyridinium chloride antiseptic; Gel should be applied to inflamed gums to 6 times a day.


How to help your child with complicated dentition

Baby teeth begin to erupt after six months, just at a time when the immune system weakens, transmitted by the mother during pregnancy. Children receiving breastfeeding are thus in a better position, because the antibodies transmitted and mother's milk. And here at the bottle-immunity may be reduced significantly, which may in turn lead to the development of a variety of bacterial complications of viral infections or accession. Reduced immunity is also premature infants and children with perinatal lesions of the nervous system, have had rickets and other diseases.

A sign of infection is a connection to the temperature rise 38˚S above. In this case, you should call your doctor and carefully carry out all of his appointment. If the child has symptoms of stomatitis, the oral cavity is treated with preservatives, e.g., an aqueous solution of aniline dyes (methylene blue) or Vinylinum.

With the reduction of the immunity the baby can become infected with an acute respiratory infection (ARI). In that case it will rhinitis and cough. Treatment is carried out only on prescription. Nose drops may be washed Aqua Maris (based on sea water) and then burying vasoconstrictive drops (e.g. nazivin - nose drops for children), but not more than three times a day.

Teething children The teeth in children - any abnormalities need treatment?  The teeth in children - any abnormalities need treatment?
   up to a year may be complicated by an intestinal infection.

In this case, the child raises the temperature to high numbers, there is a frequent diarrhea and sometimes vomiting. Treat the child's own, in this case the parents can not be too great a risk of complications and especially dehydration.

Intestinal infection is treated with antibacterial drugs and replenish lost fluids. If the child does not vomit, and he can drink, you can drink salt solutions (eg, rehydron). In the case where the vomiting does not allow to hold the ingested liquid drug solutions appointed intravenously.

When teething how to help your child be able to tell a doctor.

Galina Romanenko

Article Tags:
  • teething