- Osteochondrosis - the most common disease of the musculoskeletal system
- Chest and waist
- First aid
Osteochondrosis - one of the most frequent diseases. In the second half of his life he was to some extent evident in many people, but sometimes even at a young age. Often the symptoms resemble symptoms of osteoarthritis of internal diseases. Therefore, it is important to promptly seek medical advice and conduct a complete examination.
The causes of osteoarthritis
Osteochondrosis - a degenerative disease of the spine, especially the intervertebral discs (depreciation pads
Feminine pads - talk about wings
between the vertebrae, which are composed of the nucleus pulposus, surrounded by a fibrous ring). Under the influence of the complex causes the intervertebral disc initially covered with cracks, and then lose the elasticity, and finally disintegrate. The process ends with rupture of the fibrous ring and extruded nucleus pulposus outside of the fibrous ring with the formation of disc herniation, which can compress the spinal roots disks and severe pain.
Why there is osteochondrosis? Causes of osteoarthritis may be different, but they are likely to be several.
Today, it found that very often the main cause of degenerative disc disease are congenital or hereditary features of the structure of bone and cartilage and ligamentous apparatus of the spine (congenital osteochondrosis).
Chances ill osteochondrosis such people increases, if they are overweight, engaged in heavy physical labor, do not eat, and so on (early osteochondrosis). Such people may develop low back pain nerves after suffering stress.
The reason for the development of osteoarthritis can be various vascular disorders that lead to the disruption of supply and the development of tissue metabolic and degenerative processes. Various traumas can also cause disorders of blood circulation and associated metabolic disorders (post-traumatic osteochondrosis).
The causes of osteoarthritis may be in hormonal disorders
Hormonal disorders - oversupply and a lack of equally dangerous
For example, in the menstrual cycle, multiple endocrine diseases (e.g., diabetes), and so forth.
One of the most common causes of degenerative disc disease is a sedentary lifestyle combined with an unhealthy diet and obesity. Very often develop low back pain in the elderly.
There are several classifications of osteoarthritis. By localizing the following types of degenerative disc disease: cervical, thoracic, lumbar and sacral. A common low back pain is called, in which the pathological process involves two or more parts of the spine.
By the degree of changes in the intervertebral discs and the course of the disease distinguish 4 stages of osteoarthritis:
- I stage (initial stage of osteoarthritis, low back pain 1 degree) - minor changes in the intervertebral discs, a slight indisposition and discomfort in the relevant field;
- Stage II (osteochondrosis of 2 degrees) - protrusion (bulging of the disc into the spinal canal without breaking the fibrous ring) disc, reducing the distance between the vertebrae, pinched nerves, pain;
- Stage III (osteochondrosis grade 3) - the appearance of intervertebral hernia and a significant deformity of the spine;
- Stage IV (osteochondrosis 4 degrees) - ordinary movements become a cause severe pain that is associated with the growth of bone tissue and a decrease in the mobility of the spine, ie, a combination of degenerative disc disease and deforming spondylarthrosis (sometimes called a state of "deforming osteochondrosis", but this is not correct); disability osteochondrosis often develops at this stage.
Patients often ask what osteochondrosis dissecans. This type of pathology to osteochondrosis has nothing, he is osteochondropathy - joint diseases of unknown origin, developing in childhood and adolescence. Osteochondrosis dissecans or disease characterized by Koenig blood circulation in some areas of cartilage of the joints, which leads to their necrosis and rejection. Most often it develops in the knee joint.
How is low back pain
The changes in the intervertebral disc injury occurs and nerve root compression and blood vessels supplying the tissue, which in turn causes inflammation, swelling and pain. Swelling in osteochondrosis developed locally in the area compresses the spinal nerves and the surrounding tissues. The initial symptoms of degenerative disc disease are connected with these phenomena. Acute low back pain may occur for the first time when such seemingly subtle changes in the spine imposed some external effects, such as weight lifting, a sharp turn of the neck or torso, and so on. Neurologic manifestations of osteochondrosis in such cases can be pronounced (terry osteochondrosis): severe pain and muscle spasm, in which a man frozen in a forced position.
The sharp compression leads to the development of inflammation, so you might even rise in temperature in osteochondrosis, although low back pain, and temperature effects are usually not interconnected. Temperature osteochondrosis often increased or decreased locally in tissues where the infringement occurred innervation or blood circulation. Osteochondrosis, and lymph nodes
Lymph nodes - what keeps our immune system
usually unrelated, but in the development of inflammation in the nerve fibers of the disadvantaged and the surrounding tissues of the lymph nodes may slightly increase.
In the future, the pain intensifies and makes permanent due to overgrowth of bone (osteophytes). In this case, there is a constant compression of the roots - develop chronic low back pain. Although, if you look, chronic disease develops initially. The aggravation of degenerative disc disease occurs when sudden movements or colds - attack begins osteoarthritis, chronic pain when suddenly enhanced by compression of spinal nerve roots. The compression takes place inflammation and swelling of the nerve (sciatica). Osteochondrosis and sciatica - the phenomenon inseparable.
Depending on which nerve fibers are damaged in any region of the spine, there may be a variety of symptoms of osteochondrosis.
Vegetative-vascular disorders (vascular dystonia - VSD) occur at squeezing and swelling vegetative fibers that make up the roots. IRR and low back pain is also very common combination - can dramatically increase or, conversely, decrease blood pressure (BP), to appear tachycardia (tachycardia), and so on. Nausea with osteochondrosis, trembling of the limbs (tremors), osteochondrosis, panic attacks
Panic attacks - fear of nowhere
osteochondrosis (sudden onset of fear) - are connected with the IRR. Insomnia with osteochondrosis may be associated as a VSD, and with pain.
In multiple sclerosis, the back muscles support the spine virtually, and therefore the effects of degenerative disc disease can progress - some refer to this state as diffuse low back pain, although in reality there is no such name.
The main symptoms of the disease depend on which part of the spine affected: at the cervical, thoracic, lumbar and sacral osteochondrosis may be different manifestations.