- Treatment of the spine: conservative and operative methods
Principles of treatment of diseases of the spine
Spine - is the main pillar of our entire body, so any changes and diseases of the spine, which can lead to his removal, can cause changes in the internal organs and systems of the body. Thus, changes in the thoracic spine leads to disruption of the heart and lungs, lumbar - renal, cervical - the brain, and so on.
The spine and diseases
Spine - the main part of the skeleton, the support of the whole body, which is located inside the spinal cord. The vertebrae are connected to each other by means of continuous and discontinuous compounds that provide greater stability to the spine on one side and the other with sufficient mobility. Between the individual vertebrae are located intervertebral discs - shock absorbing device of the nucleus pulposus surrounded by dense connective tissue.
Diseases of the spine can be congenital (congenital malformations of the vertebrae themselves or the connections between them), arise as a result of various injuries (bruises, fractures) or diseases.
Principles of treatment of all diseases of the spine are reduced to what should be eliminated as much as possible to load it. The loads on the spine can be different: weight lifting, the body turns active, tremors, static (load position) loads. Only after the removal of the load on the spine and correct diagnosis possible accession of other treatments. All treatments of the spine can be divided into conservative and operative.
Conservative methods include medication, physiotherapy, manual therapy
Chiropractic: the main thing - to choose the competent expert
Reflexology - a policy of non-drug therapies
, Physiotherapy and massage. Operative treatment is carried out strictly on the testimony.
Spinal traction allows you to remove a spasm of back muscles, increase the distance between the vertebrae to improve blood supply to the spine. Long stretches of the spine is not applicable, it is prescribed courses for 10-20 procedures. Traction can be dry (by means of special tables and couches) and underwater, for which also have their own tools.
Drug treatment of diseases of the spine
Drug treatment of diseases of the spine is assigned depending on the reason, their caller. If this inflammation, the anti-inflammatory treatment is prescribed, if the spine is an exchange violation, another tactic - prescribers, restores the structure of bone tissue in improving blood flow.
But in any case, strong pain treatment begins with their removal. To do this, assign different drugs relieve pain and swelling of tissue (if any). A good analgesic effect, for example, have the preparations of NSAIDs (Voltaren, phenylbutazone, etc.).
To strengthen the muscles of the back and limbs, which can significantly reduce the load on the spine, prescribe a course of electrical stimulation. Beautiful effect based on the improvement of metabolic processes in the tissues and improving blood supply to provide mud
Mud - a pleasant and useful procedure
and water treatment (therapeutic showers, baths, for example, hydrogen sulfide).
In order to prescribe a course of anesthesia electrophoresis analgesic drugs, to accelerate tissue repair processes prescribed course of magnetic therapy.
Manual therapy - is the elimination of a variety of changes in the human body by hand. The techniques of manual therapy in some cases, allow you to restore relations vertebrae to achieve improvement in the herniated disc, etc.
The course of manual therapy usually consists of 10-20 sessions. For manual therapy has a number of contraindications are: advanced age (the bones become brittle, easily broken), severe general condition, the administration of drugs that prevent clotting (threat of internal bleeding), changes in the blood vessels of the spinal cord, ankylosing spondylitis, rheumatism, any malignant and benign tumors, sprains and fractures of the spine, skull injuries with intracranial hemorrhage, abnormal development of the spine and the skull.
Massage and reflexology
Courses massage strengthens the muscles of the back and extremities, improves blood circulation (and, hence, improve metabolism).
Reflexology - is the impact of different methods for special facilities- on the human body, each of which is "responsible" for this or that area of the body. Reflexology can be carried out with the help of massage, moxibustion sagebrush cigarettes, acupuncture
Acupuncture - the ancient traditions in the service of modern science
In the treatment of all diseases of the spine particular importance is attached to the movements. To this end, immediately after the acute condition of the patient is assigned a special rate of dosage of therapeutic exercises, aimed at a gradual increase in range of motion. Without therapeutic exercises in patients with diseases of the spine can remain limited in his movements.
Operations are conducted only when conservative treatments do not help, or for some reason can not be applied. At present, a significant amount of endoscopic surgery is that achieves minimal injury. Conducted operations on intervertebral disks, various types of bone grafting, etc.
If you have a disease of the spine, then entrust his treatment doctor, "granny" methods can only be optional and used only with the permission of the attending physician.