- Boils and carbuncles - do not squeeze or open yourself
- On the face
- On the buttocks
- Risk factors and complications
Risk factors and complications
Boils - a painful, pus-filled blisters that begin to form under the skin when bacteria cause inflammation in the hair follicles. First, the skin appear reddish, painful swelling. They quickly fill with pus, increase in size and become more painful until they rupture and pus does not flow out.
After that, the place where the boil, covered with a crust and gradually heals. Small boils usually disappear without a trace, and the place of large scars may remain. Sometimes in one place it is formed several boils. Such clusters commonly called carbuncles.
If you have a single boils, go to the doctor is not required. They are in any case can not pierce or crush. If you were formed on the skin is very painful boils, and if they do not go away within two weeks, or their appearance is accompanied by a fever, call your doctor.
You should also see a doctor if a boil appeared on the face or back, and if they appear very often.
Boils can appear anywhere on your skin, but most often they appear on the face, neck, armpits, buttocks or hips, that is covered with hair areas where you can sweat or rub the skin. The symptoms of boils are usually the following:
- painful, red bump the size of a pea
- red, swollen skin around the tubercle
- tubercle increase in size for several days, as it is filled with pus (sometimes can reach the size of a golf ball)
- the appearance of a yellow-white tops of hillocks, which eventually breaks and gives exit pus
Once the boil breaks and flows, the pain usually subsides. Small boils usually disappear without scarring, but larger boils can leave scars.
Carbuncles - a cluster of boils that usually appear on the back of the neck, shoulders or sides.
- cause more serious infection than single boils
- developed and tested more slowly than single boils
- often leave scars
Symptoms that accompany the appearance of carbuncles:
- general malaise
Boils are usually formed when one or more hair follicles penetrate staph bacteria. These bacteria, which normally live on your skin and sometimes in the throat and nasal passages, can cause a variety of serious illnesses, including pneumonia and endocarditis - an infection of the inner lining of the heart. They are one of the most common causes of many diseases for which treatment is required hospitalization.
The staph bacteria that cause boils, usually penetrate the skin through cuts, scratches or other damage to the skin. To cope with the infection at this point accumulated neutrophils that leads to inflammation and pus formation in which there are dead white blood cells, bacteria and dead skin cells.
Close contact with a person suffering from an infection caused by Staphylococcus especially high probability of boils those that live with people who appear regularly boils and / or carbuncles.
In this disease, the body is more difficult to deal with infections, so they can develop more often than usual.
- Other diseases of the skin
Some diseases, such as acne and eczema
Eczema - is difficult to treat
, Destroy the protective barrier of the skin, due to which it becomes more vulnerable to staphylococcus.
- Weakened immune system
The immune system - how it works?
If the immune system for some reason diminished, risk of furuncles greatly increased.
It boils rarely causes complications, but they are heavy.
In some cases the bacteria from penetrating into the blood boil and distributed in various parts of the body. Blood poisoning, or sepsis can lead to infections such as endocarditis and osteomyelitis
Osteomyelitis: severe inflammatory disease
. In itself, a blood infection, which is characterized by high fever, rapid breathing and increased heart rate can lead to septic shock, which is a life-threatening condition or a sharp decrease in blood pressure.
- Methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus (MRSA)
Another potentially dangerous complication can be the appearance of staph bacteria that is resistant to traditional treatments. About half of staph bacteria that is found in the analysis time doctors are resistant to many antibiotics
Antibiotics - whether they will help you in the foreseeable future?
Including methicillin. The appearance of MRSA caused doctors used other antibiotics, such as vancomycin, but some types of staph bacteria have become less prone and its application.
Small boils can be treated with warm compresses - they reduce pain and speed up recovery. Large boils doctors sometimes pierce and output pus. It relieves pain; after the procedure boils speeding and the likelihood of scarring is reduced.
For the treatment of severe, recurrent infections and infections caused by MRSA antibiotics are used.