- Psoriasis - immune system alarm
- How to start
As psoriasis begins
As there is psoriasis? Most often the beginning of psoriasis are associated with a specific precipitating factor: past infection (flu, sore throat, etc.), alcoholic excesses, prolonged sun exposure, stress and other things. But in some cases, such a provoking factor can not be identified.
The initial stage of psoriasis may start with the appearance on the body point or drop-shaped lesions, slightly protruding above the surface of the skin. Such eruptions can cover all parts of the body. Sometimes, teardrop-shaped lesions typical replaced by papules with scaly surface, papules coalesce to form plaques. Plaques can acquire the most fantastic shapes, occupying a significant surface of the body. At the stage of disease progression in a patient may be a small rise in temperature, general weakness and malaise. The first signs of psoriasis are accompanied by severe itching of the skin and the appearance of new elements of an eruption at squeezing or scratching of the skin. Itching in psoriasis is a sign of early stage (advanced stage).
Peculiarities of psoriasis
For psoriasis is characterized by a long chronic course with frequent (up to several times per year) exacerbations. Many patients with exacerbations are associated with the time of year (winter or summer, psoriasis). But sometimes there are off-season for psoriasis. Typically, this option is more severe psoriasis current season as the manifestations of psoriasis are not associated with the season, and there are practically no periods of remission.
If you conduct a systematic treatment of psoriasis
Advances in the treatment of psoriasis
under the supervision of a physician, it is possible to achieve long-term remission, up to several years or even decades. But mostly, psoriasis still flowed sufficiently frequent exacerbations. This remission of the disease may not be complete - on the extensor surface of the elbow and knee joints may remain isolated "duty" of the plaque. For any external influence such incomplete remission goes into a detailed disease. Exacerbation of psoriasis may be associated skin trauma, certain medications (eg, hormonal contraceptives, B-blockers, lithium and arsenic drugs, antimalarials, and so on), spirits, past infection and stress.
But in some cases the unit "on duty" plaque persist for decades, without going into a full relapse.
The current severe psoriasis - joint, pustular and erythrodermic usually progressive. This form of psoriasis can occur, both independently and combining with each other, as well as some forms of psoriasis simple. Signs of psoriasis at the same time may resemble many other diseases.
The symptoms of psoriasis can occur in women as in plain simple psoriasis, and as a "reverse" of psoriasis with skin lesions reddening at the joints of limbs, under the breasts and in the genital area. This is especially true for larger women.
How dangerous psoriasis
Psoriasis is dangerous, above all, its complications, that is, the development of severe forms, which usually result from untreated or improperly psoriasis vulgaris. Today, there was a clear tendency to increase the number of patients suffering from severe psoriasis - psoriatic arthritis, pustular psoriasis
Pustular psoriasis - a severe form of the disease
and psoriatic eritrdermiey who actually are the complications of psoriasis. It is these forms of disabling psoriasis - a condition where the psoriasis and work are incompatible. In some cases, severe psoriasis lead to patient's death.
Thus, psoriatic arthritis
Arthritis - a variety of forms and complications
It can lead to immobility of the patient, as well as the disruption of metabolic processes and microcirculation of blood in the internal organs. And this, in turn, is fraught with cerebrovascular, renal and many other complications in the internal organs.
Pustular psoriasis - is a serious illness that can be complicated by the addition of infections and sepsis. Withdraw patient from such a state will be difficult. For severe violations and death of the patient and can cause psoriatic erythroderma.
Finally, the long-term course of the skin process is always negative impact on the nervous system of the patient. Therefore, neurosis - is one of the most frequent complications of psoriasis.
Diagnosis of psoriasis
How to recognize psoriasis? It is necessary to consult a doctor, dermatologist and conduct a survey. Psoriasis can be similar to the manifestation of other skin diseases. Differential diagnosis of psoriasis allow to distinguish it from pink zoster, syphilis manifestations, seborrheic eczema. Pustular psoriasis is sometimes necessary to differentiate from streptococcal surface (skin infection caused by streptococcus) and microbial eczema, psoriasis warty - tuberculosis of the skin
TB skin - a rare form of the disease
And joint psoriasis - with osteochondrosis and rheumatoid arthritis.
How to determine psoriasis? The diagnosis of psoriasis is usually made on the basis of medical examination and identification of the triad of features characteristic of psoriatic lesions. Analyses of psoriasis typically does not reveal the characteristic disorders, but they are made to rule out other diseases.
The diagnosis "psoriasis" is put in when in the capture of a study by biopsy site rash piece of skin found accumulations of so-called cells Rete, thickening of the surface layer of skin cells (keratinocytes), their histological immature and too rapid multiplication (proliferation), a large concentration of skin skin in T lymphocytes and macrophages (Munro's microabscesses) and accelerated growth of tiny blood vessels in the skin.
Psoriasis Diagnosis - is, above all, the exclusion of others like him, disease.
How to get rid of psoriasis
Completely get rid of psoriasis can not be, but to maintain remission for a long time - is quite real. To do this, use different methods of treatment.
Removing the exacerbation of psoriasis? Only by appointment and under the supervision of a physician. Drug treatment in advanced stage includes drugs, relieves inflammation (mainly ointments containing steroids). In the stationary stage and regressing aid psoriasis includes ointments containing synthetic analogs of vitamin D3 (e.g., Psorkutan) based ointment tar and naphthalan.
Systemic treatment of psoriasis is performed only in severe disease and selected individually for each patient. Plasmapheresis in psoriasis prescribed only in the treatment of severe forms of the disease.
Massage in psoriasis, a solarium with psoriasis should be used with caution, only on prescription and in remission.
Prevention of psoriasis is the prevention and timely elimination of diseases that contribute to the emergence of the disease. Of great importance are adherence to a healthy lifestyle, proper diet, work and rest, avoiding harmful habits.
Cosmetics in psoriasis can be used only in remission when no skin rash.