Clotrimazole - Cream for the treatment of fungal infections of the skin. It has not only an anti-fungal, and anti-inflammatory, a drying action. It is used for fungal and mixed bacterial and fungal infections, which are accompanied by weeping.
How does clotrimazole cream
1% clotrimazole cream as the active principle contains imidazole clotrimazole, excipients are cetyl alcohol, petroleum jelly
Vaseline: old friend
, Glycerol, Tween-80, nipagin, distilled water.
Clotrimazole is a broad antifungal spectrum. Depending on the dose of clotrimazole inhibits or destroys vital functions of cells of most pathogenic fungi causing fungal infections in humans. The action of clotrimazole is associated with suppression of the synthesis of biologically active substances involved in the formation of membrane fungi (ergosterol). With a lack of ergosterol cell membranes become permeable and passed into the cells substances harmful to them.
When applied to the skin clotrimazole rapidly absorbed mainly in the superficial layers of the skin (epidermis), but also in the middle layers (dermis) also accumulates clotrimazole sufficient to exert a therapeutic effect. The blood with topical clotrimazole near misses and does not have a general (systemic) effects on the body.
High sensitivity to clotrimazole show dermatophyte fungi (pathogens Microsporum, Trichophyton, and athlete), yeast fungi of the genus Candida, molds and pathogens scaly (colored) stripping and erythrasma.
Clotrimazole and has a bactericidal action, so the cream can be used in mixed bacterial and fungal infections. Sensitivity to clotrimazole exhibit some Gram-positive (streptococci, staphylococci) and Gram (gardnerelly) pathogens of bacterial origin.
In what cases and how to apply the cream clotrimazole
Clotrimazole 1% cream is used for weeping fungal and bacterial infections, fungal smooth skin, skin folds of the feet and hands, caused by sensitive pathogens:
- inguinal athlete, accompanied by friction and weeping in the skin folds;
- at athlete's foot with blisters and erosions;
- candidiasis candidiasis smooth skin and skin folds with weeping, and irritation;
- in any other fungal and bacterial and fungal infections, accompanied by weeping.
The cream is applied in a thin layer on clean skin and a slightly-dried two - three times a day and rub gently, taking care not to damage the elements of an eruption. Cleanses the skin with soap with a neutral pH. Candidiasis of the skin, skin folds and jock itch
Jock itch: fungal infection
treatment is carried out during the month, with athlete's foot - to the complete disappearance of symptoms and another two weeks after that. If there is no therapeutic effect within a month of the drug, you should seek medical advice.
In some cases, you can not use clotrimazole cream
The use clotrimazole cream is contraindicated in hypersensitive to the components of the drug in the first trimester of pregnancy (clotrimazole can enter the bloodstream and penetrate through the placenta to the fetus). Do not use clotrimazole cream for the treatment of fungal infections of the organs of vision. With careful use of clotrimazole cream while feeding the baby
Breastfeeding - a personal choice
feeding, while it can not be applied to the skin of the mammary glands.
The side effects and the possibility of an overdose
Clotrimazole cream when used correctly by a doctor are usually very well tolerated, however, side effects such as skin irritation and allergic reactions do occur. When an allergic reaction cream is canceled if there is a local reaction in the form of skin irritation, the decision to remove the drug takes a doctor.
For external use cream overdose is impossible. But sometimes mistakenly cream can get inside, causing nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain
Abdominal pain: Types and Symptoms
, Disruption of the liver, drowsiness, hallucinations, frequent urination, allergic skin reactions. In such cases, you should wash the stomach to take a few tablets of activated charcoal and call an ambulance.
Clotrimazole Cream - an effective antifungal drug which is used for weeping fungal and bacterial and fungal infections of the skin. Fungal infections are best treated by a physician and under the supervision of laboratory tests.