Capillary hemangioma - bad skin defect

December 24th, 2011

 capillary hemangioma
 Hemangiomas are of various kinds, but the most common is a capillary hemangioma or simple. Capillary hemangiomas may be as a single large or multiple small. The approach to treatment of hemangiomas are usually different.

 Capillary hemangioma - bad skin defect

What is a capillary hemangioma and how it manifests itself

Capillary (spotted, simple, flat) hemangioma - a surface located in the area of ​​skin benign tumor A benign tumor - is not always safe  A benign tumor - is not always safe
 Which consists of interwoven and sometimes interconnected walls of small blood vessels. A number of the capillaries of the tumor is in the sleeping state and is elongated strands. Capillary hemangiomas tend to infiltrate (penetrate) growth.

The most common capillary bruising of the skin and mucous membranes, located in the head and neck. They appear or immediately after birth or during the first three months of life, and increased as the child grows. This hematoma can cover a large area on the face and neck and create a significant cosmetic defect.

Externally capillary hemangioma is a smooth or rough spot of pink, red or bluish-purple color, which is or is flush with healthy skin, or slightly above it. The shape and size of capillary hemangioma can be very different. When pressed on the hemangioma it fades, and then quickly regains its color. Sometimes hemangioma is in the center of the point from which the rays diverge as small dilated blood vessels. This so-called star-shaped capillary hemangioma.

Mixed forms of hemangiomas occur when the surface is combined with capillary cavernous subcutaneous, in the form of cavities divided into compartments. In this case, the outside of the skin visible spot at which the node is located deeper hemangioma.

Capillary hemangiomas are rarely maligiziruetsya, that is reborn into a malignant tumor Malignant tumor: cells are mad  Malignant tumor: cells are mad
 Nevertheless, there are such cases. More often hemangiomas ulcerate, especially in young children. In this case, small hemangiomas may spontaneously recover. Extensive hemangiomas after ulceration persist, on the contrary, they can be complicated for the accession of infection and bleeding.

 Capillary hemangioma - bad skin defect


Capillary hemangiomas can be determined by appearance. But this is not always possible to know when the degree of spread in the surrounding tissues. To find out, an ultrasound study, which shows how far penetrates hemangioma.

Sometimes, in order to detect a blood vessel supplying hemangioma, radiography vessels (angiography), it may be necessary for treatment.

 Capillary hemangioma - bad skin defect


Treatment capillary hemangiomas depends on its size, location and extent of growth. Most often, when small hemangiomas are treated only in the case of progressive growth. In this case it is assumed that the earlier treatment is to conduct better. When ulceration is small (1 to 5 cm in diameter) are not prone to the rapid growth of capillary hemangioma just watch her.

Capillary hemangiomas tend to be removed in early childhood, while she had not yet grown. The tumor can be surgically excise all at once or in stages, so often remove large capillary hemangioma. Small capillary hemangioma can be removed by electrocautery (electric shocks), but it is painful method.

Sclerotherapy capillary hemangiomas - is the introduction into the tumor specific solutions that cause inflammation at first, and then zapustevanie blood vessels and tumor development at the site of connective tissue. Treatment of painful and long lasting. So treated only small capillary hemangiomas, and after sclerotherapy Sclerotherapy - the fight against varicose veins  Sclerotherapy - the fight against varicose veins
   large capillary hemangioma may be severe scarring.

Cryosurgery - removal of capillary hemangiomas cold - it's more gentle method, it is quite common today, is used to treat small and medium-sized capillary hemangiomas. Most often used for this purpose liquid nitrogen. The technique is effective in small capillary hemangiomas.

Radiation therapy is also quite gentle technique that has its indications and contraindications. At an early age are radiosensitive and capillary gamangiomy bluish purple color.

Also used hormone therapy Hormone therapy - is it possible to fool nature?  Hormone therapy - is it possible to fool nature?
   - Impact on the capillary hemangioma glucocorticoid hormones.

Capillary hemangioma - it's primarily a cosmetic defect, which is best to remove early childhood until the tumor has not grown.

Galina Romanenko

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  • hemangioma

Clotrimazole - cream with antifungal effect

September 11, 2013

 clotrimazole cream
 Clotrimazole - Cream for the treatment of fungal infections of the skin. It has not only an anti-fungal, and anti-inflammatory, a drying action. It is used for fungal and mixed bacterial and fungal infections, which are accompanied by weeping.

 Clotrimazole - cream with antifungal effect

How does clotrimazole cream

1% clotrimazole cream as the active principle contains imidazole clotrimazole, excipients are cetyl alcohol, petroleum jelly Vaseline: old friend  Vaseline: old friend
 , Glycerol, Tween-80, nipagin, distilled water.

Clotrimazole is a broad antifungal spectrum. Depending on the dose of clotrimazole inhibits or destroys vital functions of cells of most pathogenic fungi causing fungal infections in humans. The action of clotrimazole is associated with suppression of the synthesis of biologically active substances involved in the formation of membrane fungi (ergosterol). With a lack of ergosterol cell membranes become permeable and passed into the cells substances harmful to them.

When applied to the skin clotrimazole rapidly absorbed mainly in the superficial layers of the skin (epidermis), but also in the middle layers (dermis) also accumulates clotrimazole sufficient to exert a therapeutic effect. The blood with topical clotrimazole near misses and does not have a general (systemic) effects on the body.

High sensitivity to clotrimazole show dermatophyte fungi (pathogens Microsporum, Trichophyton, and athlete), yeast fungi of the genus Candida, molds and pathogens scaly (colored) stripping and erythrasma.

Clotrimazole and has a bactericidal action, so the cream can be used in mixed bacterial and fungal infections. Sensitivity to clotrimazole exhibit some Gram-positive (streptococci, staphylococci) and Gram (gardnerelly) pathogens of bacterial origin.

 Clotrimazole - cream with antifungal effect

In what cases and how to apply the cream clotrimazole

Clotrimazole 1% cream is used for weeping fungal and bacterial infections, fungal smooth skin, skin folds of the feet and hands, caused by sensitive pathogens:

  • inguinal athlete, accompanied by friction and weeping in the skin folds;
  • at athlete's foot with blisters and erosions;
  • candidiasis candidiasis smooth skin and skin folds with weeping, and irritation;
  • in any other fungal and bacterial and fungal infections, accompanied by weeping.

The cream is applied in a thin layer on clean skin and a slightly-dried two - three times a day and rub gently, taking care not to damage the elements of an eruption. Cleanses the skin with soap with a neutral pH. Candidiasis of the skin, skin folds and jock itch Jock itch: fungal infection  Jock itch: fungal infection
   treatment is carried out during the month, with athlete's foot - to the complete disappearance of symptoms and another two weeks after that. If there is no therapeutic effect within a month of the drug, you should seek medical advice.

 Clotrimazole - cream with antifungal effect

In some cases, you can not use clotrimazole cream

The use clotrimazole cream is contraindicated in hypersensitive to the components of the drug in the first trimester of pregnancy (clotrimazole can enter the bloodstream and penetrate through the placenta to the fetus). Do not use clotrimazole cream for the treatment of fungal infections of the organs of vision. With careful use of clotrimazole cream while feeding the baby Breastfeeding - a personal choice  Breastfeeding - a personal choice
   feeding, while it can not be applied to the skin of the mammary glands.

 Clotrimazole - cream with antifungal effect

The side effects and the possibility of an overdose

Clotrimazole cream when used correctly by a doctor are usually very well tolerated, however, side effects such as skin irritation and allergic reactions do occur. When an allergic reaction cream is canceled if there is a local reaction in the form of skin irritation, the decision to remove the drug takes a doctor.

For external use cream overdose is impossible. But sometimes mistakenly cream can get inside, causing nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain Abdominal pain: Types and Symptoms  Abdominal pain: Types and Symptoms
 , Disruption of the liver, drowsiness, hallucinations, frequent urination, allergic skin reactions. In such cases, you should wash the stomach to take a few tablets of activated charcoal and call an ambulance.

Clotrimazole Cream - an effective antifungal drug which is used for weeping fungal and bacterial and fungal infections of the skin. Fungal infections are best treated by a physician and under the supervision of laboratory tests.

Galina Romanenko

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  • clotrimazole