Retinoic ointment - it is an effective drug for external use, which is prescribed mainly for acne
Acne: facial trouble
and seborrhea. But since this ointment promotes regeneration (recovery) of the skin, it is also used as part of a treatment for aging skin
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How does retinoic ointment
The structure includes retinoic ointment retinoid isotretinoin. Retinoids - a biologically active form of vitamin A - retinol. Vitamin A is actively involved in the process of maturation of skin cells, while suppressing excessively rapid cell proliferation (proliferation). Retinoids are more active than vitamin A, they effectively intervene in the division of skin cells by inhibiting the process if it goes beyond the norm. At the same time, they stimulate the maturation of cells of the skin and its regeneration.
Retinoic ointment - a suppression of the proliferation of the epithelium in the mouths of the sebaceous ducts and regulating effect on the composition of sebum, rapid excretion of sebum and tissue decay products of the sebaceous ducts. All this leads to the fact that fades main cause of acne - seborrhea or increased secretion of the sebaceous glands with simultaneous change in the composition of sebum and clogging of the sebaceous ducts kamedonov holes (in a corked sebaceous glands is always evolving infection and ulcers formed - acne).
Retinoic ointment - it is a very effective drug, but its use alone is not worth it, because treatment should be podkontroglem doctor because of the significant number of contraindications and side effects, take into account that only a doctor can.
Available ointment 0, 01%, 0, 05 and 0%, 1% retinoic ointment.
In what cases and how to apply ointment
Retinoic ointment used mainly for acne, as the acts on the immediate cause of the disease. In addition, retinoic ointment is used in skin diseases such as rosacea (acne rosacea, which develop in the human sebaceous glands of the skin) and perioral dermatitis (rash around the mouth, the reasons which may not be established).
Sometimes retinoic ointment prescribed as part of a treatment for wrinkles - it promotes the renewal of skin cells and prevents aging.
On prescription ointment is applied in a thin layer on the skin twice a day 20-30 minutes after washing. Duration of treatment - 4-6 weeks.
In some cases, retinoic ointment can not be used
All dosage forms, including those for external use, it is absolutely contraindicated during pregnancy - they have a pronounced teratogenic (causing malformations of the fetus), and embryotoxic effects on the fetus. The action is so strong that people applying retinoids can not donate blood for pregnant women during treatment and for some time afterwards. Do not use the ointment as retinoic during breast
Breastfeeding - a personal choice
feeding, children and adolescents, as well as increased sensitivity to components of the ointment, and the simultaneous use of antibiotics tetracycline group.
With caution, considering all the pros and cons, retinoic ointment prescribed for liver, kidney, pancreas
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, Severe diseases of the cardiovascular system in violation of its functions.
It is undesirable to apply ointment on the skin around the eyes, mucous membranes, as well as in severe acute inflammation.
Do retinoic ointment side effects?
There are quite a lot, especially if it is properly applied. Retinoic ointment applied long courses, up to one - one and a half months. Most important is the control of the doctor in the first two weeks of treatment, because in this period of time may be a side effect, ka aggravation of acne. A side effect is the appearance of new lesions, itching, redness and swelling of tissues, skin peeling.
When such a side effect of the treatment should be temporarily suspended for a few days to reduce symptoms of the disease.
With increased sensitivity of the skin to the components of retinoic ointment may cause allergic skin rash on the diverse nature, accompanied by itching. In this case, retinoic ointment overturned.
If retinoic ointment used for a long time, there may be signs of hypervitaminosis A in the form of inflammation of the mucous and red border of the lips (cheilitis), conjunctivitis, dryness and flaking of the skin.
When concomitant administration of ointments containing corticosteroids reduced the effectiveness of retinoic ointment.
The effectiveness of retinoic ointment is largely dependent on the correctness of its purpose and application - the process should take place under medical supervision.