- Sunburn: severe blow to the body
- When to see a doctor
In moderate doses, tanning improves the color and condition of the skin, promotes the production of vitamin D. However, the result of excessive sunlight exposure can be sunburn. Sunburn is possible and when irradiated skin artificial rays, similar to the sun, so for example, an unsuccessful campaign in the solarium
Solarium: harm or benefit?
It can cause sunburn.
Every once in your life "exceeded dose of sunburn," burn, that is getting a sunburn. Its cause may be any long-term exposure to the sun: a hike to the beach, fishing, working in the garden, even an ordinary walk on a sunny day.
The effects of sunburn
Sunburn in itself, with all the painful feelings - not lethal (in most cases). However, the effects of sunburn, especially repeat - this is a serious threat to health.
According to the Skin Cancer Research Foundation
Skin cancer - a full recovery possible
, A pair of blistering sunburn in childhood or adolescence - it increased twice the risk of disease in adulthood melanoma. Melanoma - a malignant tumor
Malignant tumor: cells are mad
That develops from pigment cells. The most dangerous type of skin cancer. The risk of melanoma is also doubled if the person in my entire life (at any age) received from five sunburns.
In fact, a sunburn - it burns caused by ultraviolet radiation (UV). The main symptom - is redness, tenderness to touch the burnt areas. Usually the symptoms of sunburn appear after thirty minutes.
Ultraviolet radiation is divided into several types, differing from each other along the length of the light wave. Through the dense layers of the atmosphere reach us only ultraviolet rays A and B. Irradiation in tanning - similar to the sun's rays, and also happens to UV-A and UV-B rays.
Dangerous for human skin appearance UV is an ultraviolet-B (UV-B). Excessive exposure to UV-B causes the risk of human cancer.
However, with UV-B, UV-A (UV-A) is not harmless. UV rays cause sunburn and skin photoaging (premature wrinkles).
The normal dose of ultraviolet light brings only benefits. A shortfall of ultraviolet radiation has a negative impact on the human body.
As soon as the UV dose higher than normal, the person may cause health problems. The most common of them - is getting a painful sunburn.
People are exposed to a greater risk of falling into a place with a high level of solar radiation, which travels to the south of the country close to the equator, or the highlands.
The risk of sunburn depends on the individual qualities of the person: the color of skin, eyes, hair, age, previous skin disease, and prior sunburn.
- People with light skin and hair more than others at risk of being subjected to sunburn. And as a consequence sick with something more serious.
- Children under six years old, and adults over the age of sixty more than others are sensitive to solar radiation.
- Recently transferred sunburn, any skin disease - increased risk of scalding from even a short stay in the sun.
The symptoms of sunburn
Sunburns may be minor, moderate and severe.
Medium and minor burns are characterized by redness, soreness when touched. The skin may begin to blush a few hours after an overdose of ultraviolet pain occur within 12-24 hours. After a few days the skin starts to peel off, and a sunburn away without leaving obvious traces.
Serious sunburn complicated by severe burning of skin, blisters, a strong dehydration, disruption of water and electrolyte imbalance and possible infection.
If you do not take measures to eliminate sunburn, and continue to receive a dose of solar radiation, a person can get sunstroke with very serious consequences, including death.
Other symptoms of sunburn include:
- Nausea, vomiting.
- Symptoms of the common cold.
- The appearance of blisters. Blisters can be a little, just as crisp and well-defined, red water bubbles.
Light blisters go, leaving no trace. Blisters in a more serious form of deeper and can be a source of infection, so they must be to be especially careful.
Approximately 4-7 days after severe sunburn skin starts to peel off. This is a sign of recovery of burn. To facilitate this process can easily moisturizers. At this stage, it is important to ensure that the wound did not get infected.
A side effect of "perezagara" may be a skin rash. This is especially common in children.
One of the individual forms of the organism's reaction to the increased level of solar radiation is the so-called allergic to the sun or solar dermatitis. This type of allergy is sometimes difficult course of sunburn. Expressed as an allergy to the sun in the skin rash that occurs after some time in the sun (from thirty minutes to several hours). It is a normal allergy symptoms, and it is removed as well as in other types of allergies: the isolation of the source of the allergic reaction (ie, sunlight), the adoption of antihistamines on the recommendation of a doctor, drink plenty of fluids to remove toxins from the body.
Protection of allergy - this is a common UV protection. Taking the necessary measures to prevent sunburn, these same forms of allergy protection against the sun
Allergy to the sun - skin problems