To date, the most relevant drugs for baldness Propecia and Minoxidil are considered. But before you use them, you need to thoroughly read the instructions, because the use of drugs has several features.
The drug Propecia (Finasteride) was developed for the treatment of mild to moderate male pattern baldness on the crown of the head and the middle frontal scalp area in men only. No confirmed that Propecia helps in retreating hairline at the temples.
Propecia - a tool for the treatment of male pattern baldness in men only and should not be used for the treatment of women and children.
If a woman is pregnant or may be pregnant, she should not take Propecia and should not handle crushed or a broken-pill Propecia, as active ingredients can cause abnormal development of sex organs in male babies. If the active ingredient in Propecia hit the skin of pregnant women should consult a doctor.
Propecia tablets are coated, which prevents contact with the active ingredient, with the proviso that the tablet does not fragmented.
According to clinical studies of the drug Propecia, a small number of men experienced certain sexual side effects, such as decreased libido, difficulty in achieving an erection
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Or decrease sperm counts. Each of these side effects affect less than 2% of men and disappeared after discontinuation of Propecia.
Although the results in different individuals may vary, usually grow back all of the lost hair will not succeed.
Regeyn drug, trade name of minoxidil, is a tool that is applied directly to the scalp. At the moment it is produced at a concentration of 5% (men) and 2% (for women).
Regeyn was developed based on medication for high blood pressure minoxidil. Minoxidil ingestion can have serious side effects for the heart and circulatory system, and is used only when the high pressure treatment of other drugs have failed. It was observed that patients treated with minoxidil, hair began to grow on the body and it was decided that the use of minoxidil directly with the bald scalp, can result in hair growth in that area. Studies have shown that this is true, although the effect is usually modest.
While minoxidil usually works best on top of the head, it also works to a lesser extent in other areas such as the frontal part of the scalp, if there still remains some hair. It does not apply when the area is completely subjected to baldness. The greatest effect of the medication visible after application of five months to two years, with a gradual decrease in efficiency after that date. Those using minoxidil long-term, will continue to lose hair, but at a somewhat slower pace.
Minoxidil prolongs hair follicle growth cycle (the so-called anagen). This improves the quality of hair by increasing the diameter and length of the hair shaft. It may also cause a new phase of growth. Minoxidil is a direct stimulator of the growth of follicles. Simultaneous use of minoxidil and finasteride, which directly inhibits the formation of DHT (a hormone that causes baldness) can be mutually reinforcing effect in the treatment of baldness, although finasteride is significantly more efficient.
Minoxidil should be applied to the scalp twice a day. The drug works only when it is in direct contact with the scalp (not hair), and operates only in those areas where it is applied.
5% of formula twice as effective as 2% solution, but contains propylene glycol, a compound which can cause irritation to the scalp and can make the hair sticky and difficult installation. If this is a problem, it is necessary to consider the use of a 5% solution for a night and a 2% solution (based on alcohol and less sticky) in the first half of the day. When using minoxidil may require 6-12 months before being seen any results. Most patients who see the effect of minoxidil, the observed decrease in the rate of hair loss. The drug also helps thicken existing hair, but most patients grow only a short, thin hairs. It will not help grow new hair on a bald scalp.
Foam Regeyn - a new form of minoxidil 5% based on glycerine
Glycerine: a miracle ingredient for skin and hair
and an alcohol. Pena- a convenient method for applying minoxidil on the scalp, it is not sticky does not have the irritating effect of propylene glycol used in the original 5% solution.
Using Regeyna (Minoxidil 2% and 5%) once daily is almost as efficient as the use of twice a day. The reason is that, although Minoxidil has a relatively short half-life (a few hours), when taken orally, topically it has half-life of 22 hours. This suggests that its use once a day - a reasonable choice.
If the use of minoxidil is stopped, the effect of the drug disappears within three months and the scalp back to its former state. If readmission minoxidil lost hair do not grow, so it is better not to stop, but to use it regularly.
Minoxidil is sometimes assigned (off-label) in combination with other drugs, such as retinoic acid (Retin-A), in order to increase its penetration into the skin and thus increase its effectiveness. This combination of drugs, however, can significantly increase the absorption of minoxidil in the blood stream and can increase the risk of possible side effects, including changes in pressure and severe irritation of the scalp, which leads to scarring.
Using minoxidil women
Only Minoxidil 2% concentration for use in women. Women tend to be more sensitive to side effects of minoxidil as a reduction in blood pressure
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(hypotension), and may experience dizziness
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. Women also have an increased risk of allergic skin reactions (contact dermatitis).
Sometimes women while taking minoxidil develop facial hair growth. Carefully trying to avoid getting the drug on temples and forehead, can reduce, but not entirely prevent this problem.